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Panama canal expansion: how it works

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The expansion of the Panama Canal will not be ready for its 100th anniversary on August 15 as initially hoped by canal authorities. Aimed now to be completed by June 2015, the project was proposed in 2006, began in 2007 and has cost so far US$ 6.5 billion, Newsweek reported. Connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean, the canal currently uses locks in which water flows by gravity and raises ships 26 metres (85 feet) above sea level. Ships can then travel through artificial lakes and channels until they reach another set of locks leading to the sea on the other side. The expansion of the canal will feature new sets of locks that will allow the 81-km-long channel to accommodate even bigger vessels. The new locks will be larger but use less water than the existing ones. Basins next to them will recycle water from the locks as they are emptied, and use this water to partially refill the locks when another ship passes through. Water from the canal’s lakes will also be used to fill the new locks. The new locks will be able to handle ships that are longer, taller and wider. Per-ship cargo capacity will nearly triple, from the current roughly 4,500 standard-container limit to roughly 12,000 standard containers. These changes will make the Panama Canal more competitive with the alternative Suez Canal route, which can currently accommodate much larger ships The Panama began operating in in 1914. It cost about US$420 million and took 40 years to complete. ----------------------------------------­--------------------- Welcome to TomoNews, where we animate the most entertaining news on the internets. Come here for an animated look at viral headlines, US news, celebrity gossip, salacious scandals, dumb criminals and much more! Subscribe now for daily news animations that will knock your socks off. For news that's fun and never boring, visit our channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/TomoNewsUS Subscribe to stay updated on all the top stories: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCt-WqkTyKK1_70U4bb4k4lQ?sub_confirmation=1 Visit our official website for all the latest, uncensored videos: https://us.tomonews.net Check out our Android app: http://bit.ly/1rddhCj Check out our iOS app: http://bit.ly/1gO3z1f Stay connected with us here: Facebook http://www.facebook.com/TomoNewsUS Twitter @tomonewsus http://www.twitter.com/TomoNewsUS Google+ http://plus.google.com/+TomoNewsUS/ Instagram @tomonewsus http://instagram.com/tomonewsus -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Crying dog breaks the internet’s heart — but this sad dog story has a happy ending" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4prKTN9bYQc -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
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Text Comments (133)
Some dude just typed : (1 month ago)
By the way guys the lake the ships are going into is higher than sea level so if there were no locks the ships would have to go up a gigantic waterfall of nope
James Matthews (2 months ago)
A palindrome: "A man, a plan, a canal--Panama!"
rangga fahmi (3 months ago)
I don't know why they said panama and suez are compete against each other. They're in a different side of the world
Sergeant Detergent (4 months ago)
this is well demonstrated sort of 100/100
Visionery1 (5 months ago)
I seem to be missing something: the lake is 26m higher than the entering/exiting canals, what prevents the lake from running dry if it constantly adds water to the locks? Or is the water pumped back into the lake?
Pornhub Administration (5 months ago)
So instead of the step by step way it was/is, it’s all a single level that rises up. 👌👌👍👌
Could Be Anybody (5 months ago)
You couldve owned this and britain could have owned the suez. (Which would benefit both our countries) Good move america.
Laurens Peek (6 months ago)
Alternative Suez canal-route? That doesn't really make sense. If in shipping from New York to LA I won't take the Suez canal.
Pornhub Administration (5 months ago)
Laurens Peek this is why trains exist my friend
666 (6 months ago)
What a mess. Just get rid of the chambers and locks, make it much much wider and greater. I’m Chinese and I can’t stand this type of narrow minded engineering.
Pornhub Administration (5 months ago)
You do realize why the locks exist right? No locks it become the very reason why no ship goes around the South American cape
Donald Trump (6 months ago)
666 hey dipshit, u retards use the lock system as well
hyou zan ren (6 months ago)
Just nukes the entire length of canal! And create 10km wide free to use passages!
Carlos_A_M (5 months ago)
Luca94 *idiot
Carlos_A_M (5 months ago)
hyou zan ren Excuse me? My school is 1 klm away from the canal.
Luca94 (6 months ago)
spoken like a true American
HAW WE FIX LIHGTS AT SEACITY ALKUWAIT
A HAPPY NEW HUNDRED YEARS .
happy 100 years thank
LIHGT IS GOOD EVANT
northernsurferboy (6 months ago)
This video is racist
exloadjoke joke (7 months ago)
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Donald Trump (6 months ago)
exloadjoke joke #nolife
Jebi Se (8 months ago)
how is suez alternative? its on the other part of the world... you can use both.
Mandalorian Gaming (6 months ago)
In order to get bigger modern ships from Asia to Europe/North America the Suez is the only practical way. The problem is its longer and less safe than the Panama route.
Matthew Hemmings (7 months ago)
Because they both are chock points.
Pedo phile Muhammad (9 months ago)
Why don't they dug up the Panama canal deeper and get rid of the locks?
Enrique Linares (6 months ago)
they actually try to do this, but it was imposible because of the terrain. there where to many mountains and big rocks etc. so the cheapest way and most efficient way to do it was by making an artificial lake witch they had to make a smaller hall then going all the way down to sea leve. then building the system explane in the video. the first company that try to make the panama canal was from France and they ran out of money after only completing   10% of the canal. when the Americans took over the project they had to change the way it was going to be build if not they would have fell as well. any other question just ask :) just a good Panamanian loving his country!
The Undiscovered Country (8 months ago)
Maybe we don't live on a spheroid !
Andrew Coit (9 months ago)
Longer; taller; faster; fatter
Rm Pillay (10 months ago)
wow voice!
Flugzeuge Deutschland (10 months ago)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAhIaoAEQcA
thefunkyone247 (11 months ago)
This will fuck the Egyptians up 😳😳😳
Tippersnore (1 year ago)
The Beijing clique is viewing.
ghost307 (1 year ago)
Nice ad...but HOW DOES IT WORK?
aruna abi (1 year ago)
Wow
The Angry General (1 year ago)
I would like to see a nimitz-class aircraft carrier fit through there.
Russ G (9 months ago)
It wouldn't be any larger than those mega-freighters; in fact smaller measured by deadweight tonnage. The last US fleet carriers that could transit the old locks were the Essex class, IIRC. Midway class ships retrofitted with angled flight decks were too wide. There was also going to be a BATTLESHIP class called the Montana class that would have too much beam. It would have carried 12 of the Iowa class's 16 in/50 cal [barrels 50 times 16in] guns but with more armor and slower top speed.
Danny Do (1 year ago)
Hi
Diego Garcia (1 year ago)
Fuck America, greedy fuckers.
ya yaya (1 year ago)
ahh feel the envy of american exceptionalism. while he simultaneously enjoys the niceties of the modern world spread globally by them
Cloureed Balmeo (1 year ago)
Baby songs
mrdickwhiskey (1 year ago)
Way to go President Carter. "Ships have outgrown the Canal, we are relinquishing control of this vital waterway to Panama." The Panamanians had no idea how to build it or the resources to do it. We should have kept control of it and expanded it. Manuel Noriega sure enjoyed it's revenues.
Darren (2 months ago)
mrdickwhiskey Chucha madre, ¿ustedes los gringos no fueron a la escuela? Me da vergüenza como reparten su ignorancia por internet.
Old, bald fat man (4 months ago)
Tell that to Russia and its grabbing of Ukrainian land.
JJ Pineda (4 months ago)
mrdickwhiskey silent!
Jonathan Williams (5 months ago)
Russ G wrong It was part of Columbia The revolution was happening anyway we just offered protection
DPSM 1008 (1 year ago)
why do we need locks ? just dig a canal and let it be .. wil the water not be there in the canal for the ships to travel on it ?? some 1 plz explain
AcolyteOF Fire (5 months ago)
if they dug a canal the high difference in the water level would cause the ground water level to drop many many feet, causing in some places a drought .
unni kuttan (6 months ago)
extremely expensive to dig canal 81 km, 100 mtr depth 100 mtr width. if constructed there will be ecological impact in region like salty ground watet will distroy forest and natural habitants.Ocean currents will change which may lead to climatic imbalances
Jebi Se (7 months ago)
not sure what you mean... but apparently norway had idea to build tunnel for ships.
Richard Bosnak (7 months ago)
Digging a tunnel for ships? So we are going full british on this?
Matthew Hemmings (7 months ago)
Digging a deep narrow canal in a jungle between 2 oceans with a huge lake and the rest of the general environment. Find a way to build this yourself.
Nores Trivieri (1 year ago)
puedes hablar jamaican? pereza!
ROBLOX KRALI (1 year ago)
Sazan balık GÖÇ
Cesar (2 years ago)
blaze meth m9 hisssss
Anthony Mina (2 years ago)
so after the expansion, emma maersk can now pass through panama canal?
David Keenan (1 year ago)
+Abraham Alvarez The safety aspect relates to the need for tugs both fore & aft to steer these neopanamax vessels through the locks. The new locks can't fit two tugs and a vessel longer than 366 metres in the locks.
Abraham Alvarez (2 years ago)
basically it fits, since the emma and triple e are 400 meters long and 52 meters wide, and the canal is 425 meters long and 55 meters wide, but for safety reasons they decided not to let in ships longer and wider than 366 meters, 50 meters wide
Jeppe T. (2 years ago)
+Anthony Mina Nope, too long
stereopolice (3 years ago)
Great, let's open the world up to even more Chinese crap.
grondhero (2 months ago)
Not everything is made in China.
Russ G (9 months ago)
Yep, exactly what it did. It's now cheaper for the ChiCom's to get their slave-labor merchandise onto the shelves of your local Walmart, Costco, Lowes, Home Depot, Target, Family Dollar, you name it.
David W (Wong) nope i don't buy any chinese crap you dumbass.
Johan sigurdson (11 months ago)
+David W We can produce our own stuff m8
Derpster (1 year ago)
Let's 3D print everything at home, but make the crap travel two times around the world for fun before delivering to customer.
this proves Teddy's Big Ditch is back in the game. it was marvel that it is in 1915 and it is the marvel that it is today without Panama Canal the cargo won't get delivered the world depends on it.
Giuseppe Battagliese (1 year ago)
Mi chiarisci un dubbio tecnico,vedo la terza vasca abbassare il livello acque per innalzare la seconda vasca,giusto il principio del nostro Archimede,ma e sbagliata l'applicazione. Esatto è usare (con due tubazioni separate)l'acqua del lago e aggiungerne solo alla prima vasca a spingere la nave in alto e poi a seguire,l'acqua di spinta deve passare a scendere del lago nelle tubazioni e a salire nelle vasche. A circolo chiuso,sistema veloce(due navi a salire/scendere,una alla prima vasca e una alla quarta)e non mischia le acque dei mari con le acque del lago.
Donald Kasper (1 year ago)
Of course the cargo is delivered anyway, but bigger ships with same crew lowers per-ship costs.
David Keenan (1 year ago)
Sorry, I'm sure you are wrong. These massive vessels need at least two tugs, one fore & one aft, to transit the locks. So though the lock basins are 425 metres long, the maximum length of vessels that can use them is 366 metres. So the MV Barzan and the Maersk E Series, eight in that class, are just too long. My opinion of the canal expansion is that it is a marvelous achievement. Credit goes first and last to the Panamanian people. Sure they used foreign contractors, they had no choice, but this most important maritime transit hub will be staffed mainly by Panamanians, and this expansion ensures the security of the nation for generations to come.
David Keenan yes it can instead of one gate and his wife there are two gates it and a tugboat can fit.
David Keenan (1 year ago)
"With the new Panama Canal every ship can get through" Not quite. The container vessel MV Barzan, the first of six of its class, can't use the new locks. At 400 metres long, it & two tugs can't fit into the new locks. It's 34 metres too long. But this doesn't matter because they are only designed for journeys between Asia & Europe, & they can use the Suez Canal.
Admiral Nimitz (4 years ago)
AMERICA FUCK YA!
dasun13 (3 years ago)
Coming here to save the motherfucking day
The Great Agitator (4 years ago)
Locks, locks, locks, locks, locks, locks, locks and locks. Also locks.
Donald Dark (4 years ago)
Can someone explain something to me...like I don't know how the panel works...I mean does panama owns the panel or it's free? Por like you have to be friends with panama to pass? :(
David Keenan (1 year ago)
+Antonio Tobar For the largest vessels the canal can now handle it costs somewhere around $1.5 million, maybe more, I was calculating based on 2013 prices. Good news for Panama, but also economic for the vessel operators.
Antonio Tobar (2 years ago)
+Angela Morales Yes, you are right.
Donald Dark (3 years ago)
So it's a good business nice
DanielRichards644 (3 years ago)
+Purple Fairy Some ships can pay upwards of 200k dollars US for a one way trip threw the canal, probably even more for the new larger ships on the new locks, definitely not free, but better then spending 4 weeks traveling around South America.
Angela Morales (3 years ago)
Yes,Panamá do owns the Canal, it isn't free though the price depends according to the containers and..all that stuff. Im from Panamá btw.
fleiva30 (4 years ago)
The Chinese wants Nicaragua to compete against Panama
Donald Kasper (1 year ago)
The want a bigger canal. There may be a water limit in Panama. Just not enough water. The Chinese now run the Panama canal.
Antonio Tobar (2 years ago)
+Phillip Unrau Because Pacific and Atlantic Oceans do not have the same water level. Thats why The Panama Canal have a lot of Locks.
nukeurhouse12 (4 years ago)
Nice! hopefully that shipment of Cocaine will get here soon!
Darren (2 months ago)
nukeurhouse12 hopefully you'll take drugs earlier
gravynavy (2 years ago)
thats colombia btw we dont actually make drugs
LIE AND REALITY (4 years ago)
Ok
LIE AND REALITY (4 years ago)
Ok
Tarmans gaming (4 years ago)
Like this comment for no reason LOL. lets see how many i get!!!
gravynavy (1 year ago)
one you get only one
Kyle Burdick (4 years ago)
Stopid
Carlos_A_M (11 months ago)
Imma Turkey why, becouse panamenians did a better job than you Americans?
Chronic Fever (4 years ago)
Hi

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