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Insulin Usage, Side Effects, Dose, Packing etc

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Type of medicine Insulin Used for Diabetes mellitus Also called Short-acting insulins Soluble insulin: Actrapid®, Humulin S®, Insuman® Rapid, Insuman® Infusat; Hypurin® Bovine Neutral, Hypurin® Porcine Neutral Insulin aspart: NovoRapid®; Fiasp® Insulin glulisine: Apidra® Insulin lispro: Humalog® Intermediate and long-acting insulins Insulin degludec: Tresiba®; Xultophy® (in combination with liraglutide) Insulin detemir: Levemir® Insulin glargine: Lantus®; Abasaglar®; Toujeo® Insulin zinc suspension: Hypurin® Bovine Lente Isophane insulin: Insulatard®, Humulin I®, Insuman® Basal, Hypurin® Bovine Isophane, Hypurin® Porcine Isophane Protamine zinc insulin: Hypurin® Bovine Protamine Zinc Biphasic insulins Biphasic insulin aspart: NovoMix® 30 Biphasic insulin lispro: Humalog® Mix25, Humalog® Mix50 Biphasic isophane insulin: Humulin M3®, Insuman® Comb 15, Insuman® Comb 25, Insuman® Comb 50, Hypurin® Porcine 30/70 Mix Available as Injection - as vials, cartridges and pre-filled pens Insulin is a hormone which is made naturally in your body, in the pancreas. It helps to control the levels of sugar (glucose) in your blood. If your body does not make enough insulin, or if it does not use the insulin it makes effectively, this results in the condition called sugar diabetes (diabetes mellitus).People with diabetes need treatment to control the amount of sugar in their blood. This is because good control of blood sugar levels reduces the risk of complications later on. Insulin is manufactured to closely resemble our natural human insulin. It can also be derived from animals (called porcine insulin and bovine insulin), although these are rarely used nowadays. Insulin cannot be taken by mouth, as it is destroyed by digestive enzymes. It is therefore given by an injection just under the surface of the skin. It is administered using a syringe and needle or by using an injection device (such as a pre-filled pen).There are several different types of insulin available. The types are classified according to how quickly and for how long the insulin works. Short-acting or soluble insulin works quickly and is usually injected just before meals. Intermediate and long-acting insulins take longer to work and the effects last longer. Biphasic insulin products contain both a short-acting and an intermediate or long-acting insulin. There are also many different brands of insulin - these are listed in the table above, according to their type. The type and brand of insulin that your doctor prescribes for you will be tailored to your needs. It is very important that you continue to use the same brand of insulin until your doctor or diabetes nurse tells you otherwise. Before starting this treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack as well as the information you have been given by your doctor or diabetes clinic. Use your insulin exactly as your doctor tells you to. Your doctor or diabetes nurse will show you how to inject yourself with insulin. It is usually injected into your upper arms, thigh, buttocks or tummy (abdomen).Can insulin cause problems? Apart from hypoglycaemia (see above) insulin has very few side-effects. You may feel some lumpiness at the site of the injection but regularly changing the area of skin that you inject will help to prevent this.
Категория: Наука и техника
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