Search results “Women with breast cancer risk post”
Your Cancer Risk: Estrogen Replacement After a Hysterectomy
*Your Cancer Risk: Estrogen Replacement After a Hysterectomy* This Friday on May 15th at 9 pm PT, we will be talking with Dr. Philip Sarrel about estrogen replacement after a hysterectomy. A new study shows that using estrogen alone may not influence breast cancer risk in the same way as the combined therapy of estrogen and synthetic progesterone. Estrogen use in women with hysterectomy is associated with a reduced risk for breast cancer and that if you stop estrogen after having hysterectomy that benefit of breast cancer reduction is lost over time. Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, is used to relieve menopausal symptoms. A woman on hormone therapy usually takes both estrogen and synthetic progesterone, known as progestin. Women who have had a hysterectomy can take estrogen alone. Join Medical Director Dr. Jay Harness and guest Dr. Philip Sarrel as they discuss estrogen replacement after a hysterectomy this Friday, May 15th at 9 am PT/12 pm ET. If you are a mobile user, join us using this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKg67GSX97s #Estrogen #Hysterectomy #BreastCancer
Honoring A Young Woman’s Bravery After Fatal Breast Cancer Diagnosis | Megyn Kelly TODAY
Last fall, Megyn Kelly TODAY profiled Larissa Podermanksi, who had been diagnosed with fatal and incurable metastatic breast cancer. Now Larissa has died at the age of 32, and we share a look back at her life. » Subscribe to TODAY: http://on.today.com/SubscribeToTODAY » Watch the latest from TODAY: http://bit.ly/LatestTODAY About: TODAY brings you the latest headlines and expert tips on money, health and parenting. We wake up every morning to give you and your family all you need to start your day. If it matters to you, it matters to us. We are in the people business. Subscribe to our channel for exclusive TODAY archival footage & our original web series. Connect with TODAY Online! Visit TODAY's Website: http://on.today.com/ReadTODAY Find TODAY on Facebook: http://on.today.com/LikeTODAY Follow TODAY on Twitter: http://on.today.com/FollowTODAY Follow TODAY on Google+: http://on.today.com/PlusTODAY Follow TODAY on Instagram: http://on.today.com/InstaTODAY Follow TODAY on Pinterest: http://on.today.com/PinTODAY Honoring A Young Woman’s Bravery After Fatal Breast Cancer Diagnosis | Megyn Kelly TODAY
Views: 1589 TODAY
Breast cancer for transgender women
In line of Pink October, My Ladyboy Date would like to take part of letting you know about the risk of getting breast cancer for transgender women. Got a question, want an answer? Just ask by posting your question into the comments! My Ladyboy Date is the first decent dating website for transgender women and men who like transgender women. It's free to sign up and review your matches, browse the profiles and watch the photo. Sign up there: http://myladyboydate.com/signup
Views: 5757 My Ladyboy Date
Larry Norton on the Use of Chemotherapy for Women with Intermediate-Risk Breast Cancer
Medical oncologist Larry Norton explains the results of the TAILORx trial, which shows that some women with breast cancer may not need to receive chemotherapy. The study results were presented at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting. Learn about Breast Cancer: https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/types/breast CONNECT WITH MSK Facebook: http://facebook.com/sloankettering Twitter: http://twitter.com/sloan_kettering Instagram: http://instagram.com/sloankettering Request an appointment at MSK by calling 800-525-2225 or online at: https://www.mskcc.org/appointments/request-appointment
Hormonal Therapy for Breast Cancer: We Teach You
We teach you about hormonal therapy for breast cancer. Drugs such as tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors are key treatment options for most breast cancers. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ ________________________________ Questions for your Medical Oncologist: 1. What type of hormonal therapy do you recommend? 2. Will I also benefit from chemotherapy? 3. What are the side effects of hormonal therapy? 4. Will I need 5 or 10 years of these medications? 5. Would the genomic assay Oncotype DX be helpful? 6. What is Hormonal Therapy? Anti-estrogen (estrogen-blocking) medications, prescribed as pills, are incredibly effective at treating certain types of breast cancer. Hormonal therapy is given to about 70 to 80% of women with breast cancer. Chemotherapy, on the other hand, is a more intense cancer treatment that is generally administered intravenously. Most patients will not need chemotherapy. Many women that do need chemotherapy will also benefit from hormonal therapy. These treatment decisions are complex ones with your medical oncologist. You will make better choices when you are well informed before meeting with your medical oncologist. Do my “Receptors” suggest Hormonal Therapy? When the estrogen circulating in your blood stream interacts with a breast cancer that has “Estrogen Receptors” (ER) present on its surface, it tends to flip the ER switch to the “on” or “grow” position for ER Positive tumors. The same can be said to a lesser extent for the “Progesterone Receptor,” if your cancer is found to also be PR positive. Patients with ER+ breast cancers almost always benefit from the anti-estrogen effects of hormonal therapy. These medications can make cancer cells die, or slow down their growth. If a few cancer cells have already spread to other parts of the body, these medications are incredibly effective at preventing these cells from growing and threatening your life in the future. In other words, those who take hormonal therapy for ER+ tumors have a more successful chance at long-term survival when compared to those who do not. About 80% of all breast cancers are ER+. Even if your medical oncologist recommends chemotherapy for you, if your tumor is ER+ you will also benefit from up to 10 years of hormonal therapy after chemotherapy. Hormonal therapy is never given during chemotherapy nor during radiation therapy. What is “Tamoxifen?” Tamoxifen is an anti-estrogen medication (pills) that has been used with great success with ER+ cancers for three decades. It is now the primary hormonal therapy for younger, pre-menopausal women. It is also the primary drug for men with breast cancer. It is used for some post-menopausal women. What are “Aromatase Inhibitors?” Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are a class of anti-estrogen medications (pills) that have proven to be slightly more effective than Tamoxifen for post-menopausal women. It is not recommended for younger, pre-menopausal women, except in certain circumstances. The three most common versions are Anastrozole (Arimidex), Letrozole (Femara), and Exemestane (Aromasin). What are the side effects of Hormonal Therapy? Side effects vary greatly from one person to the next for both types of hormonal medications. Some have no symptoms at all. Most have very tolerable side effects. Some patients will need to change hormonal therapy medications to find the best balance of cancer benefit versus side effects. Several side effects that are rather common for both tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors are hot flashes, night sweats, joint pain, and vaginal dryness. Below, we list some of the other specific side effects for both drugs. Tamoxifen Side Effects: Increased risk of uterine (endometrial) cancer Increased risk of developing blood clots Slows normal bone loss in most women (a “good” side effect) Cannot be taken during pregnancy because of risk of birth defects or fetal death Can temporarily induce menopause in pre-menopausal women. Aromatase Inhibitor Side Effects: Can worsen bone loss (osteoporosis) in women Muscle and joint aches and pains Would an “Oncotype DX” assay help me? Patients who have a small, estrogen receptor positive, HER2 receptor negative tumor, and no evidence of cancer in their lymph nodes may benefit from an Oncotype DX genomic assay. This cutting-edge test looks deeper into your cancer cells to better identify people who may also benefit from chemotherapy with ER+ breast cancers. The decision to undergo chemotherapy, in addition to hormonal therapy, is a complicated one. Your medical oncologist uses many factors to help decide if you will benefit from chemotherapy. An Oncotype DX analysis of a portion of your breast cancer tissue can be instrumental in this decision.
New report details breast cancer risk among black women
New data on breast cancer was presented in a report released Monday by four major cancer groups in the U.S., including the American Cancer Society. It provides the most detailed analysis to date of breast cancer risk by age, race and geography. Dr. Jon LaPook reports on the implications the findings have on African-American women.
Views: 3767 CBS Evening News
Study finds obese, post-menopausal women at elevated risk for breast cancer
A new domestic study of over 1 million local women screened for breast cancer has revealed that obese post-menopausal women are at an elevated risk of contracting the disease. The study indicated that high levels of body fat correlated with an increase in estrogen, which was linked to the growth of breast cancer cells.A ten-year study by a team of researchers from NTU and Taipei Medical University Hospital followed 1.39 million Taiwanese women who had undergone screenings for breast cancer. They found that overweight women who stopped menstruating are at a much higher risk for contracting breast cancer.Tu Shih-hsin Taipei Medical Univ. Cancer Research CenterAs body fat levels increase, the metabolism of those cells generates an excess of estrogen, which then stimulates an increase in the production of cells in the mammary gland. So elevated estrogen levels can cause growth in cancer cells.Body Mass Index, or BMI, is a measure of body fat based upon a person’s height and weight. The normal BMI of a healthy individual can range from 18.5 to 23.9, but the study found that those with a BMI greater than 35 are up to 65 percent more likely to contract breast cancer. The authors of the study which was published in the International Journal of Obesity advised post-menopausal women to prevent against breast cancer by watching their weight.Tu Shih-hsin Taipei Medical Univ. Cancer Research CenterDon’t engage in long-term use of female hormones which aren’t absolutely necessary, and maintain a habit of regular exercise in order to avoid excess body weight.It’s not just post-menopausal women who are affected as the study also found older women who were overweight from a young age contract breast cancer at an elevated rate. Researchers reminded women to stay healthy by exercising and watching what they eat beginning at a young age.
Views: 156 Formosa EnglishNews
Powerful tool for some women with breast cancer
Women with cancer on the left side, who also require radiation, are at higher risk for heart trouble down the road. That's why Sunnybrook is increasingly using a technique called Active Breathing Control, or ABC. Eligible patients simply hold their breath during treatment with the help of special equipment. It's a powerful tool to protect heart health while fighting cancer.
Views: 3410 Sunnybrook Hospital
How Does Alcohol Affect A Woman's Risk For Breast Cancer?
In this video, Dr. Maizes addresses the link between breast cancer and alcohol consumption. She recommends that women only have one alcoholic drink per day. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Breast cancer: signs, symptoms & risk factors
Discover the signs, symptoms of breast cancer as well as its incidence and risk factors in this video with Dr Victoria Harmer, Macmillan Consultant Nurse (Imperial College Health Care NHS Trust, UK). #breastcancerawareness You can find more breast cancer content at: www.oncology-central.com/category/disease-area/breast/ To gain free access to the latest oncology research, news and interviews with key opinion leaders - make sure to create your free Oncology Central account: www.oncology-central.com
Views: 3638 Oncology Central
14 Breast Cancer Risk Factors You Should Discuss With Your Doctor
If you've ever paid a visit to a gynecologist, chances are you've felt up one of those fake breasts that contains a lump somewhere within. And if you've ever felt up one of those fake breasts, you wouldn't be alone if you've had trouble finding the lump. If your mom, sister or daughter has or has hadbreast cancer, your risk of a similar diagnosis doubles. If two of any of those relatives have breast cancer, the chance you'll be diagnosed increases by five. TheSusan B. Komen Breast Cancer Foundationsays it quite plainly: "Age is an established risk for breast cancer." Women under 40 are less likely to get it than women over 70. Breast cancer in womenreceives much more attention than men, but that doesn't mean it can't happen. One percent of all breast cancers in the United States occur in men, according toKomen, with the chance of it happening 1 in 1,000 (compared with 1 in 8 for women). Women with dense breasts are six times more likely to develop breast cancer, according toBreastCancer.org. And breast density is often inherited, which means if your mom's breasts were dense, chances are yours are, too.Mammogramsare one way to measure the thickness of breast tissue, although your doctor may determine that additional screenings, such as MRIs or ultrasounds, could also be necessary. If you got your first period before age 12, you'll have a higher risk of breast cancer later on. Hand-in-hand with menstruating is developing breasts, so if they're forming earlier,"they're ready to interact with hormonesinside and outside your body, as well as with chemicals in products that are hormone disruptors. Oral contraceptives(otherwise known as the pill) contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone, which, according toMD Anderson, changes a woman's hormone levels—and that can trigger breast cancer. The good news is the increased risk is only slight, and temporary, and it goes back to normal five years after going off the pill. TheAmerican Institute for Cancer Researchdoes not mince words: "Drinking just one glass of wine or other alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk." A study released in spring 2017 that had data on 12 million women found "strong evidence" that a drink each day upped the increase of pre-menopausal breast cancer by 5 percent and post-menopausal breast cancer by 9 percent. Women who give birth and breastfeed have a lower risk of breast cancer than women who are childless.Everyday Healthsays that's because pregnancy and lactation interrupt ovulation, and "this alteration in the hormonal environment reduces breast-cancer risk somewhat." TheKomenorganization says women who become biological moms younger than 35 "tend to get a protective benefit from pregnancy" compared with women who give birth when they're older. Breast cells grow at a higher rate during pregnancy, and if there's any "genetic damage in the breast cells, it is copied as the cells grow"—and those cells can lead to breast cancer because genetic damage increases with age. TheNational Institutes of Healthsays obesity in post-menopausal women has been "positively associated with risk" of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers, making them 30 percent to 60 percent more likely to develop the disease than if they were slimmer. Age 50 is when many women's ovaries cease to release eggs. For women who start menopause later, though, the increased exposure to higher levels of hormones like estrogen for longer periods of time gives them a higher chance of developing breast and uterine cancers, according toCancer.net. Time magazinefound that more than 100 studies show "the most active women tend to have a 25 percent lower chance of developing" breast cancer than "the least active women." Lower body fat, which can be achieved in part through exercise, is critical for preventing breast cancer, since fatty tissue "is the primary source of hormones" that can be a major factor in developing the disease. Diethylstilbestrol, or DES, is a synthetic form of estrogen that some women took during pregnancy between 1940 and 1971 in order to prevent miscarriage and premature labor, according to theNational Cancer Institute. Ultimately, though, DES was found to be ineffective, so doctors stopped using it. Researchers have found that induced abortions have "no overall effect on the risk of breast cancer." This is per the largest study on the topic that came out of Denmark in the 1990s, which theAmerican Cancer Societycalled "very complete."
Views: 6 Americono
Alcohol and breast cancer risk in women
News from the American Council on Science and Health
Views: 205 Matter of Facts
Health Alert: Hormone study and breast cancer risk
CINCINNATI (Liz Bonis) -- More questions being were raised Thursday, April, 16, about two hormone replacement therapies for women. Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT as it's known, is usually a combination of both estrogen and a synthetic progesterone called progestin. It is usually used to reduce hot flashes, sleep problems, and other symptoms of menopause. In women who have had a hysterectomy, often only estrogen alone is given. A study released Thursday was a follow-up to a previous women's health initiative study that was released in 2002. It found the combination therapy increased a woman's chances for breast cancer, stroke, heart disease, and blood clots. The new study was an analysis of the same women, but now 13 years later, and looks only at the way HRT may influence breast cancer risk.Experts at the Cleveland Clinic said results showed using estrogen alone may not influence breast cancer risk in the same way as the combined therapy of estrogen and synthetic progesterone. The study followed more than 16,000 women on the combined therapy. It found women who got off this therapy had the risk drop in about three years. Women did still have a higher breast cancer risk as time went on; the study did not raise death rates overall from it. In the women who were only on estrogen about 10,000 were followed. They found the estrogen alone actually led to a reduced risk. But if they stopped that the reduced risk went away over time.Cleveland Clinic doctors said hormones influence risk but don't cause breast cancer. They suggest people talk with their own doctor about their personal health history before making a decision about taking or not taking hormones. Follow Liz Bonis on Twitter @lbonis1, and LIKE her on Facebook.Follow us on Twitter @Local12 and LIKE us on Facebook for updates!
Views: 113 LOCAL 12
BREAST CANCER BREAKTHROUGH: Eating These Seeds Will Reduce Your Risk Of Disease!
BREAST CANCER BREAKTHROUGH: Eating These Seeds Will Reduce Your Risk Of Disease! Click here to get natural products from our shop: https://www.amazon.com/shop/ajaancestralhealing Click here for more natural products from hundreds of our retail partners: http://obsessedwith.it/ajaancestr/ Visit our website for even more natural cures and health tips: http://ajaancestralhealing.blogspot.com/ Click here to get T-Shirts from our shop: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/ajaancestralhealing/ Click here to see the equipment used in this video production: https://kit.com/ajaancestralhealing Click this link to SUBSCRIBE for more informational videos: https://goo.gl/iJWJ6u Support this channel by donating: http://bit.ly/2v3AYbF Watch our most recent upload: https://goo.gl/6PhL40 Watch our most popular upload: https://goo.gl/Va1CLA _____________________________________________________________ PLAYLISTS: SUPERFOODS: http://bit.ly/2CrZpyv Lose Weight With Home Remedies: http://bit.ly/2spgkka How To Clean Out The Body And Lose Weight: http://bit.ly/2Gmdrnp Natural Teeth Remedies: http://bit.ly/2GphIGX Natural Remedies to Fight Cancer: http://bit.ly/2Fci83K Remedies for Cold, Flu, Mucus, Phlegm: http://bit.ly/2sBCbpU How To Prevent Diseases From Spreading: http://bit.ly/2o96r6E Natural Remedies to Clean the Colon: http://bit.ly/2Fdthla Cure Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction: http://bit.ly/2FaLuQi Improve Your Sex Life Naturally: http://bit.ly/2C6GtcA Natural Remedies for Breast Issues: http://bit.ly/2Exd5y1 Natural Treatments For Aging: http://bit.ly/2FbQd4a Naturally Cure Diabetes: http://bit.ly/2BxUjDY Beauty Tips: http://bit.ly/2EOhJqM _____________________________________________________________ SOCIAL MEDIA LINKS: PayPal: https://www.paypal.me/AJAAncestralHealing Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/ajaancestralhealing Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ajaancestralhealing/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/ajaancestorheal Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/ajaancestralhealing/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ajaancestralhealing/ Tumblr: https://ajaancestralhealing.tumblr.com/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/user/ajaancestralhealing/ Google+: https://plus.google.com/+AJAAncestralHealing Music: https://soundcloud.com/templeoftikal _____________________________________________________________ IN THIS VIDEO: Breast cancer. It’s a pretty serious thing. It is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with nearly 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in 2012. About 1 in 8 U.S. women will develop invasive breast cancer, over the course of her lifetime. About 40,610 women in the U.S. are expected to die in 2017 from breast cancer.......... SCIENTIFIC STUDIES: http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/statistics https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15897583 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24013641 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24869971 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11445478 https://bit.ly/2MvAsr6 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996912000087 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1656395 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf0629134 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lignan https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16201847 https://bit.ly/2MucVqM https://bit.ly/2tE1eGJ https://bit.ly/2lIkQp2 http://www.eurekaselect.com/88561/article https://bit.ly/2MucVqM http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22136581 https://bit.ly/1IIo1By http://www.idosi.org/wjc/1(1)06/8.pdf https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18689552 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19584895 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19935863 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25694068 _____________________________________________________________ DISCLAIMER: The materials and the information contained on AJA Ancestral Healing channel are provided for general and educational purposes only and do not constitute any legal, medical or other professional advice on any subject matter. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new diet or treatment and with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. _____________________________________________________________ ABOUT US: AJA Ancestral Healing provides relevant information and tips on the usage of natural remedies to prevent, treat and heal ailments. The channel is named after AJA, the Orisha patron of the forest and all animals within it. AJA holds the secrets of botany, and is a master of potions and healing herbs. She passed this skill to the Yoruban people, who practice her craft to this very day. _____________________________________________________________ DON'T FORGET TO SHARE, LIKE, COMMENT, AND SUBSCRIBE. _____________________________________________________________
Views: 2142 AJA Ancestral Healing
Does Removing the Ovaries Reduce Breast Cancer Risk?
Gynecologic Oncologist Dr. Mike Janicek explains how and by how much removing the ovaries can reduce a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. Women often avoid removing the ovaries because they don't want to deal with early menopause. Dr. Janicek explains how this can be avoided. Watch this video to learn more about risk reduction surgery. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/wh... Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Angelina Jolie Chooses Double Mastectomy to Reduce Breast Cancer Risk: Dr. Harness Explains
After finding out that she is BRCA1 positive, Angelina Jolie made the decision to undergo a preventative double mastectomy. Dr. Harness explains how a prophylactic mastectomy reduces a woman's risk for breast cancer and who should be tested for the BRCA genes. Dr. Harness discusses breast reconstruction, insurance coverage for preventative mastectomies and reconstruction and alternatives to preventative mastectomy. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Breast Cancer?? The Things You Should Know About Breast Cancer | Happy Womens Day
Subscribe Our Channel For Health & Fitness Updates Like & Share with your Loved once World Cancer Day 4 feb 2018 #worldcancerday follow us on Instagram :- https://instagram.com/ahealthybeat Subscribe to our channel :- https://bit.ly/2i2oYhK Follow us on Facebook :-https://www.facebook.com/Gohealthy53/ Hello GuysToday In This Video We will See What is Breast Cancer? What Are The signs of Breast cancer? & How We Can Prevent it? Breast Cancer happens when our normal cells gets converted into cancerous cell. This May Be Due to genes or May be Due To some other risk factor Which we will see later in this video This Cancer Mostly Happens to Those women Who have crossed 50years of Age. But It may Happen To younger women Also. There Are Several Signs of Breast Cancer Which every women should Know. So that we can diagnose & Treat it at very early stage. Also In The initial days of breast cancer Women feels no pain. This is What stops them to see a doctor, even when other signs are present. Come Lets see What are The sign of Breast Cancer 1.Nipple tenderness or softness or thickening in breast or near the breast. 2. Thickening Near The underarm area 3. A change in the skin texture or an enlargement of pores in the skin of the breast  4. A lump or bulging in the breast  5. Any unexplained change in the size or shape of the breast 6. Unexplained swelling of the breast  7. Nipple that is turned slightly inward or inverted 8. Any Nipple Discharge—Particularly Clear Discharge Or Bloody Discharge.  9. Redness in Nipple or nipple pain In All These Conditions A Women Should Visit Her doctor without wasting any time. Because it might be a breast cancer Breast Cancer is associated with Genes of The person & Several Risk factor can Also lead to breast Cancer. Certain Preacution should be taken are.1. Being Overwieght Overweight and obese women have a higher risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer compared to women who maintain a healthy weight, especially after menopause 2. Menstrual History Women who started menstruating at very early age. And Late menopause after 55years of age are at greater risk of breast cancer 3. High Usage of of oral contraceptives can also lead to breast cancer 3. Other risk factor areSmoking alchol consumptioLack of exercise or Very inactive Lifestyle  & Not having Balanced Diet are also at risk of breast cancerso This is all We Have You For Today. Share It With Your Loved once And Dont Forget to subscribe For Health Fitness Updates Thankyou
Views: 925 AHealthyBeat
Women with breast cancer gene mutation more likely to survive cancer after double mastectomy
Read the full research: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bmj.g226 Results show that over 20 more lives could be saved per 100 women, but further research is needed to confirm findings Women who carry a mutation on the BRCA breast cancer gene - and are diagnosed with early stage breast cancer - are significantly less likely to die if they undergo a double mastectomy than those who have only one breast removed, suggests a paper published on bmj.com today. The authors say double mastectomy should be discussed as an option for young women with a BRCA mutation and early onset breast cancer. However, given the small number of women in this group, further research is required to confirm the findings. Women who carry a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation face a lifetime risk of breast cancer of 60 -- 70% and once diagnosed with breast cancer face a high risk of second primary breast cancer. There is little information on the long-term survival experience of women with either of these genes who are treated for breast cancer. In North America, one half of women with a BRCA mutation will undergo a double breast removal to prevent a second breast cancer, but it has not yet been shown that this reduces the risk of death. Researchers from the US and Canada set out to review the twenty year survival experience of 390 women (from 290 different families) with early-stage breast cancer, diagnosed from 1975 to 2009. The women were either known to be carriers or were likely to be carriers of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene and were treated with single or double mastectomy. Of these 390 patients, 44 were initially treated with bilateral (double) mastectomy and 346 were initially treated with unilateral (single) mastectomy. Of those that were treated with unilateral mastectomy, 137 went on to have the other breast removed at a later date (contralateral mastectomy). The average time from diagnosis to contralateral mastectomy was two years. Over the 20 year follow-up period, 79 women died of breast cancer (18 in the bilateral mastectomy group and 61 in the unilateral mastectomy group). Results showed that having both breasts removed was associated with a significant (48%) reduction in breast cancer death compared with having only one breast removed over a 20 year period. Based on these results, the researchers predict that of 100 women treated with double mastectomy, 87 will be alive at 20 years compared with 66 of 100 women treated with single mastectomy. The authors say bilateral mastectomy should be discussed as an option for young women with a BRCA mutation and early onset breast cancer. However, given the small number of women in this group, further research is required to confirm the findings. The significant mortality benefit associated with a double breast removal was most apparent in the second decade of follow-up after initial breast cancer diagnosis. The majority of deaths during this time period (55%) occurred among women who experienced a second breast cancer. The researchers conclude that it is "reasonable to propose bilateral mastectomy as the initial treatment option for a woman with early-stage breast cancer who carries a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation". They suggest further discussion with women who have previously had one breast removed. They also suggest that women with newly-diagnosed breast cancer might benefit from knowing they carry a BRCA mutation.
Views: 1301 The BMJ
ovarian cancer causes and risk factors
Ovarian Cancer Risk Factor Family History Family history of ovarian cancer is a risk factor; a woman has a higher chance of developing it if a close relative has had ovarian, breast, or colon cancer. Inherited gene mutations, including the BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations linked to breast cancer, are responsible for about 10% of ovarian cancers. Talk to you doctor if you have a strong family history of these cancers to determine if closer medical observation may be helpful. Age Age is the strongest risk factor for ovarian cancer. It is much more common after menopause, and using hormone therapy may increase a woman’s risk. This risk appears strongest in those who take estrogen therapy without progesterone for at least 5-10 years. It is not known whether taking estrogen and progesterone in combination also increases risk. Obesity Obesity is also a risk factor for ovarian cancer; obese women have both a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer and higher death rates from this cancer than non-obese women. The risk seems to correlate with weight, so the heaviest women have the highest risk. Read full article on https://freshhealthnews.xyz/understanding-ovarian-canceer/ LIMITED TIME OFFER! Instant access to download The Venus Factor, plus receive the complete physical collection http://magichealthy.com/recommends/download-your-beauty What is the shortcut to making real money online? Are you doing affiliate marketing? Let's look the good news here http://magichealthy.com/recommends/good-news
Views: 1224 Natural Medicine
5 Warning Signs of Breast Cancer That Many Women Ignore!
5 Warning Signs of Breast Cancer That Many Women Ignore! According to the American Cancer Society, it is estimated that about 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in American women by the end of 2016, and about 40,450 women will die from breast cancer. The harsh reality is that breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women. About 1 in 8 women in the U.S. will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime. Breast cancer awareness goes far beyond knowing the statistics. It’s about active prevention, and being able to recognize the signs and symptoms of breast cancer, in hopes of catching it early on if it develops. The following five warning signs of breast cancer are ones that many women tend to shrug off, but recognizing them may be vital to saving your life. 1. A New Mole / Change in an Existing Mole While moles are more commonly associated with a higher risk of skin cancer, they may also be linked to breast cancer. In one study, researchers followed 89,902 women ages 40-65 years old, and noted their medical records over a period of 18 years. The number of moles each woman had was documented at the beginning of the study. During the study, 5,956 of the women were diagnosed with breast cancer. Researchers found that the women who had the most moles out of the group had a 13% higher risk of breast cancer than women who had no moles. If you notice a new mole, or any type of change in an existing mole, visit a health care professional. 2. A Cough or Hoarse Throat That Won’t Subside A cancer that starts in one area is known as the primary cancer. If some cancer cells break away from the primary cancer and move on to another part of the body, they can form another tumor, called secondary cancer. Breast cancer can spread to the lungs, and it can be detected by a prolonged cough or hoarseness. Cancer spreads to the lungs in 60-70% of women who become terminally ill from breast cancer. The most common signs are shortness of breath and dry cough. 3. Changes in the Bladder or Bowels Breast cancer can cause hormonal changes that dry out the urethra, and make it difficult to control the bladder. This is known as incontinence, and common signs include leaking urine during activities such as coughing, laughing, sneezing or exercising, experiencing sudden and urgent needs to urinate, and urination that takes longer than usual. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with a health care professional. 4. Fatigue Fatigue is a common symptom in breast cancer patients and survivors, but it’s also often present before diagnosis. Fatigue from cancer is not alleviated by sleep or rest. It’s typically very severe and often associated with high levels of distress, unrelated to amount of exertion. Cancer-related fatigue is often accompanied by other symptoms such as pain, sleep disturbance and depression. Researchers believed this fatigue is caused by an imbalance of chemicals in the body which the cancer creates. 5. Unexplained Back Pain Back pain is a common medical problem — so common that 8 out of 10 people will experience it at some point in lives. Back pain can also be a sign that breast cancer tumors are forming. Back pain associated with breast cancer may feel like pressure on the ribs and spine, or pain in the upper back that feels like it’s coming from the bones. It could also be a sign that breast cancer has spread to the spine. https://youtu.be/0RKGpZzTFc0
Views: 23318 Susana Home Remedies
How to Block Breast Cancer's Estrogen-Producing Enzymes
What happens to hormone levels in women (and men) randomized to drink soymilk? Subscribe to Dr. Greger’s free nutrition newsletter at http://www.nutritionfacts.org/subscribe and get a free excerpt from his latest NYT Bestseller HOW NOT TO DIE. (All proceeds Dr. Greger receives from the sales of his books, DVDs, and speaking engagements go to support the 501c3 nonprofit that runs NutritionFacts.org.) Wait, soy protects against breast cancer? Yes, in study after study after study. Even in women at high risk? See BRCA Breast Cancer Genes and Soy (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/brca-breast-cancer-genes-and-soy/). Even if you already have breast cancer? See Is Soy Healthy for Breast Cancer Survivors? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Is-Soy-Healthy-for-Breast-Cancer-Survivors). Even GMO soy? See GMO Soy and Breast Cancer (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/gmo-soy-and-breast-cancer/). OK, then Who Shouldn’t Eat Soy? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/who-shouldnt-eat-soy). Watch that video too! :) What else can we do to decrease breast cancer risk? See: • Broccoli vs. Breast Cancer Stem Cells (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/broccoli-versus-breast-cancer-stem-cells/) • Flaxseeds & Breast Cancer Prevention (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/flaxseeds-breast-cancer-prevention/) • Breast Cancer vs. Mushrooms (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/breast-cancer-vs-mushrooms/) • Preventing Breast Cancer by Any Greens Necessary (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/preventing-breast-cancer-by-any-greens-necessary/) • Tree Nuts or Peanuts for Breast Cancer Prevention? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/tree-nuts-or-peanuts-for-breast-cancer-prevention/) • Estrogenic Cooked Meat Carcinogens (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/estrogenic-cooked-meat-carcinogens/) • Fiber vs. Breast Cancer (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/fiber-vs-breast-cancer/) • Breast Cancer and Alcohol: How Much Is Safe? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/breast-cancer-and-alcohol-what-much-is-safe/) • Breast Cancer Risk: Red Wine v. White Wine (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/breast-cancer-risk-red-wine-vs-white-wine/) • Cholesterol Feeds Breast Cancer Cells (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Cholesterol-Feeds-Breast-Cancer-Cells) • Which Dietary Factors Affect Breast Cancer Most? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Which-Dietary-Factors-Affect-Breast-Cancer-Most) • Industry Response to Bovine Leukemia Virus in Breast Cancer (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/industry-response-to-bovine-leukemia-virus-in-breast-cancer) • The Role of Bovine Leukemia in Breast Cancer (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/the-role-of-bovine-leukemia-virus-in-breast-cancer) Have a question about this video? Leave it in the comment section at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-to-block-breast-cancers-estrogen-producing-enzymes and someone on the NutritionFacts.org team will try to answer it. Want to get a list of links to all the scientific sources used in this video? Click on Sources Cited at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-to-block-breast-cancers-estrogen-producing-enzymes. You’ll also find a transcript of the video, my blog and speaking tour schedule, and an easy way to search (by translated language even) through our videos spanning more than 2,000 health topics. If you’d rather watch these videos on YouTube, subscribe to my YouTube Channel here: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nutritionfactsorg Thanks for watching. I hope you’ll join in the evidence-based nutrition revolution! -Michael Greger, MD FACLM http://www.NutritionFacts.org • Subscribe: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/subscribe • Donate: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/donate • HOW NOT TO DIE: http://nutritionfacts.org/book • Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NutritionFacts.org • Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/nutrition_facts • Instagram: http://instagram.com/nutrition_facts_org/ • Google+: https://plus.google.com/+NutritionfactsOrgMD • Podcast: http://nutritionfacts.org/audio/
Views: 50746 NutritionFacts.org
How To Reduce Risk Of Pain After Breast Cancer Surgery
Dr. Harness discusses a study from the Dec. 2012 issue of the journal "Pain." The study followed 400 women who underwent breast cancer surgery and doctors recorded their pain level for 6 months after. Watch this video to find out more about the study and what you can do to reduce your risk of pain after breast cancer surgery. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Chances of Developing Lymphedema after Breast Cancer Surgery
Many women facing breast cancer surgery are concerned about lymphedema. Dr. Julie Biller says women who have sentinel lymph node biopsies, where 1-3 lymph nodes are removed, have only a 5% of risk of developing lymphedema. The risk can be even lower when an experienced surgeon does the procedure. Genomic Health is committed to improving the quality of cancer treatment decisions through the research, development and commercialization of genomic-based clinical laboratory services. The company's lead product, the Oncotype DX breast cancer test, has been shown to predict the likelihood of chemotherapy benefit as well as recurrence in invasive breast cancer and has been shown to predict the likelihood of recurrence in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE EXPERT INFORMATION AND BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.youtube.com/user/drjayharness VISIT BREASTCANCERANSWERS.com FOR INFORMATIVE VIDEOS http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/video-categories/ SUBMIT A QUESTION http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask DOWNLOAD DR. HARNESS' 15 QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR DOCTOR http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask CONNECT WITH US! Google+: http://bit.ly/16nhEnr Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BreastCancerAnswers Twitter: https://twitter.com/BreastCancerDr ______ Disclaimer: This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Preventing breast cancer in women at increased risk
A recent Canadian Cancer Society funded study found that the drug exemestane reduces the risk of developing breast cancer by 65 per cent in women with increased risk.
Post-Menopausal Hormones Boost Cancer Risk
The Washington Post reports that a landmark federal study has found that women who take a popular hormone replacement drug after menopause not only increase their chances of getting breast cancer but also seem to face an increased risk of dying from the disease.
Views: 164 theGlobalReport
Estrogen and Breast Cancer: What is the Risk? - Dr. Mache Seibel, Menopause Expert
http://www.DoctorSeibel.com/menopause. JAMA study about the breast cancer risk of estrogen in menopause. Click http://www.doctorseibel.com/free-menopause-ebook/ for FREE How to Take Estrogen eBook. Click Subscribe for more videos. Dr. Mache Seibel's one of the leading voices in medicine, guiding women on how to navigate menopause and what can be a very confusing time in a woman's life and health. Dr. Mache Seibel is the Founder of My Menopause Magazine. You may contact me at mseibelmd@healthrock.com and also check my website http://www.doctorseibel.com
Views: 691 Mache Seibel, MD
Breast Cancer Recurrence: Risk, Therapy and Surveillance
The risk of recurrence for women after early stage breast cancer treatment. Plus, the protective benefits of endocrine and HER-2 therapies; what tests and imaging should be done for surveillance; and how to manage the anxiety of possible recurrence. From Antonio Wolff, M.D., medical oncologist at the Johns Hopkins Sydney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center in Baltimore, MD.
Breast Cancer Risk with Oral Contraceptives
A Danish study suggests that oral contraceptive use may be linked to a 20% increased risk of breast cancer. Learn from the Doctors Vaughan how a 20% increase in risk means 6 out of 7700 women instead of 5 out of 7700 are thought to get breast cancer because of oral contraceptive use. This video originally aired live. Dr. Vaughan responds to comments made by viewers using the chat function at the time of the recording of the video. You can be notified of future live videos as they occur by activating notifications on the Auburn Medical Group YouTube page by clicking on the bell icon. https://www.youtube.com/auburnmedicalgroup Thank you to our patrons on Patreon at the $5 level and higher: BooBoo Kitty Lindsay Graff Petra Rosenberg LeeAnn Vaughan John P. Baugh Lisa Canfield Sharon Calvert Linda D. Watson Don Tom Lehrer Pamela Schramke Rae McDonald Learn how to contribute and get rewards through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/doctorvaughan New videos are posted on Friday, 4 PM, Pacific Time. This video is not intended to diagnose or treat any condition. It is for educational purposes only. It is not a substitute for evaluation by your own doctor. Be sure to subscribe to the Auburn Medical Group YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/c/auburnmedicalgroup?sub_confirmation=1 You can follow Dr. Mark Vaughan on Twitter and Instagram: @doctorvaughan. You can find the Auburn Medical Group on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Auburn-Medical-Group-Inc-102055798325/?fref=ts Please comment and ask questions. Share with your friends who would be interested in seeing this video. To help with correcting transcriptions/captions in any language go to: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?tab=2&c=UCOShHskqTZNneTshYWV14wQ Go to http://www.auburnmedicalgroup.com to learn about primary medical care in Auburn, California. Mailing address: Auburn Medical Group YouTube Channel 3280 Professional Drive Auburn, CA 95602 All patients on our videos give written consent to post videos on YouTube of their office visit and for discussion of their medical condition voluntarily and without coercion.
Views: 1055 Auburn Medical Group
Fertility After Breast Cancer
Reproductive Endocrinologist Dr. Lisa Kolp discusses childbearing after cancer, the risk of infertility, reproductive technologies, associated costs and insurance coverage for specific procedures, and how to work with all of your medical providers to ensure family planning goals are addressed. For more information http://bit.ly/JHBreastCaSurvivorship
Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy for Estrogen Receptor Positive Early Stage Breast Cancer
This video clip will review hormonal therapy options for both pre- and post-menopausal women with estrogen receptor positive, early stage breast cancer. The risks and benefits of Tamoxifen and the Aromatase Inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, exemestane) are discussed.
Views: 3531 Mayo Clinic
Symptoms Of Brest Cancer Everyone Should Know | Common Triggers of Breast Cancer
Symptoms Of Brest Cancer Everyone Should Know | The Common Triggers of Breast Cancer | Symptoms Of Brest Cancer Everyone Should Know | The Common Triggers of Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. 18.2% of all deaths from cancer worldwide including both males and females are from breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide aThe Common Triggers of Breast Cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide and the second-most-common cause of death from cancer. Although the chances of curing breast cancer have risen recently, efforts to prevent occurrence in the first place have been less successful. Around one in eight women in Australia are expected to be diagnosed before the age of 85. Despite the disease being common, different people have very different chances of being diagnosed with breast cancer. Working out this chance for each person guides who will benefit most from ways to reduce risk. These can involve changes in diet and exercise, preventive medications, or even surgery in high-risk cases. We’re aware of many things about a person’s lifestyle or genes that increase the chances of getting breast cancer, but we don’t always understand how these might cause the disease. here are The Common Triggers of Breast Cancer. Hormones. Oestrogen, the predominant female hormone mainly produced by the ovaries, plays a well-known role in breast cancer development and protection. A range of factors that are known to affect a woman’s breast cancer risk (like how many children she has) also affect how much oestrogen she is exposed to throughout life. Oestrogen causes breast development in puberty and during pregnancy helps the breasts develop for breastfeeding. Unfortunately, increased oestrogen over a long time can also cause damage to normal breast cell DNA and cause these damaged cells to multiply, which can start a cancer. Factors that increase lifetime oestrogen exposure and, with that, breast cancer risk, include having no or few children and starting your family at an older age. Going through puberty earlier or menopause later, which both increase a woman’s total number of menstrual cycles, is also linked to higher risk. Women who have more children earlier and breastfeed are at lower risk of breast cancer. Both cause an increase of oestrogen around the pregnancy but then lower levels than normal for many years after. Dairy, meat and vegetables. There is a widespread concern that elements of the modern diet add to breast cancer risk. But the belief that preservatives and pesticides are major contributors has never been confirmed. Similarly, no risk increase has been found for people consuming dairy products. Eating meat appears to cause little or no risk. But the fifth of the population eating the highest levels of red or processed meats. Lifestyle, obesity and stress. Alcohol increases lifetime breast cancer risk by around a tenth per drink per day for the period during which drinking occurs. Active smoking, but not passive smoking, also increases risk by about a fifth – especially in younger women. Caffeine may be mildly protective and chocolate appears safe in moderation. This is provided consumption does not lead to substantial weight gain, as obesity has repeatedly been shown to increase breast cancer occurrence by about a fifth, especially in post-menopausal women. This may be because fatty tissues produce oestrogen. Also, obese women have higher insulin levels, another hormone that can lead to breast cancer. Those developing full diabetes in later life, when insulin levels are usually very high. Genetic factors. It is well known women who inherit faults in particular genes which repair damaged DNA, particularly the BRCA 1 and 2 genes, have a high risk of both breast and ovarian cancer – up to an 80% lifelong risk for breast cancer and 40% for ovarian cancer. Collections of these genetic markers can be tested together in a person’s blood to better predict their breast cancer risk. Given the strength of mammographic density as a risk factor and its prevalence in the population, it is likely to influence breast cancer in a large number of women. Good consumption of vegetables, limiting alcohol, avoiding being substantially overweight, especially after menopause, and getting regular moderate exercise will lower risk. Looking at mammographic density and considering genetic tests, especially in women with a family history, may be valuable and should be discussed with the family doctor. Preventive medication or surgery can be used for those at high risk, usually in consultation with a breast cancer specialist. PLEASE DO SUBSCRIBE TO MY CHANNEL- its free https://bit.ly/2lzAbZ0 Be Friend on FaceBook. https://www.facebook.com/NaturalCuresRemedies1 Twitter. https://twitter.com/CuresRemedies #naturalcuresremedies #breastcancer
Bra for Breast Cancer
Extremely soft zipper pocket sports bra for post surgery cancer patients. http://goo.gl/MUxAQj This video describes this unique benefits of bamboo fabric on your skin for post surgery cancer patients. This bra was custom designed to make you more comfortable after surgery and help the healing process. Women who go through mastectomy or partial mastectomy are faced with discomfort from radiation and incisions. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mastectomy Because of the non-chafing and eco friendly fabric it contains no chemicals or synthetic fibers that are harmful to your skin. My Inspire Wear 6140 S. Gun Club Rd. Aurora, CO 80016 855-467-7797 About us: http://myinspirewear.com/about/ Connect with us on Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/myinspirewear?fref=ts Twitter: Instagram: #breastcancer #mastectomy #zipperbra # Use Coupon Code: 15zip for 15% off: http://goo.gl/MUxAQj
Views: 3943 My Inspire Wear
Why Do Postmenopausal Women Get Breast Cancer?
Early stage breast cancer treatment in postmenopausal women. The vast majority 7 mar 2012 estrogen taken alone is linked to lower breast cancer risk the los angeles that doesn't apply women who have had their uterus removed does contribute an increased of or not? Preventable cases cancer, uk alcohol consumption, reproductive factors older age at menopause what should do if they symptoms but are cancers in these were larger and more likely spread find out facts on hormone therapy cancer! postmenopausal taking progestin, eight will this not appear until hormones been for premenopausal women, was asso ciated with early menarche. Googleusercontent searchtwo main factors are linked with a higher risk of cancer after menopause increased exposure to hormones, such as estrogen, which increases the uterine and breast. While it is often found in women who have developed breast cancer, density cannot so what do you if know that dense breasts? Post menopausal are at a higher risk for cancer development than the most common australian conditions other. Studies of breast cancer have not separated pre menopausal from however, several points do' suggest that it may be unwise, in preliminary. So the more menstrual periods a woman has, longer these tissues are exposed to estrogen. Menopause hormone therapy and breast cancer nwhn. Increased number of ovulations, which increases the risk ovarian cancer during a woman's menstrual cycle, estrogen stimulates uterus and breast tissue. Breast cancer in premenopausal and postmenopausal women 1,2. Breast cancer risk before and after menopause medscape. Breast cancer and oestrogen better health channel. The most important risk factors of breast cancer by moose and doc. Cancer menopause and cancer risk. It is unclear if hrt with estrogen alone, which sometimes prescribed for women who have 4 feb 2016 a breast cancer risk factor anything that increases your of fat tissue the body's main source after menopause, when ovaries do children, breastfeeding may slightly lower their 14 jan 2013 are more likely to develop they've gone through menopause? This new report looks closely at age and its menopause does not cause cancer, but developing as woman postmenopausal than mother or sister higher high levels certain hormones cells in only low dose exposures significantly increase 13 2015 decades, used hormone therapy ease get during fsh lh go up. Menopausal hormone therapy and cancer riskwomen's health concern. Women who start menopause later also may have an increased risk of ovarian cancer, possibly because they had more ovulations introduction women go through in life breast cancer compared to earlier the longer a woman is on hrt diagnosed with. Menopause and cancer risk. The first of these, endocrine therapy, is used in women who have risk recurrence as well new breast cancers, although it does we a whole post on the lifetime cancer and factors that you week 15. Cancer cancer navigating menopause and risk url? Q webcache. Breast
Views: 61 Duck the Question
Can Mammogram Radiation Cause Breast Cancer?
What is the risk-benefit ratio of the cancers picked up by mammograms and the cancers caused by mammograms? Subscribe to Dr. Greger’s free nutrition newsletter at https://www.nutritionfacts.org/subscribe and get a free recipe from his new HOW NOT TO DIE COOKBOOK. (All proceeds Dr. Greger receives from his books, DVDs, and speaking directly support NutritionFacts.org). Here’s some of my videos on radiation exposure from other sources: • Cancer Risk from CT Scan Radiation (https://nutritionfacts.org/video/cancer-risk-from-ct-scan-radiation/) • Does Cell Phone Radiation Cause Cancer? (https://nutritionfacts.org/video/does-cell-phone-radiation-cause-cancer/) • Fukushima & Radioactivity in Seafood (https://nutritionfacts.org/video/fukushima-and-radioactivity-in-seafood/) • Do Dental X-Rays Cause Brain Tumors? (https://nutritionfacts.org/video/do-dental-x-rays-cause-brain-tumors/) We’re halfway through my 14-part series on mammograms. If you missed any previous videos, here they are: • 9 out of 10 Women Misinformed about Mammograms ((http://nutritionfacts.org/video/9-out-of-10-Women-misinformed-about-Mammograms) • Mammogram Recommendations - Why the Conflicting Guidelines (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Mammogram-Recommendations-Why-the-Conflicting-Guidelines) • Should Women Get Mammograms Starting at Age 40? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Should-Women-Get-Mammograms-Starting-at-Age-40) • Do Mammograms Save Lives? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Do-Mammograms-Save-Lives) • Consequences of False-Positive Mammogram Results (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Consequences-of-False-Positive-Mammogram-Results) • Do Mammograms Hurt? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/do-mammograms-hurt) The greatest radiation risk from mammograms is the exposure to radiation treatments for overdiagnosed pseudodisease. I explore that more in my next video. Stay tuned for: • Understanding the Mammogram Paradox (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Understanding-the-Mammogram-Paradox) • Overtreatment of Stage 0 Breast Cancer DCIS (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Overtreatment-of-Stage-0-Breast-Cancer-DCIS) • Women Deserve to Know the Truth About Mammograms (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Women-Deserve-to-Know-the-Truth-About-Mammograms) • Breast Cancer and the 5-Year Survival Rate Myth (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/breast-Cancer-and-the-5-Year-Survival-Rate-Myth) • Why Mammograms Don’t Appear to Save Lives (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Why-Mammograms-Don) • Why Patients Aren’t Informed About Mammograms (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/Why-Patients-Arent-Informed-About-Mammograms) • The Pros and Cons of Mammograms (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/The-Pros-and-Cons-of-Mammograms) Have a question about this video? Leave it in the comment section at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/can-mammogram-radiation-cause-breast-cancer and someone on the NutritionFacts.org team will try to answer it. Want to get a list of links to all the scientific sources used in this video? Click on Sources Cited at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/can-mammogram-radiation-cause-breast-cancer. You’ll also find a transcript and acknowledgments for the video, my blog and speaking tour schedule, and an easy way to search (by translated language even) through our videos spanning more than 2,000 health topics. If you’d rather watch these videos on YouTube, subscribe to my YouTube Channel here: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nutritionfactsorg Thanks for watching. I hope you’ll join in the evidence-based nutrition revolution! -Michael Greger, MD FACLM Captions for this video are available in several languages. To find yours, click on the settings wheel on the lower-right of the video and then "Subtitles/CC." http://www.NutritionFacts.org • Subscribe: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/subscribe • Donate: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/donate • HOW NOT TO DIE: http://nutritionfacts.org/book • Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NutritionFacts.org • Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/nutrition_facts • Instagram: http://instagram.com/nutrition_facts_org/ • Google+: https://plus.google.com/+NutritionfactsOrgMD • Podcast : http://nutritionfacts.org/audio/
Views: 23757 NutritionFacts.org
Breast Cancer Recurrence: It can be a threat to you
We teach you about the types of breast cancer recurrence, why recurrence is a threat to you, and how recurrent breast cancer is treated. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ ____________________________ Questions for your Breast Cancer Doctor: 1. What is my chance of distant metastasis in the next 5 years? 2. What is my chance of local or regional recurrence in 5 to 10 years? 3. What is the chance of a new breast cancer in the next 10 years? TYPES OF BREAST CANCER RECURRENCE: Distant Metastasis: The most important recurrence is distant metastasis. This is when cancer grows back in other organs of the body such the bone, brain, or liver. If this happens, it is a major threat to your life. If you are diagnosed with distant metastasis, it means you have Stage IV cancer. Think of distant metastasis as tiny cells that have spread to other organs before you were initially diagnosed and treated. If these cells survive in those organs despite chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, they can grow larger over time and threaten your life. If someone dies of breast cancer, it is usually due to this type of recurrence. Local or Regional Recurrence: Local or regional recurrence is when the cancer grows back in the breast, the skin, or the regional lymph nodes after surgery, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, or radiation.  It is a serious threat, but less so than distant metastasis. Usually more surgery, chemotherapy, and possibly radiation therapy is needed when cancer recurs locally or regionally. These can be very challenging problems for your breast cancer team. You benefit most when you have a multidisciplinary team of specialists working together to determine the best approach to your breast cancer recurrence. Entirely New Breast Cancer: (not a true recurrence) Most patients use the term “recurrence” when referring to the chance of developing a completely new breast cancer in the future. A new cancer is not a true “recurrence.” It is really a new problem and not a reflection of your prior breast cancer coming back. Your initial breast cancer treatment choices can lessen the chance of developing a recurrent breast cancer. If you have a mastectomy rather than a lumpectomy/radiation your chance of local recurrence in the same breast is less. Taking hormonal therapy (anti-estrogen medications) has a “good side effect” of lessening your risk of developing new breast cancer in either breast after a lumpectomy. In general, a new breast cancer is less threatening than local or regional recurrence or distant metastasis. Why is recurrence so life-threatening? An early stage breast cancer is usually removed with surgery, and often requires radiation, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy. If cancer grows back in the breast, the lymph nodes, or in other parts of the body, it means that some of the original breast cancer cells survived the initial treatment. Think of “recurrent cancer cells” as more resistant, aggressive cells. They require more aggressive surgery and usually chemotherapy when they recur. A recurrent breast cancer is often considered more threatening than the original breast cancer situation years before. This is why we strongly recommend a team approach to breast cancer recurrence to make sure no stone is left unturned in deciding your treatment options. Common Scenarios about Recurrence: “I have a favorable, early stage (I or II) breast cancer and will be treated with a lumpectomy, radiation, and hormonal therapy. What is my chance of recurrence?” The risk of distant metastasis is 5 to 15 percent over 5 - 10 years. Local or regional recurrence occurs in about 5 to 10 percent of patients over 5 years. A new breast cancer can develop at a rate of about one-half a percent a year. “What is my risk of recurrence when choosing between a mastectomy or a lumpectomy for a small, early stage breast cancer?” The risk of distant metastasis and death are exactly the same at 10 years. The risk of local or regional recurrence is slightly higher for patients with a lumpectomy (5-8% over 10 years) when compared with a mastectomy (3% over 10 years).  If this occurs, you will need a surgery to remove the recurrent cancer and possibly more treatment like chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, or radiation. When all's said and done, the same number of women are alive and cancer free if they have a lumpectomy (and radiation) or a mastectomy (without radiation) for early stage breast cancer. The risk of an entirely new breast cancer is slightly higher if one preserves their breast with a lumpectomy and radiation versus removal of the breast with a mastectomy. This is solely because there is more breast tissue remaining after a lumpectomy.
Breast Pain - This Breast Cancer Symptoms and Causes of the Tender Breasts Women Disease
Breast pain is breast cancer symptoms. It has tender breasts and cause. It is able to arise for a number of reasons. Commonly, #BreastPain isn't a signal of breast most cancers. Even though many ladies with an ache in a single or both breasts can be involved that it's far breast most cancers. Know detail subscribe this channel: https://goo.gl/gQL0cj Many ladies worry that breast pain may be a signal of a critical scenario which includes breast most cancers, however, cache thru itself is rarely a signal of maximum cancers. Now we will discuss breast pain. Remember; don’t forget to subscribe this channel to get a future update. Causes of Breast Pain: There are a number of innocent causes for breast pain and tenderness that could greater often than no longer be associated with changes in hormone tiers. • Puberty in girls and occasionally for boys, too. • Menstruation and premenstrual syndrome. • Being pregnant - greater regularly in the course of the first trimester. • Days following childbirth as milk are to be had breastfeeding mastitis, which is due to a milk duct that isn't always properly draining and becomes infected, want to be dealt with. • Menopause. Some girls have lumpy breast tissue called fibrocystic breasts, which may be greater painful sooner or later of sure instances of the month. Fibrocystic breasts are not always related to maximum cancers, and the lumps are fluid-filled cysts in the desire to a mass of cells. Fibrocystic breast adjustments also are a commonplace purpose of breast pain. Fibrocystic breast tissue contains lumps that have a tendency to be tendered definitely earlier than your menstrual period. Source: 1. http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-pain 2. http://newswebbd.com/breast-cancer-causes-symptoms-treatment/ Watch More: 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NmUaZtojA5M 2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XMvkRUjhlO8 #################################### This Youtube channel associated with a website. You can visit this website and can know more detail about your asking topic. Website: http://newswebbd.com ************************************ There is the all social profile link of this Youtube channel. You can visit and stay with us. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/newswebbd/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/newswebbd24 Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/+MotasimBillah Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/newswebbd/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/user/NewsWebBD
Views: 61292 Sumon Info Point
AACR 2010: Preventive treatment for breast cancer
Dr Judy Garber, of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, USA, talks about the STAR trial, which looked at tamoxifen versus raloxifene as preventive treatment to lower breast cancer risk in high risk post-menopausal women. Speaking at the 2010 annual AACR conference.
Views: 285 ecancer
Alcohol and Breast Cancer
Dr. Ellen Zakris, Touro Oncologist, discusses how alcohol consumption increases the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women.
Views: 160 Touro Infirmary
Postmenopausal women who lose weight may have reduced breast cancer risk
Prof Rowan Chlebowski speaks at a SABCS 2017 press session about how postmenopausal women who lose weight may have reduced breast cancer risk. Chlebowski and colleagues analyzed data from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study. This program tracks the health of postmenopausal women between the ages of 50 and 79. Participants who had a normal mammogram, no prior breast cancer, and were not underweight (BMI ≥ 18.5) were eligible for enrollment in Chlebowski’s study. Measurements for height and weight were obtained upon enrollment, and measurements were reassessed three years following. At baseline, 41 percent of women were normal weight, 34 percent were overweight, and 25 percent were obese. Of the 61,335 patients enrolled in Chlebowski’s study, 3,061 developed invasive breast cancer during an average of 11.4 years of follow-up. Compared to women with stable weight, those who lost weight (≥ 5 percent weight change) were 12 percent less likely to develop breast cancer following multivariable analysis.
Views: 60 ecancer
Study: Post-Menopausal Hormone Therapy Increases Cancer Risk
Read the Transcript: http://to.pbs.org/90yiHh A new study shows women who use post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy are at a greater risk of getting aggressive cancers than those who don't. Gwen Ifill gets perspectives on the risks from the lead author of the study Dr. Rowan Chlebowski and Dr. Julie Gralow of The Seattle Cancer Care Alliance.
Views: 3020 PBS NewsHour
Anastrozole duration for post-menopausal breast cancer patients after 5 years of endocrine therapy
Prof Michael Gnant speaks with ecancer at SABCS 2017 to discuss the outcomes of a multi-centre phase III randomised trial of 2 or 5 years of anastrozole for post-menopausal breast cancer patients after 5 years of endocrine therapy. He describes the near-identical outcomes of patients in terms of disease free survival and overall survival, and notes the improved treatment adherence and reduced risk of bone fractures in women receiving the shorter course.
Views: 51 ecancer
Report Identifies Obesity, Hormones as Major Breast Cancer Risks
A new medical report cautions women that obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, overexposure to medical X-rays and hormone treatments during menopause can raise their risk of developing breast cancer. But critics say the report fails to emphasize the cancer-causing impact of many industrial chemicals and environmental pollutants - factors they believe could pose greater breast-cancer risks to women than their lifestyle choices.
Views: 225 VOA News
Exercises After Breast Cancer Surgery
Learn about the exercises you should do after breast cancer surgery from Cancer Research UK.  This video shows you how to do shoulder shrugs and shoulder circles during the first week after surgery and goes on to show you arm exercises for the second week and beyond. These exercises help you regain normal movement so you can maintain your usual routine, have radiotherapy and prevent problems in the future. Find more information on the Cancer Research UK website: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/treatment/surgery/after-surgery
Views: 59711 Cancer Research UK
Estrogen Elimination Problem Must Be Fixed or Female Cancer Risk Increases
Estrogen Metabolism is a critical component to Your RISK of Breast Cancer. Poor Detoxification and Leaky Gut are big problems for Women and their future risks! In this Video, I'm going to help this Lovely Lady reduce that risk. Every woman needs to watch this video!
Views: 157 Karen Leggett D.O.
Breast Cancer Risk Factors
Jane Pettinga, MD, Holland Hospital - Breast Surgical Services talks about Risk Factors for Breast Cancer. Holland Hospital Comprehensive Breast Services brings together advanced technology and expert care to offer high quality breast health services close to home. Learn more: http://www.hollandhospital.org/breast/breast.aspx
Views: 1908 Holland Hospital
What are the breast conditions that increase Breast Cancer risk? - Dr. Nanda Rajaneesh
Breast cancer has many risk factors. These risk factors include avoidable and unavoidable risk factors. Unavoidable risk factors includes being a woman itself and the size of the breast, and age of the women, and these risk factors cannot be avoided. We all used to think that breast cancer is due to the genetic factors, yes, the breast cancer is due to the change in the genes in the breast epithelial cells on the lobules and the ducts. This gene change can be present from the birth, that is only in 15% of the people, this is BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 gene being positive, it is only 15%. So 85%of the cases happen in a genetic change in the breast happens in a quiet condition because of many predisposing factors.so deficiency of Vitamin D itself is a very high risk factor. Smoking, alcoholism, eating foods which contain a lot of toxins and oxidants in the diet, which can increase the breast cancer risk. Infection in the breast itself is a high risk factor. Also these risk factor increases the exposure of the breast to the estrogen that’s why pregnancy is known to give protection by exposure to progesterone alone for 9 months. So pregnancy is known to be one of the protective factors for breast cancer. So being a nulliparous woman, is a high risk for breast cancer. There is a condition called as the fibrocystic disease of the breast with fibroadenoma. At one point of time we used to think that it is not related to breast cancer, but now it is considered to be one of the high risk breast for breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Rates/Recurrence and Vitamin D
http://AskDrYou.com/BreastCancerSurvival There's mounting evidence that vitamin D from sunlight and fish oil may actually reduce the incidence of certain cancers, such as breast cancer. Today, I'll give you highlights from three major studies released over the past 2 and a half years. The first is was published in 2009 by Carcinogenisis, a medical journal. It concluded that the anti-cancer properties of vitamin D might be rooted in the fact the vitamin D influences cell growth, cell differentiation and the normal cycles of cell death. It also recognized that the anti-cancer properties of vitamin D may be due to its ability to counteract the growth-promoting effect of estrogens. The largest amount of vitamin D is produced by our own body, with the help of the sun. Unfortunately, many North Americans do not get enough exposure to sunlight for optimum health. A second study was conducted by researchers from the University of South Carolina. This group measured vitamin D levels in 107 women who had survived breast cancer up to the 5 year mark. Vitamin D deficiency was found to be widespread among the participants. They also noted a significant correlation with triple-negative breast cancer. In fact, triple-negative breast cancer was eight times more common in women with vitamin D deficiency than women with adequate levels of Vitamin D. The third major study on Vitamin D and cancer was a significantly larger study conducted in France. INSERM (Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale) studied 67,721 post-menopausal French women for over a decade. The results showed undeniable evidence that while taking higher amounts of Vitamin D through food and supplements does play a role in reducing the risk of breast cancer, it is the addition of adequate and regular direct exposure to the sun that substantially lowers the risk even more. They noted that women living in the sunniest parts of southern France, such as Provence, demonstrated approximately half the risk of breast cancer as women who lived in less sunny areas, such as Paris. Even in women with low vitamin D intake, if they got lots of sunshine, they had a 32 percent lower risk of breast cancer than women living in less sunny areas. They also correlated that women with the highest vitamin D in their diets plus had regular, generous sun exposure had the most protection from developing breast cancer. Their research paper, which was just published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, summed up the study by saying that a minimum threshold of vitamin D obtained from both sunshine and food sources is "required to prevent breast cancer and this threshold is particularly difficult to reach in postmenopausal women at northern latitudes where quality of sunlight is too poor for adequate vitamin D production." Here is my conclusion from all this: We revolve around the sun for a reason. It is the source of all life on earth. So why would we deny any new revelation about its connection to our biological processes for survival. l would suspect that if there were a way to test every woman across North America that we'd see a widespread deficiency in Vitamin D, especially in northern climes just as in the recent French study. I have this sudden urge for a spoonful of that cod liver oil my Mom used to give to me as a kid. It could become the taste that women, and men, love to hate.
Views: 2800 DawnRamari
What Is The Risk Of Breast Cancer In Females?
Learn about the risk factors for breast cancer, which may include gender and age. Concerned about breast cancer? Understand your risk. This is a risk of less than 1 percent breast cancer the most common in uk. There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer. Breast cancer risk factors age, family history, others breast that you can change moose and doc. By the time a lump in younger woman's breast can be felt, cancer may advanced 17 nov 2010 'what's my risk of cancer? ' is question many women ask their doctors. Causes of breast cancer national foundation. Factors that modify breast cancer risk in women uptodate. But there are things you can do that might lower your risk, such as changing risk factors under the strongest factor for breast cancer is age. Breastcancer breastcancer symptoms understand_bc risk understanding url? Q webcache. Breast cancer am i at risk? care. As with all types of cancer, having a risk factor does not mean you will get gender being femalefamily and genetic history breast cancer we have whole post on the lifetime factors that can 4 apr 2016 main influence your include woman getting older. The majority of breast cancers (81. Breast cancer in young women webmd. 11 may 2016 absolute risk also can be stated as a percentage. Breast cancer young women yapstuff risk of developing breast. Risk factors get the free healthy living and personal risk guide to help you protect your overall having a factor does not mean that woman will breast cancer of developing increases with age. In 8 women the uk develop breast cancer during their lifetime. Googleusercontent search. The table below the time periods are based on woman's current age. The risk of breast cancer, however, is not the same for all women in a given age group so, 1 year absolute cancer 30 34 old woman 25 per 100,000 (or 4,000 women). The condition is most common among women over 50 who have been through the menopause occurs when a woman's ovaries stop releasing eggs. Breast cancer risk in american women national institutekomen. For example 10 nov 2015 learn more from webmd about breast cancer in younger women, has been linked to a higher risk of development. Most breast cancers are found in women who 50 years 14 dec 2015 the risk of getting cancer increases with age. Although one in nine women will eventually develop breast cancer, this is a cumulative risk estimate, with half of woman's occurring af 27 jul 2015 topic review discusses the individual factors that increase or decrease developing cancer. Breast cancer young women yapstuff. The lifetime risk of a woman developing breast cancer is 1 in 8. Hormones, such as estrogen, which increases the risk of uterine cancer and breast. Doctors have tools to help estimate a woman's personal risk it is by far the most common cancer in women. When we say that 1 in 8 women the united states, or 12. A woman's risk of developing this disease increases as she gets older. Risk of developing breast cancer risk and prevention american s
Role of Preventive Surgery for Women at High Risk of Breast and Ovarian Cancer Reviewed
In a review article published in the Feb. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a pair of Mayo Clinic Cancer Center researchers provide an in-depth look at the issues associated with the care of women in families with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome who have not yet developed cancer themselves. The article addresses optimal risk assessment for breast and ovarian cancers, the usefulness of risk-reducing surgery, side effects of these procedures, alternative strategies for cancer prevention and the best ways to help with the decision-making process. “Women whose families have been marked by excess breast and ovarian cancer are at higher risk of developing those diseases over their lifetime,” says lead author and Mayo Clinic oncologist Lynn Hartmann, M.D. “Although these women can reduce their risk considerably through preventive mastectomies and or the removal of their fallopian tubes and ovaries, these procedures come with their own complications and psychosocial effects.” In the article Dr. Hartmann and co-author, Noralane Lindor, M.D., a pathologist and genetics expert, argue for greater support for women grappling with complex and emotionally charged decisions, and more research to devise improved treatment approaches for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome.
Views: 543 Mayo Clinic
Donna Williams - living breastless after breast cancer
Women having mastectomy are generally presumed to want to have reconstruction or at least breast prostheses. I was a 14C, rather medium sized in the breast department. But I chose to have neither, go 6 months as a one breasted woman before my 2nd mastectomy and explore ways of living confidently and femininely with my mastectomied chest. Here I demonstrate how I went about doing some of that. I hope others find it useful. For more on women who choose to go breast free visit: http://breastfree.org/ for more on my own story visit my website: http://www.donnawilliams.net all the best with your own journeys. UPDATE: 2016, 5 years since breast cancer, still no recurrence, no mets WOULD YOU LIKE TO TRANSCRIBE THIS VIDEO SO IT'S ACCESSIBLE TO THE DEAF COMMUNITY? If you transcribe it, send me the transcript to bookings@donnawilliams.net and I'll add it to the video. Polly Samuel (aka 'Donna Williams') Author, artist, singer-songwriter, screenwriter. Autism consultant and public speaker. http://www.donnawilliams.net