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Slavery - Crash Course US History #13
 
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In which John Green teaches you about America's "peculiar institution," slavery. I wouldn't really call it peculiar. I'd lean more toward horrifying and depressing institution, but nobody asked me. John will talk about what life was like for a slave in the 19th century United States, and how slaves resisted oppression, to the degree that was possible. We'll hear about cotton plantations, violent punishment of slaves, day to day slave life, and slave rebellions. Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, and Whipped Peter all make an appearance. Slavery as an institution is arguably the darkest part of America's history, and we're still dealing with its aftermath 150 years after it ended. Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. Memoirs from former slaves like abolitionist Frederick Douglass provide insightful context on the harsh realities of slavery: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-narrative-of-the-life-of-frederick-douglass-excerpt-from-chapter-1 Others resisted the violence of slavery through open rebellion, like Nat Turner: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/nat-turner-s-slave-revolt Abolitionists and free slaves alike had to fight against unfair laws such as the Fugitive Slave Act: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/fugitive-slave-act-of-1793
Views: 2728791 CrashCourse
SLAVERY: The Last 10 Countries To Abolish This Primal Activity
 
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Thank you my friends for suporting me by like comment share and subscribe. The last 10 countries to abolish slavery: 10-Ethiopian Empire 1935 9- Northern Nigeria 1936 8- Qatar 1952 7- Bhutan 1958 6- Niger 1960 5- Saudi Arabia 1962 4- Yemen 1962 3- United Arab Emirates 1964 2- Oman 1970 1- Mauritania 1981 Cronology of Abolitions: https://goo.gl/utQpce Walkfree official site: https://www.walkfree.org/ Fifteen Ways You Can Help Combat Human Trafficking: https://goo.gl/AnwfE7 Copyright:© Brandenburg Concerto No4-1 BWV1049 - Classical Whimsical by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100303 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 592 Chafik Najahi
The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard
 
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Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-atlantic-slave-trade-what-your-textbook-never-told-you-anthony-hazard Slavery has occurred in many forms throughout the world, but the Atlantic slave trade -- which forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans to the Americas -- stands out for both its global scale and its lasting legacy. Anthony Hazard discusses the historical, economic and personal impact of this massive historical injustice. Lesson by Anthony Hazard, animation by NEIGHBOR.
Views: 3886092 TED-Ed
FLE 4th Grade Social Studies: Underground Railroad (Slavery & Abolition)
 
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FLE 4th Grade Social Studies: Underground Railroad (Slavery & Abolition). Forest Lake Elementary (Columbia, SC) Teacher/Student created video using artwork from Smithsonian's National Museum of African-American History and Culture, student/teacher created text, with music "Gang of Rhythm" from Walk Off the Earth's 2013 Album R.E.V.O. http://nmaahc.si.edu/Collections http://www.walkofftheearth.com/home ** This presentation was created for educational use, and we do not possess copyright to images or music unless they are created by our class.** http://fle4thgrade-research.weebly.com/
Reconstruction: Part I - APUSH & US History EOC
 
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This PowerPoint, with activities, and lesson plans are available @ https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Mr-Raymond-Civics-And-Social-Studies-Academy This lesson teaches students about the Reconstruction Era following the Civil War. This is Part I of a two-part lesson. Included in this lesson: • Review: Sectionalism, Southern destruction during the Civil War • What is/was Reconstruction? Process & an era, integration of the freed slave population, reintegration and transformation of the former Confederate states and the post-war Southern economy • When was Reconstruction? 1865 – 1877? Civil Rights Era? Still taking place? • The 13th Amendment – abolished slavery • Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty & Reconstruction • Lincoln’s 10% Plan – loyalty oath and pardons • Review: Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Address – “with malice toward none, and charity for all” • Differing visions: The President vs. Congress • Wade-Davis Bill: 50% loyalty oath, Lincoln’s pocket veto • Lincoln’s Assassination: What Might Have Been? • Andrew Johnson: Southern-Democrat, unionist, why he was on the ticket, keeps Lincoln’s 10% Plan, initial optimism from the Radicals, Johnson’s pardons, quick restoration of Southern states, racist views • Presidential Reconstruction • Provisional governments & the election for former Confederates, Alexander Stephens elected to Congress • The Black Codes – denying Freedmen rights, travel passes, ban on owning or renting property, vagrancy laws, labor contracts, voting rights, jury participation • Freedmen’s Bureau: problems, lack of funding & federal backing, success – education • Land: Sherman’s Field Order 15 – “Forty Acres & A Mule” • Sharecropping: issues, debt • Election of 1866: more than a 2/3rds majority for the Republicans, “waving the bloody shirt” • Civil Rights Act of 1866 • Congressional Reconstruction • 14th Amendment: Citizenship (overturning Dred Scott), due process, Confederate political participation, incorporation of the Bill of Rights, “equal protection under the law” (still used today) • Military Reconstruction Act of 1867: divided the South into 5 zones – “martial law,” ratify the 14th Amendment, provide male suffrage, readmission, abolished provisional government • Johnson’s vetoes and Congressional overrides • Tenure of Office Act • Johnson’s Impeachment • Review Like most of the videos on Mr. Raymond’s Social Studies Academy’s lessons, this video ends with a review “quiz.” Remember that the PowerPoint in this video as well as a variety of lesson plans, worksheets, smartboard files, and activities, are available at Teachers Pay Teachers. As a social studies teacher, I have often looked for good YouTube video clips to show my students. I hope these videos will serve as a supplement to lessons for social studies teachers, US history teachers, and their students. This series is also made for students taking the APUSH – A.P. U.S. History Exam, and State U.S. History E.O.C. exams, like Florida’s U.S. History E.O.C. All content in this video is for educational purposes only… ***For noncommercial, educational, and archival purposes under Law of Fair Use as provided in section 107 of the US copyright law. No copyrights infringements intended*** APUSH: Key Concept 5.3: The Union victory… and the contested reconstruction of the South settled the issues of slavery and secession, but left unresolved many questions about the power of the federal government and citizenship rights. APUSH: II.A: The 13th Amendment abolished slavery, while the 14th and 15th amendments granted African Americans citizenship, equal protection under the laws, and voting rights. Florida U.S. History E.O.C: SS.912.A.2.6 Compare the effects of the Black Codes and the sharecropping system and debt peonage as practiced in the United States. Texas STAAR 8.9: History. The student understands the effects of Reconstruction on the political, economic, and social life of the nation.
10 Lies You’re Told About American Slavery
 
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Slavery remains one of the most uncomfortable subjects in the history of the United States of America. Indeed, it can hardly be relegated to being only American “history” as we’ll soon see in greater depth. There are large groups of historical revisionists that have a vested interest in trying to downplay it or reshape it in a way that’s more comfortable for their agendas. There are also some people that have grown up with overly simplistic versions of slavery in the past and its current state. We here at TopTenz will strive do our small part to push back against both. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to admin@toptenz.net Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 TERRIFYING Facts About MAORI WARRIORS https://youtu.be/V-5-1ffAe9w?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnJxUxVB7_iVyUoudkWy59vW Top 10 Toughest VIKING WARRIORS https://youtu.be/dmsC4T7UiNY?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnJxUxVB7_iVyUoudkWy59vW Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-lies-youre-told-american-slavery.php Coming up: 10. “Abolitionism was a Popular Northern Movement” 9. “The American Civil War was Not About Slavery” 8. “Slaves Fought for the Confederacy” 7. “Slaves were Rarely Killed by Labor” 6. “Freed Slaves Took Control of Southern Governments After the American Civil War” 5. “Slaves Were Only Owned by the Wealthiest” 4. “Even if the South Won the Civil War, Slavery Would Have Ended Shortly After” 3. “The First Slaves in America Were White People!” 2. “Slavery was a Southern Problem” 1. “Slavery is Illegal in America” Source/Further reading: https://youtu.be/2d2_zeJTJcw https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/01/30/was-abolitionism-a-failure/?_r=0 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2967.html http://www.thedailybeast.com/the-myth-of-the-black-confederate-soldier https://youtu.be/W6QAqU2KpaY http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/history.htm https://youtu.be/R4v_yRFf4-Y https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-reconstruction/2016/01/21/0719b324-bfc5-11e5-83d4-42e3bceea902_story.html?utm_term=.aa5e5e98ed29 https://www.nps.gov/fosu/learn/education/upload/Money-Civil-War-Activity.pdf https://www.civilwar.org/learn/articles/slavery-united-states http://www.snopes.com/irish-slaves-early-america/ http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/freedom/history.html https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/13thamendment.html https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/First_at_Vicksburg.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Black_soldier_in_Union_Army_Sergeant_uniform_1864.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/Emancipation_Proclamation.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Battle_of_Spottsylvania_by_Thure_de_Thulstrup.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Civil-war-021.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Mississippi_Declaration_and_Ordinance_of_Secession.djvu/page5-2455px-Mississippi_Declaration_and_Ordinance_of_Secession.djvu.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/Kurz_and_Allison_-_Battle_of_Franklin%2C_November_30%2C_1864.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/Black_Confed-1.JPG https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/The_Leading_Facts_of_American_History_%281910%29_-_The_First_Negro_Slaves_Brought_to_Virginia.png https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6QAqU2KpaY https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/AntiSlavery_Engraving_from_the_American_Anti-Slavery_Almanac.jpg https://i.pinimg.com/736x/f9/f7/86/f9f786c8d6134d28ee314e2a0fdf9518--cemetery-monuments-cemetery-art.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=74&v=R4v_yRFf4-Y https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/First_Colored_Senator_and_Representatives.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/09/Henry-smith-2-1-1893-paris-tx-2.jpg
Views: 1513579 TopTenz
Slavery in America (Class)
 
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00:26 DISCUSSION - Human Trafficking 02:45 VIDEO - Human Trafficking 05:58 CONNECTION - Slavery during the 1800s 07:08 PREZI! - The Peculiar Institution 12:03 PICTURE - Slave auctioning 16:18 MAP - Slave populations 28:22 COMPARISON - Slavery vs. Abolition 34:07 JIGSAW - Introduction to Group Activity 36:35 GROUPWORK - Expert groups 41:40 GROUPWORK - Home groups Students learn about Slaver in American during the 1800s. Presentation slideshow was created with Prezi!
Views: 676 Austin Olney
Introduction of Slavery Explained for Kids
 
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Website - https://historyillustrated.org Subscribe - http://bit.ly/1rBK2hV
Views: 70230 History Illustrated
Slave Triangle
 
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60 second histories brings you a description of the Slave Triangle. There are lots more 60 second clips in the English Civil War series, as well as other popular history topics at www.60secondhistories.co.uk Supporting teachers and educators with FILMS, LESSON PLANS & SAFE SHARING
Views: 18147 60 Second Histories
Slavery and Missouri Compromise in early 1800s | US History | Khan Academy
 
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US History Fellow Kim Kutz explains how slavery was an issue at the birth of the United States and how the issue became more and more central as the country expanded. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/civil-war-era/slavery-and-the-civil-war/v/increasing-political-battles-over-slavery-in-mid-1800s?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=UShistory Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/road-to-revolution/declaration-of-independence/v/birth-of-the-us-constitution?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=UShistory US history on Khan Academy: From a mosquito-ridden backwater to the world's last remaining superpower, the United States of America is a nation with a rich history and a noble goal: government of the people, by the people, for the people. Its citizens' struggle to achieve that goal is a dramatic story stretching over hundreds of years. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s US History channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCurOvzSAIe84sW8zwPGHUHg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 77389 Khan Academy
The Atlantic Slave Trade: Crash Course World History #24
 
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In which John Green teaches you about one of the least funny subjects in history: slavery. John investigates when and where slavery originated, how it changed over the centuries, and how Europeans and colonists in the Americas arrived at the idea that people could own other people based on skin color. Slavery has existed as long as humans have had civilization, but the Atlantic Slave Trade was the height, or depth, of dehumanizing, brutal, chattel slavery. American slavery ended less than 150 years ago. In some parts of the world, it is still going on. So how do we reconcile that with modern life? In a desperate attempt at comic relief, Boba Fett makes an appearance. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Resources: Inhuman Bondage by David Brion Davis: http://dft.ba/-inhumanbondage Up From Slavery by Booker T Washington: http://dft.ba/-upfromslavery Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2823325 CrashCourse
Lesson Plan, section 4-6 Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
 
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Recorded with http://screencast-o-matic.com
Views: 62 Courtney Story
What can You do to end slavery?
 
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There is a place for everyone in ending modern day slavery/human trafficking. Video by Heidi Segal, a Not For Sale TN volunteer who used her skills to contribute to the cause by creating this piece. Start your abolitionist activity by passing it on to those in your sphere of influence.
Views: 607 Derri Smith
America the Story of Us: Frederick Douglass | History
 
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Being a slave who had successfully escaped, Frederick Douglass was able to communicate the plight of slaves as no one else cold. Own America: The Story of Us on DVD or Blu-ray! http://www.shophistorystore.com/ HISTORY®, now reaching more than 98 million homes, is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, epic miniseries, and scripted event programming. Visit us at HISTORY.com for more info.
Views: 102994 HISTORY
Gam's EXIT activity
 
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My campaign against human trafficking and exploitation on 4 Dec 2013 at Khon Kaen Bus Terminal. MTV EXIT, OSCC, Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, and I run this activity in order to raise an awareness about hunan trafficking on The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, 2 December.
Views: 46 Chanyanut Arkomsin
Dolley Madison and Slavery by Dr. Catherine Allgor
 
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This short video presents Dolley Madison as a typical member of the antebellum slave holding gentry. Dolley, like her southern contemporaries, saw slaves as property. Dr. Catherine Allgor notes that when Dolley Madison began selling her slaves in the 1840’s, she was strongly criticized by the abolitionist press. American History Videos are sponsored by the James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation. These videos are offered to help teachers, students and the general public learn more about America's founding and the Constitution of the United States. www.jamesmadison.gov.
The Inconvenient Truth About the Democratic Party
 
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Did you know that the Democratic Party defended slavery, started the Civil War, founded the KKK, and fought against every major civil rights act in U.S. history? Watch as Carol Swain, professor of political science at Vanderbilt University, shares the inconvenient history of the Democratic Party. Donate today to PragerU! http://l.prageru.com/2ylo1Yt Follow Carol Swain on Twitter! https://twitter.com/carolmswain Follow Carol Swain on Facebook! https://www.facebook.com/profcarolmswain/ Joining PragerU is free! Sign up now to get all our videos as soon as they're released. http://prageru.com/signup Download Pragerpedia on your iPhone or Android! Thousands of sources and facts at your fingertips. iPhone: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsnbG Android: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsS5e Join Prager United to get new swag every quarter, exclusive early access to our videos, and an annual TownHall phone call with Dennis Prager! http://l.prageru.com/2c9n6ys Join PragerU's text list to have these videos, free merchandise giveaways and breaking announcements sent directly to your phone! https://optin.mobiniti.com/prageru Do you shop on Amazon? Click https://smile.amazon.com and a percentage of every Amazon purchase will be donated to PragerU. Same great products. Same low price. Shopping made meaningful. VISIT PragerU! https://www.prageru.com FOLLOW us! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/prageru Twitter: https://twitter.com/prageru Instagram: https://instagram.com/prageru/ PragerU is on Snapchat! JOIN PragerFORCE! For Students: http://l.prageru.com/29SgPaX JOIN our Educators Network! http://l.prageru.com/2c8vsff Script: When you think about racial equality and civil rights, which political party comes to mind? The Republicans? Or, the Democrats? Most people would probably say the Democrats. But this answer is incorrect. Since its founding in 1829, the Democratic Party has fought against every major civil rights initiative, and has a long history of discrimination. The Democratic Party defended slavery, started the Civil War, opposed Reconstruction, founded the Ku Klux Klan, imposed segregation, perpetrated lynchings, and fought against the civil rights acts of the 1950s and 1960s. In contrast, the Republican Party was founded in 1854 as an anti-slavery party. Its mission was to stop the spread of slavery into the new western territories with the aim of abolishing it entirely. This effort, however, was dealt a major blow by the Supreme Court. In the 1857 case Dred Scott v. Sandford, the court ruled that slaves aren’t citizens; they’re property. The seven justices who voted in favor of slavery? All Democrats. The two justices who dissented? Both Republicans. The slavery question was, of course, ultimately resolved by a bloody civil war. The commander-in-chief during that war was the first Republican President, Abraham Lincoln – the man who freed the slaves. Six days after the Confederate army surrendered, John Wilkes Booth, a Democrat, assassinated President Lincoln. Lincoln’s vice president, a Democrat named Andrew Johnson, assumed the presidency. But Johnson adamantly opposed Lincoln’s plan to integrate the newly freed slaves into the South’s economic and social order. Johnson and the Democratic Party were unified in their opposition to the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery; the 14th Amendment, which gave blacks citizenship; and the 15th Amendment, which gave blacks the vote. All three passed only because of universal Republican support. During the era of Reconstruction, federal troops stationed in the south helped secure rights for the newly freed slaves. Hundreds of black men were elected to southern state legislatures as Republicans, and 22 black Republicans served in the US Congress by 1900. The Democrats did not elect a black man to Congress until 1935. But after Reconstruction ended, when the federal troops went home, Democrats roared back into power in the South. They quickly reestablished white supremacy across the region with measures like black codes – laws that restricted the ability of blacks to own property and run businesses. And they imposed poll taxes and literacy tests, used to subvert the black citizen’s right to vote. And how was all of this enforced? By terror -- much of it instigated by the Ku Klux Klan, founded by a Democrat, Nathan Bedford Forrest. As historian Eric Foner - himself a Democrat - notes: “In effect, the Klan was a military force serving the interests of the Democratic Party.” For the complete script, visit https://www.prageru.com/videos/inconvenient-truth-about-democratic-party
Views: 4554450 PragerU
Human trafficking: 21st century slavery
 
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Today we talk about 21-Century slavery. On December 2 the international community observes International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. Despite centuries of prohibition, the shameful activity still exists. There's even a disturbing rise in contemporary forms of slavery, such as human trafficking and the sale of babies on the internet. How could the global economic crisis influence this alarming situation? What should be done to prevent it? Well be talking about it with - Alberto Andreani, Project Coordinator with the IOM, and IOM Goodwill envoy - pop singer Valeria.
Views: 8441 RT
Concept of Slavery in Islam_Sheikh Assim Al Hakim
 
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A short clip explaining about concept of slavery in islam. And some Big questions like "should Muslims be ashamed of it?" Does Islam promote Slavery? By: Sheikh Assim Al Hakim in the IRF Peace TV Workshop "Umdatul Ahkaam". About: Assim Al Hakeem Nationality: Saudi Arabian Birth Date: November 23, 1962 Marital Status: Married Address: Al Faisaliyah District --Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Tel. +966 505 64 65 94 Email: assimh@hotmail.com / assim@huda.tv Experience & Achievements: June 14, 2008 till today: Sami Rock Co. -- HR & PR Director 2002 to June 11, 2008: Saudi Amiantit Co -- Public Relations Manager. 2001 to 2002: Saudi Amiantit Co. -- HR & Admin. Manager (Western Province) 1988-2001: Radwa High School, Jeddah -- Teacher Professional Training: 3-4/3/2002 HAY Job evaluation (Dubai) 5/3/2002 Optimizing pay benefits developing the reward management strategy (Dubai) 15-19/7/2002 Advanced Public Relations (Beirut) 17-21/5/2003 Public Relations and Corporate Communications, (Dubai) 4-8/8/2003 Managing Public Relations & Communications (Amsterdam) 10/4/2006 Strategic Planning & Implementation (Jeddah) 10/12/2006 Foundation of Leadership, KFUPM, Dhahran 23-26/2/2008 Leadership Development program Education: High Diploma in Islamic studies -- Umm Al Qura University Makkah, 1998 BA in Linguistics -- King Abdul Aziz University Jeddah, 1987 Other Activities: Delivers two weekly lectures in different Islamic Sciences in a mosque in Jeddah. Delivers weekly Friday sermons, since 1989. Preparing and hosting a number of English Islamic programmes on various TV and Radio channels such as Huda, Peace TV, Iqra (in Arabic) and the Saudi 2 channel. Programmes such as Questions and Answers (ASK HUDA), Lessons in Fiqh, Youth Talk, Mercy to the Worlds, among others. Delivered a number of Islamic lectures and talks in Saudi Arabia, UK and India, some of which can be found on the YouTube. Source: www.irf.net
Views: 8243 Bukhari Records
Abolish Slavery 2012
 
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We are the 2012 cohort of students from the University of Maryland, College Park, participating in the Alternative Breaks program. Our social issue was human trafficking and during our spring break, we addressed this issue of human trafficking in Washington DC. This is a PSA we put together during the week of our trip. We presented this PSA to Students at Thurgood Marshall Academy in Washington DC as part of our lesson plan for the day. No copyright infringement intended. This video is intended for educational purposes only.
Views: 207 asbdc2012
What If Slavery Never Existed?
 
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What If Slavery Never Existed? Subscribe To Life's Biggest Questions: http://bit.ly/2evqECe There have been slaves throughout the history of time. From ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians and the Roman Empire up until the abolition of slavery in the mid to late 1800s, rich populations owned slaves… but, what if they never did? LATEST VIDEOS: BIGGEST WHAT IF's | LifesBiggestQuestions https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8EjxZEQxKc&list=PLx4NoY49Yl7EvQR4XmbOffViMcOm9Xe9Z BIGGEST SCIENCE QUESTIONS | LifesBiggestQuestions https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uny9kbh4iOE&list=PLx4NoY49Yl7H7UoCMCDW7_rRVRdflyDyZ Latest Uploads | LifesBiggestQuestions https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qw7NXs7ujOE&list=PLx4NoY49Yl7Ej01HfsDWFGH3s-33UcYdW VIDEO CONCEPT: Landon Dowlatsingh - http://bit.ly/2bwFVhQ VOICE ACTOR: Rebecca Felgate- http://bit.ly/2c3LL8O VIDEO EDITED BY: Isaac Suhaimi: http://instagram.com/isaacsuhaimi PRODUCED BY: Liam Collens- https://www.instagram.com/liam.collens/
Views: 48950 LifesBiggestQuestions
American Civil War | History of the United States | 1861-1865 | Documentary
 
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● Please SUPPORT my work on Patreon: https://bit.ly/2LT6opZ ● Visit my 2ND CHANNEL: https://bit.ly/2ILbyX8 ►Facebook: https://bit.ly/2INA7yt ►Twitter: https://bit.ly/2Lz57nY ►Google+: https://bit.ly/2IPz7dl ✚ Watch my "Old America" PLAYLIST: https://bit.ly/2rOHzmy This dramatized documetary film is an overview of the American Civil War (1861-1865), one of the most important event in the history of the United States. It changed the entire fate of the nation, and created the America we know today. Historical Background: In the 1860 presidential election, Republicans, led by Abraham Lincoln, supported banning slavery in all the U.S. territories, something the Southern states viewed as a violation of their constitutional rights and as being part of a plan to eventually abolish slavery. The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a majority of the electoral votes, and Lincoln was elected the first Republican president, but before his inauguration, seven Southern states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas) with cotton-based economies individually declared their secession from the United States of America and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. After four years of struggle, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished, beginning Reconstruction and the process of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves.
Views: 120749 The Best Film Archives
Why Did It Take War To Abolish Slavery?
 
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President Trump: “You know, the Civil War, if you think about it, why? People don’t ask that question, but why was there the Civil War? Why could that one not have been worked out?" The Virginia jurist, St. George Tucker, demonstrates by his words that the refusal of the white men of the United States, to accept the African race in America as their social and political equals, explains why they went to war with themselves in 1861. It is plain that Lincoln read Tucker's essay, as he repeats almost verbatim its essential points, in his reply to Douglas at Charleston, Illinois in 1858. You see, the passage of sixty years between the time Tucker published his piece and Lincoln's adoption of it at Charleston, made no difference to the racist minds of the mass of Northern white persons.
Views: 356 JoeRyanCivilWar
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
 
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Like us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/AbolitionNews Visit our website: http://abolitionnewsnetwork.org/
Views: 89997 Abolition News Network
How one piece of legislation divided a nation - Ben Labaree, Jr.
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-legislation-that-birthed-the-republican-party-ben-labaree-jr You may think that things are heated in Washington today, but the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 had members of Congress so angry they pulled out their weapons -- and formed the Republican Party. The issues? Slavery and states' rights, which led the divided nation straight into the Civil War. Ben Labaree, Jr. explains how Abraham Lincoln's party emerged amidst the madness. Lesson by Ben Labaree, Jr., animation by Qa'ed Mai.
Views: 1615316 TED-Ed
Reconstruction Part II: The KKK, 15th Amendment, Legacy - APUSH & US EOC
 
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This PowerPoint, with activities, and lesson plans are available @ https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Mr-Raymond-Civics-And-Social-Studies-Academy This lesson teaches students about the Reconstruction Era following the Civil War. This is Part II of a two-part lesson. Included in this lesson: • Review: Presidential vs. Congressional Reconstruction, The Black Codes, the 14th Amendment, Military Reconstruction Act, President Johnson’s Impeachment • Presidential Election of 1868 – Republican President Ulysses S. Grant • The 15th Amendment: Universal male suffrage, right to vote could not be denied based on “race, color, or previous condition of servitude • The 15th Amendment: split with women’s suffrage groups • African American Men Elected to Office: 2,000 black men held office, first African-American Governor Pinchback of Louisiana, first black U.S. Senator Hiram Revels and U.S. House of Representatives • Scalawags – Southern Republicans • Carpetbaggers – Northerners who moved South • Republican Southern Legislation – Public works, high taxes, corruption • Corruption in the North under Grant’s administration • Expanded federal powers under the Reconstruction Amendments • Violence & Rise of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) – First New Orleans riot, Colfax Massacre, Force & KKK Acts • The Redeemers – rise of the Southern Democrats • The Panic of 1873 – doom for the Freedmen • Civil Rights Act of 1875 and its weaknesses • The Presidential Election of 1876 – The Compromise of 1877 – removal of Federal Troops and the end of Reconstruction • Introduction to the Jim Crow Era: implementation of poll taxes, literacy tests and grandfather clauses • Plessy vs. Ferguson, “separate but equal” and legal segregation • Historiography of Reconstruction • Reconstruction was a failure! • Review Like most of the videos on Mr. Raymond’s Social Studies Academy’s lessons, this video ends with a review “quiz.” Remember that the PowerPoint in this video as well as a variety of lesson plans, worksheets, smartboard files, and activities, are available at Teachers Pay Teachers. As a social studies teacher, I have often looked for good YouTube video clips to show my students. I hope these videos will serve as a supplement to lessons for social studies teachers, US history teachers, and their students. This series is also made for students taking the APUSH – A.P. U.S. History Exam, and State U.S. History E.O.C. exams, like Florida’s U.S. History E.O.C. All content in this video is for educational purposes only… ***For noncommercial, educational, and archival purposes under Law of Fair Use as provided in section 107 of the US copyright law. No copyrights infringements intended*** APUSH: Key Concept 5.3: The Union victory… and the contested reconstruction of the South settled the issues of slavery and secession, but left unresolved many questions about the power of the federal government and citizenship rights. APUSH: II.A: The 13th Amendment abolished slavery, while the 14th and 15th amendments granted African Americans citizenship, equal protection under the laws, and voting rights. Florida U.S. History E.O.C: SS.912.A.2.6 Compare the effects of the Black Codes and the sharecropping system and debt peonage as practiced in the United States. Texas STAAR 8.9: History. The student understands the effects of Reconstruction on the political, economic, and social life of the nation.
The History of Slavery In America (part 1 of 3)
 
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Slavery in the United States began soon after English colonists first settled Virginia in 1607 and lasted as a legal institution until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. It continues illegally to this day. Before the widespread establishment of chattel slavery, much labor was organized under a system of bonded labor known as indentured servitude. This typically lasted for several years for white and black alike, and it was a means of using labor to pay the costs of transporting people to the colonies. By the 18th century, court rulings established the racial basis of the American incarnation of slavery to apply chiefly to Black Africans and people of African descent, and occasionally to Native Americans. A 1705 Virginia law stated slavery would apply to those peoples from nations that were not Christian. In part because of the success of tobacco as a cash crop in the Southern colonies, its labor-intensive character caused planters to import more slaves for labor by the end of the 17th century than did the northern colonies. The South had a significantly higher number and proportion of slaves in the population. Religious differences contributed to this geographic disparity as well. From 1654 until 1865, slavery for life was legal within the boundaries of much of the present United States. Most slaves were black and were held by whites, although some Native Americans and free blacks also held slaves; there were a small number of white slaves as well. The majority of slave holding was in the southern United States where most slaves were engaged in an efficient machine-like gang system of agriculture. According to the 1860 U.S. census, nearly four million slaves were held in a total population of just over 12 million in the 15 states in which slavery was legal. Of all 8,289,782 free persons in the 15 slave states, 393,967 people (4.8%) held slaves, with the average number of slaves held by any single owner being 10.[5][6] The majority of slaves were held by planters, defined by historians as those who held 20 or more slaves.[7] Ninety-five percent of black people lived in the South, comprising one-third of the population there, as opposed to 2% of the population of the North. The wealth of the United States in the first half of the 19th century was greatly enhanced by the labor of African Americans. But with the Union victory in the American Civil War, the slave-labor system was abolished in the South. This contributed to the decline of the postbellum Southern economy, but it was most affected by the continuing decline in the price of cotton through the end of the century. That made it difficult for the region to recover from the war, as did its comparative lack of infrastructure, which kept products from markets. The South faced significant new competition from foreign cotton producers such as India and Egypt. Northern industry, which had expanded rapidly before and during the war, surged even further ahead of the South's agricultural economy. Industrialists from northeastern states came to dominate many aspects of the nation's life, including social and some aspects of political affairs. The planter class of the South lost power temporarily. The rapid economic development following the Civil War accelerated the development of the modern U.S. industrial economy. Twelve million Africans were shipped to the Americas from the 16th to the 19th centuries Of these, an estimated 645,000 were brought to what is now the United States. The largest number were shipped to Brazil. The slave population in the United States had grown to four million by the 1860 Census. Illegal slavery continues in the United States today. Modern slavery is often discussed in the framework of human trafficking.
Views: 794872 CombinedOccupancy
The Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion: Crash Course US History #18
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the election of 1860. As you may remember from last week, things were not great at this time in US history. The tensions between the North and South were rising, ultimately due to the single issue of slavery. The North wanted to abolish slavery, and the South wanted to continue on with it. It seemed like a war was inevitable, and it turns out that it was. But first the nation had to get through this election. You'll learn how the bloodshed in Kansas, and the truly awful Kansas-Nebraska Act led directly to the decrease in popularity of Stephen Douglas, the splitting of the Democratic party, and the unlikely victory of a relatively inexperienced politician from Illinois, Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln's election would lead directly to the secession of several southern states, and thus to the Civil War. John will teach you about all this, plus Dred Scott, Roger Taney, and John Brown. Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The Lincoln and Douglass debates of the 1850s fueled the argument over state's rights to decide on slavery and culminated when the two ran against one another in the Election of 1860: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-election-of-1860 In response to Lincoln's election, the South seceded from the Union and the Civil War began: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-south-secedes
Views: 1744478 CrashCourse
19th Century Reforms: Crash Course US History #15
 
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In which John Green teaches you about various reform movements in the 19th century United States. From Utopian societies to the Second Great Awakening to the Abolition movement, American society was undergoing great changes in the first half of the 19th century. Attempts at idealized societies popped up (and universally failed) at Utopia, OH, New Harmony, IN, Modern Times, NY, and many other places around the country. These utopians had a problem with mainstream society, and their answer was to withdraw into their own little worlds. Others didn't like the society they saw, and decided to try to change it. Relatively new protestant denominations like the Methodists and Baptists reached out to "the unchurched" during the Second Great Awakening, and membership in evangelical sects of Christianity rose quickly. At the same time, Abolitionist societies were trying to free the slaves. Americans of the 19th century had looked at the world they were living in, and decided to change it. Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. Of all of the reform movements of the 1800s, few were as impactful as the movement to abolish slavery: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-revolutionary-rise-of-abolitionists Women were heavily involved in the abolitionist movement, and firsthand stories like freed slave Harriet Ann Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl were important to the cause: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/what-slaves-are-taught-to-think-of-the-north
Views: 1613604 CrashCourse
How to Thrive in a Slave Society
 
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How to Thrive in a Slave Society | Thought Experiment to Empathize with Environmental Variables. Imagine you were born as a wealthy slaveowner in Georgia, United States in the year 1789. Would you free your slaves? Keep in mind… The science of the time overwhelmingly supported craniology. Can you hear yourself making the argument, “Well, 99% of scientists say blacks are subhuman.” Or do you rely on antidotes in the news, “They can’t be trusted with freedom. One of them stabbed an entire white family in their sleep.” Or maybe you realize that you agree with your friends, family, and demographic on every major political issue of our time and so you would have likely done the same in 1789. But let’s say despite all that you concluded slavery was wrong. Would you free your own slaves? George Washington and Thomas Jefferson also believed slavery was wrong. Slavery is an abomination and must be loudly proclaimed as such, but I own that I nor any other man has any immediate solution to the problem — Thomas Jefferson I can only say that there is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than I do to see the abolition of slavery — George Washington But then why didn’t they free their own slaves? One word… convenience. If you want to understand the history of man look at it through the lens of convenience. A lot of these slaveowners, such as Thomas Jefferson, were in massive debt with most of their money invested in slaves. But let’s say you yell, “RUN FREE! RUN!!” You then rest easy…. until you’re awoken by your wife screaming, “All the slaves are gone!!” You explain to her your moral awakening, but then she tells you the practical reality… “The slaves were worth $150,000! Selling the plantation won’t even cover our debt!” You throw on your overalls and tell her to calm down, “I’ll find a job in the city working for Big Bob the Baker.” When you get to the bakery he informs you that as much as he would like to hire you he can’t because people will then boycott and vandalize his business. The KKK also attacked sympathetic whitesAs you’re walking home with your head down, you look up to see the sheriff on your doorstep. He informs you that he has to drag you off to debtors prison. You then find yourself as an indentured servant to your creditors…  18th century southern society… working on a planation in the hot Georgian summer (with no sunblock) while your wife runs off with Big Bob the Baker so that she and your children don’t starve. Now you wear the chains. Are you sure you’d free your slaves? I would like to think I would, but the decision would clearly be hard to come to and difficult to make, which is why a slaveowner freeing his slaves was so rare. Did human nature change between 1789 and 2017? No. “Situational variables can exert powerful influences over human behavior, more so than we recognize or acknowledge.” — Philip Zimbardo So why did slavery ever end? A lot of Americans believe it ended because of the American Civil War. No. Slavery was already on the road to ending before the first shot was ever fired. Its end was inevitable because of one reason… convenience. Due to the Industrial Revolution, it became more convenient to employ cheap labor than slave labor. With cheap labor you could pay pennies and they were incentivized to work hard because they were easily replaceable. With slave labor you had to provide food, shelter, and healthcare because slaves were costly to replace. And as absurd as it may sound to make you empathize with a slaveowner I want you to look around your personal life and see how convenience may blur your moral judgement. For example, do you eat meat? With the advent of genetically manufactured meat we will eventually get to a technological point where we no longer have to kill animals for meat. What will future generations think of our moral judgement? How to use convenience to thrive? Environment is stronger than willpower — Yogananda In the antebellum era it was hard for people to just pack up their bags and move away from their church, family, community, etc when there was no cell phone service or social safety net. But nowadays we have far more power to consciously create the environment around us. How I mold my environment to be a better version of myself… I wear a pedometer, which buzzes when I hit 10,000 steps. Upon opening my browser www.livetochallenge.com automatically starts up so I can start my day by reviewing my goals, habits, and inspirations. Ultimately, we must consciously construct our environment to make it more convenient to be a better society and self. LIVE TO CHALLENGE http://www.livetochallenge.com ANTHONY GALLI http://www.anthonygalli.com MY MEDIUM BLOG https://medium.com/@anthonygalli INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rallywithgalli/ FACEBOOK https://www.facebook.com/RallyWithGalli/
Views: 1196 Anthony Galli
Brazilian couple to be beatified, also abolished slavery on their estate
 
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Click here to receive the latest news: http://smarturl.it/RomeReports Visit our website to learn more: http://www.romereports.com/ They were wealthy Brazilian estate owners during the 19th century, which was also a time of enslavement. --------------------- For broadcasting: sales@romereports.com ROME REPORTS, www.romereports.com, is an independent international TV News Agency based in Rome covering the activity of the Pope, the life of the Vatican and current social, cultural and religious debates. Reporting on the Catholic Church requires proximity to the source, in-depth knowledge of the Institution, and a high standard of creativity and technical excellence. As few broadcasters have a permanent correspondent in Rome, ROME REPORTS is geared to inform the public and meet the needs of television broadcasting companies around the world through daily news packages, weekly newsprograms and documentaries. --------------------- Follow us... Our website http://www.romereports.com/ Facebook https://www.facebook.com/RomeReportsENG Twitter https://twitter.com/romereports
Was the Civil War About Slavery?
 
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What caused the Civil War? Did the North care about abolishing slavery? Did the South secede because of slavery? Or was it about something else entirely...perhaps states' rights? Colonel Ty Seidule, Professor of History at the United States Military Academy at West Point, settles the debate. Donate today to PragerU! http://l.prageru.com/2ylo1Yt Joining PragerU is free! Sign up now to get all our videos as soon as they're released. http://prageru.com/signup Download Pragerpedia on your iPhone or Android! Thousands of sources and facts at your fingertips. iPhone: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsnbG Android: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsS5e Join Prager United to get new swag every quarter, exclusive early access to our videos, and an annual TownHall phone call with Dennis Prager! http://l.prageru.com/2c9n6ys Join PragerU's text list to have these videos, free merchandise giveaways and breaking announcements sent directly to your phone! https://optin.mobiniti.com/prageru Do you shop on Amazon? Click https://smile.amazon.com and a percentage of every Amazon purchase will be donated to PragerU. Same great products. Same low price. Shopping made meaningful. VISIT PragerU! https://www.prageru.com FOLLOW us! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/prageru Twitter: https://twitter.com/prageru Instagram: https://instagram.com/prageru/ PragerU is on Snapchat! JOIN PragerFORCE! For Students: http://l.prageru.com/29SgPaX JOIN our Educators Network! http://l.prageru.com/2c8vsff Script: Was the American Civil War fought because of slavery? More than 150 years later this remains a controversial question. Why? Because many people don't want to believe that the citizens of the southern states were willing to fight and die to preserve a morally repugnant institution. There has to be another reason, we are told. Well, there isn't. The evidence is clear and overwhelming. Slavery was, by a wide margin, the single most important cause of the Civil War -- for both sides. Before the presidential election of 1860, a South Carolina newspaper warned that the issue before the country was, "the extinction of slavery," and called on all who were not prepared to, "surrender the institution," to act. Shortly after Abraham Lincoln's victory, they did. The secession documents of every Southern state made clear, crystal clear, that they were leaving the Union in order to protect their "peculiar institution" of slavery -- a phrase that at the time meant "the thing special to them." The vote to secede was 169 to 0 in South Carolina, 166 to 7 in Texas, 84 to 15 in Mississippi. In no Southern state was the vote close. Alexander Stephens of Georgia, the Confederacy's Vice President clearly articulated the views of the South in March 1861. "Our new government," he said, was founded on slavery. "Its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests upon the great truth that the Negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, submission to the superior race, is his natural and normal condition." Yet, despite the evidence, many continue to argue that other factors superseded slavery as the cause of the Civil War. Some argue that the South only wanted to protect states' rights. But this raises an obvious question: the states' rights to what? Wasn't it to maintain and spread slavery? Moreover, states' rights was not an exclusive Southern issue. All the states -- North and South -- sought to protect their rights -- sometimes they petitioned the federal government, sometimes they quarreled with each other. In fact, Mississippians complained that New York had too strong a concept of states' rights because it would not allow Delta planters to bring their slaves to Manhattan. The South was preoccupied with states' rights because it was preoccupied first and foremost with retaining slavery. Some argue that the cause of the war was economic. The North was industrial and the South agrarian, and so, the two lived in such economically different societies that they could no longer stay together. Not true. In the middle of the 19th century, both North and South were agrarian societies. In fact, the North produced far more food crops than did the South. But Northern farmers had to pay their farmhands who were free to come and go as they pleased, while Southern plantation owners exploited slaves over whom they had total control. And it wasn't just plantation owners who supported slavery. The slave society was embraced by all classes in the South. The rich had multiple motivations for wanting to maintain slavery, but so did the poor, non-slave holding whites. The "peculiar institution" ensured that they did not fall to the bottom rung of the social ladder. That's why another argument -- that the Civil War couldn't have been about slavery because so few people owned slaves -- has little merit. For the complete script, visit https://www.prageru.com/videos/was-civil-war-about-slavery
Views: 1986072 PragerU
When Was Slavery Abolished In Europe?
 
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Slavery in history free the slaves. 1863 abolition of slavery timeline dutch history rijksstudio slavery local histories. Despite the abolition of slave trade by several european states in early a brief history black people europe, from international slavery engraving campaigner olaudah equiano 1793 edition his 1803. In the dutch support for abolition of slavery in europe's colonies had first emerged britain after end roman empire 476 ad continued europe. United states passes legislation banning the slave trade, effective from start of 1808 abolition slavery occured at different times and periods in many countries if we're talking about european colonialism, it's spain 1542 enacted first law abolishing colonial. What was the first country to abolish slavery? Quora. End of slavery in europe & usa why was finally abolished the british empire? The abolition project. Wikipedia timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom url? Q webcache. About abolition the national archivesmuse virtuel du protestantisme. Googleusercontent search. Timeline of abolition slavery and serfdom wikipedia. In the wider world, haiti also abolished slavery on independence in 1822. The east african slave trade ended when the european powers colonized africa at 24 jul 2013 a chronology of slavery, abolition, and emancipation in slaves remained common europe throughout early medieval period campaign to end slavery itself united states was long bitter. Slavery when? Reuters timeline of abolition slavery and serfdom wikipedia en. Slavery when? Reuters. What was the first european country to abolish slavery? Quora. Emancipation of second generation slaves in the colonies. Atlantic slave trade slavery abolished in america dec 18, 1865 history. 1807 britain passes abolition of the slave trade act, outlawing british atlantic slave trade. Abolitionist society of the friends blacks founded in paris. Slavery timeline 1400 1500 a chronology of slavery, abolition slavery in the americas international museum black people europe museum, liverpool bbc local history american connections how british empire abolished. Transatlantic slave trade declared illegal after 1803, though slavery continues in danish colonies to 1848 22 mar 2007 1792 denmark bans import of slaves its west indies colonies, although the law only took effect from 1803. Chronology who banned slavery when? Reuters. Slave trading abolished in denmarkslave by britain and united statesslavery spain spanish coloniesbefore the american civil war, abraham lincoln other leaders of anti slavery republican party sought not to abolish but merely stop its 25 mar 2007 later, this became first side 'triangular trade' manufactured goods from europe being traded for slaves already held africa you are here home education abolition about british colonies rapidly converted predominantly white european settlements with at end eighteenth century, turned towards rest world again 1794, convention had napoleon it Timeline serfdom wikipedia. Slaver
Views: 103 Dead Question
Virgin Islands: "A Brief Visit to St. Thomas, Virgin Islands" 1933 NPS; Charlotte Amalie
 
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Travelogues, Travel Film playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLF708C90E00C131FB more at http://news.quickfound.net/intl/virgin_islands_news.html US National Park Service film: "Cruise ships approaching St. Thomas. Visitors are seen going ashore and walking around the island. Footage also shows Emancipation Park and a grand hotel, as well as residents loading coal onto ships." Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Thomas,_U.S._Virgin_Islands Saint Thomas (Spanish: Santo Tomás; Dutch: Sint-Thomas; Danish: Sankt Thomas) is one of the Virgin Islands in the Caribbean Sea and, together with St. John and Water Island, forms a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States. Located on the island is the territorial capital and port of Charlotte Amalie. As of the 2010 census, the population of Saint Thomas was 51,634 about 48.5% of the US Virgin Islands total. The district has a land area of 31.24 square miles (80.9 km2)... History Pre-colonial history The island was originally settled around 1500 BC by the Ciboney people. They were later replaced by the Arawaks and then the Caribs. Christopher Columbus sighted the island in 1493 on his second voyage to the "New World". Danish colonial period The Dutch West India Company established a post on Saint Thomas in 1657. The first congregation was the St. Thomas Reformed Church, which was established in 1660 and was associated with the Dutch Reformed Church. The Danish conquered the island in 1666, and by 1672 had established control over the entire island through the Danish West India and Guinea Company. The land was divided into plantations and sugarcane production became the primary economic activity. As a result, the economies of Saint Thomas and the neighboring islands of Saint John and Saint Croix became highly dependent on slave labor and the slave trade. In 1685, the Brandenburgisch-Africanische Compagnie took control of the slave trade on Saint Thomas, and for some time the largest slave auctions in the world were held there. Saint Thomas's fine natural harbor became known as "Taphus" for the drinking establishments located nearby. ("Tap Hus" translates as "rum shop" or "tap house" referring to the drinking establishments.) In 1691, the primary settlement there was renamed Charlotte Amalie in honor of the wife of Denmark's King Christian V. It was later declared a free port by Frederick V... While the sugar trade had brought prosperity to the island's free citizens, by the early 19th century Saint Thomas was in decline. The continued export of sugar was threatened by hurricanes, drought, and American competition. Following the Danish Revolution of 1848, slavery was abolished and the resulting rise in labor costs further weakened the position of Saint Thomas's sugar producers. Given its harbors and fortifications, Saint Thomas still retained a strategic importance, and thus, in the 1860s, during the American Civil War and its aftermath, the United States government considered buying the island and its neighbors from Denmark for $7.5 million. However, the proponents of the purchase failed to gain legislative support for the bid... In 1917, St. Thomas was purchased (along with Saint John and Saint Croix) by the United States for $25 million in gold, as part of a defensive strategy to maintain control over the Caribbean and the Panama Canal during the First World War. The transfer occurred on March 31, 1917, behind Fort Christian before the barracks that now house the Legislature of the U.S Virgin Islands...
Views: 6530 Jeff Quitney
The Civil War: Origins of the 14th Amendment Preview
 
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This year marks the 150th anniversary of the ratification of the 14th Amendment in 1868. Clemson University history professor Orville Vernon Burton talks about the amendment's origins, and why it was necessary to ratify it after the South's defeat and the abolition of slavery. This talk was part of a symposium hosted by the U.S. Capitol Historical Society. Full Program Airs Saturday, June 2 at 6pm ET. For More Information: https://www.c-span.org/series/?ahtv
Views: 456 C-SPAN
Causes of the Civil War: The Road to Disunion
 
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This PowerPoint, with activities, and lesson plans are available @: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Mr-Raymond-Civics-And-Social-Studies-Academy This lesson looks at the causes of the Civil War with a focus on economic, political, and social events leading up to this monumental crisis. Included in this video are: • The legacy of the Civil War • The debate over the cause or causes of the Civil War between “state’s rights” vs. slavery, with historians speaking out that slavery was the ultimate cause • Themes of the Causes to the Civil War: state’s rights vs. federal supremacy, economic, sectionalism, political, and social • Review of the concept of “federalism” and the U.S. federal system of government • Review of the “Supremacy Clause” and the 10th Amendment • The political legacy of state’s rights politicians vs. federalists • Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions and the concept of “nullification” • The Nullification Crisis over the “Tariff of Abominations” • Southern state’s rights beliefs • Economic Issues: • Industrialized North vs. Agrarian South • Sectionalism • Political Issues: • Review: The Missouri Compromise • Review: Annexation of Texas and debate over the free vs. slave state make-up of Congress • Review: Manifest Destiny and Mexican Cessation following the Mexican-American War and the debate over slavery in the new territories • The Wilmot Proviso • Lack of presidential leadership in the slavery debate • The Great Triumvirate in Congress: Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and Daniel Webster • The Free-Soil Party • The Compromise of 1850 • The impact of the Fugitive Slave Act on Northern Abolitionism • Social: • Rising Abolitionism • William Lloyd Garrison & The Liberator • Frederick Douglas • Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin • Political: • Kansas-Nebraska Act • Border Ruffians and Bleeding Kansas • Dred Scott v. Sanford • Creation of the Republican Party • Lincoln-Douglas debates • John Brown’s Harper Ferry Raid • The Election of Abraham Lincoln • The secession of the Southern States • Lincoln’s inauguration • Firing on Fort Sumter Like most of the videos on Mr. Raymond’s Social Studies Academy’s lessons, this video ends with a review “quiz.” Remember that the PowerPoint in this video as well as a variety of lesson plans, worksheets, smartboard files and activities, are available at Teachers Pay Teachers. As a social studies teacher, I have often looked for good YouTube video clips to show my students. I hope these videos will serve as a supplement to lessons for civics teachers, US history teachers, US government teachers and their students. I have also thought that these videos could help those who are going to take the naturalization test to become US Citizens. All content in this video is for educational purposes only… ***For noncommercial, educational, and archival purposes under Law of Fair Use as provided in section 107 of the US copyright law. No copyrights infringements intended***
Emancipation Proclaimation
 
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Works Cited “Abraham Lincoln and His Cabinet.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online, Encyclopedia Britannica, http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/art-125687/us-president-abraham-lincoln-and-his-cabinet-with-lieut. “Abraham Lincoln the 16th US President.” The White House, The White House, 25 Dec. 2014, https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/abrahamlincoln. Alchin, Linda. “Emancipation Proclamation Facts.” American Historama, http://www.american-historama.org/1860-1865-civil-war-era/emancipation-proclamation.htm. “Battle of Antietam.” Battle of Antietam, Antietam Battlefield, Antietam Battle, http://www.totalgettysburg.com/battle-of-antietam.html. Biography.com Editors. “William Seward.” Bio.com, A&E Networks Television, 8 July 2014, http://www.biography.com/people/william-seward-21010687. “Black Union Soldier.” PBS, PBS, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/photo-gallery/lincolns-african-americans/. “Black Union Soldiers.” National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, https://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/civil_war_series/2/sec4.htm. “Border State Civil War Map.” Thomas Legion, Matt Parker, 27 Aug. 2005, http://thomaslegion.net/borderstatecivilwarhistory.html. “Britain and France Flag.” Employment Relations in Britain and France, http://www.niesr.ac.uk/projects/employment-relations-britain-and-france. By the President of the United States of America: “Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation.” Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, http://www.abrahamlincolnonline.org/lincoln/speeches/emancipate.htm. “Confederate Navy Jack.” Flags of the Confederacy, http://www.usflag.org/confederate.stars.and.bars.html. Davies, Robin, and John Steuart Curry. “Freeing of the Slaves.” Freeing of the Slaves, 23 June 2015, http://www.publicart.wisc.edu/artists-curry-freeing-of-the-slaves.htm. Deilman, F. “Celebration of the Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia, by the Colored People in Washington, April 19, 1866.” African American Odyssey: The Civil War (Part 2), https://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart4b.html#0411. “Emancipation Proclaimation.” Civil War Daily Gazette, http://civilwardailygazette.com/northern-press-and-politicians-react-to-emancipation-proclamation/. “The Emancipation Proclaimation.” National Archives &Amp; Records Administraion, https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/. “Fort Sumter Battle.” Fort Sumter, http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-civilwar/4637. Good, Chris. “Abraham Lincoln's Inauguration.” ABC News, ABC News Network, 21 Jan. 2013, http://abcnews.go.com/politics/otus/best-worst-inaugural-addresses/story?id=18253082. Hahn, Steven. “Contraband Slaves Escaping to Fort Monroe, Va.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 12 Feb. 2011, http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/12/what-lincoln-meant-to-the-slaves/?_r=0. History.com Staff. “Appomattox Court House Signing.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/appomattox-court-house. History.com Staff. “Emancipation Proclamation.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/emancipation-proclamation. HistoryNet. “Emancipation Proclamation | HistoryNet.” HistoryNet, World History Group, http://www.historynet.com/emancipation-proclamation. Jensen, Derek. “White House South Lawn.” White House Museum, http://www.whitehousemuseum.org/grounds/south-lawn.htm. “Negro Recruits at Charleston.” Council on Foreign Relations, Council on Foreign Relations, http://www.civilwar.org/education/teachers/lesson-plans/usct-the-black-soldiers-roll-lesson-plan/usctlessonplan.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/. “Segregation Fountain.” Catherine Couturier Gallery, http://www.catherinecouturier.com/artists/elliott-erwitt/gallery/north-carolina,-1950-segregation-fountain/. Sivy, Micheal. “Inflation.” Time, Time, 12 Mar. 2013, http://business.time.com/2013/03/12/if-theres-no-inflation-why-are-prices-up-so-much/. “A Slave Family Standing next to Baskets of Recently-Picked Cotton near Savannah, Georgia in the 1860s.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery/pictures/slave-life/slave-family-in-cotton-field-near-savannah. “10 Facts about the Emancipation Proclamation.” Civil War Trust, History.com, http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/emancipation-150/10-facts.html?referrer=https%3a%2f%2fwww.google.com%2f. “13th Amendment.” Related Keywords &Amp; Suggestions, http://www.keyword-suggestions.com/mtn0acbhbwvuzg1lbnq/. “Union Soldiers.” Poetry of the U.S. Civil War, http://voiceseducation.org/content/poetry-us-civil-war.
Views: 106 Jack Martin
What Is The 13Th Amendment In Laymans Terms?
 
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Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, exist within united states, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. The meaning of the words and phrases in 13th amendment constitution are explained as follows start studying amendments simplified. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, other study tools start studying amendments 13, 14, 15. Shmoop us constitution 13th amendment summary. Thirteenth amendment to the united states constitution simple. On february 1, 1865, president abraham lincoln approved the joint resolution of congress submitting lincoln, concerned that others might see his proclamation as a temporary order meant to hurt rebel states push for 13th amendment, which outlawed slavery everywhere in united. The 13th amendment of the us constitution. On february 1, 1865, president abraham lincoln approved the joint resolution of congress submitting proposed amendment to state legislatures. 13th amendment legal definition of 13th amendmentwhat is the 13th amendment? Summary, definition & ratification 13th amendment summary lesson for kids 13th amendment slavery abolished amendments 13, 14, 15 flashcards 13th amendment lii legal information us government for kids thirteenth amendment ducksters. What does 13th amendment mean in law? . Constitution abolition 13th amendment to the u. Constitution officially abolished slavery in america, and was ratified on december 6, 1865, after the conclusion of american civil war. Our documents 13th amendment to the u. Definition of 13th amendment in the legal dictionary by free online english and encyclopedia. 13th amendment ratified dec 06, 1865 history. Learn more about on this day in 1865, the 13th amendment to u. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation kids learn about the thirteenth amendment united states constitution including end of slavery in america, background, emancipation proclamation, and abraham lincoln 13th amendment, which formally abolished states, passed senate on april 8, 1864, house january 31, 1865. The amendment states neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, on this day in history, 13th ratified dec 06, 1865. Thirteenth amendment black history. The 13th amendment abolished slavery; However, it was not until that became the preface for 14th amendment, which in simple words enforced. It abolished slavery in the united states. Thirteenth amendment to the united states constitution simple what is 13th in terms? Quorathirteenth (13th) definition duhaime. In this lesson, text and simple summa
Views: 8 Hadassah Hartman
Lincoln Official Trailer #1 (2012) Steven Spielberg Movie HD
 
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Subscribe to TRAILERS: http://bit.ly/sxaw6h Subscribe to COMING SOON: http://bit.ly/H2vZUn Lincoln Official Trailer #1 (2012) Steven Spielberg Movie HD As the Civil War nears its end, President Abraham Lincoln clashes with members of his cabinet over the issue of abolishing slavery.
Views: 3261436 Movieclips Trailers
14th Amendment Citizenship: Citizen = SLAVE uploaded by Truth trekker
 
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Prior to the alleged ratification of the 14th Amendment, there was no legal definition of a "citizen of the United States", as everyone had primary citizenship in one of the several states. The Constitution referred to the sovereign state citizen, and no one else. Those who went to Washington, D.C. or outside the several states were commonly called "citizens of the United States." In the Constitution for the United States, the term was used to identify state citizens who were eligible under the suffrage laws to hold office, and they were required under the Constitution to have primary allegiance to one of the several states. Since that term was not specifically defined in the U.S. Constitution, Congress in 1868 took advantage of this term and utilized it in the so-called 14th Amendment to describe a NEW type of "citizen" whose primary allegiance was to the federal government, i.e. Washington, D.C. and not to one of the several states of the union. Thus, using the term as used in the U.S. Constitution to mislead and confuse the people as to the true intent and meaning of the Constitution. Many people have mistaken the citizen as denominated in the 14th Amendment to mean the same one in the original constitution, this is in error. The "citizen of the united states" as used in the constitution is not the same as the citizen of the United States used after the 14th Amendment. So all the elected officials are NOT sitting in the office constitutionally, they are merely impostors created by the 14th Amendment. The current President Clinton, is a U.S. citizen, and therefore not the "citizen of the united states" defined in the Constitution for the United States, neither the federal senators nor any congressmen are seated constitutionally. These facts being true, then all the federal laws are invalid for want of constitutionality. The 14th Amendment creates and defines citizenship of the United States. It had long been contended, and had been held by many learned authorities, and had never been judicially decided to the contrary, that there was no such thing as a citizen of the United States, except by first becoming a citizen of some state. United States v. Anthony (1874), 24 Fed. Cas. 829 (No. 14,459), 830. We have in our political system a government of the United States and a government of each of the several states. Each one of these governments is distinct from the others, and each has citizens of its own who owe it allegiance, and whose rights, within its jurisdiction, it must protect. The same person may be at the same time a citizen of the United States and a citizen of a state, but his rights of citizenship under one of these governments will be different from those he has under the other. U. S. v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875). In other words, you do not have to be a citizen of the United States in order to be a state citizen. This was held to be true by the Maryland Supreme Court in 1966 wherein the state: Both before and after the Fourteenth Amendment to the federal Constitution, it has not been necessary for a person to be a citizen of the United States in order to be a citizen of his state. Crosse v. Bd. of Supvr,s of Elections, 221 A.2d. 431 (1966) The federal government was never given any authority to encroach upon the private affairs of the citizens in the several states of the union, unless they were involved in import or export activity, neither were they given authority to reach a citizen of Germany living in Germany. In fact, the states could refuse to enforce any act of congress, that they felt was outside the intent of the granting of limited powers to the federal government. This is called interposition or nullification. Several state supreme courts have in the past refused to uphold federal laws within their states. - Richard McDonald's state Citizen http://political-resources.com/jurisdiction/citizen.htm
Views: 120836 truthtrekker
War & Expansion: Crash Course US History #17
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the Mexican-American War in the late 1840s, and the expansion of the United States into the western end of North America. In this episode of Crash Course, US territory finally reaches from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific Ocean. After Oregon was secured from the UK and the southwest was ceded by Mexico, that is. Famous Americans abound in this episode, including James K Polk (Young Hickory, Napoleon of the Stump), Martin Van Buren, Zachary Taylor, and Winfield Scott. You'll also learn about the California Gold Rush of 1848, and California's admission as a state, which necessitated the Compromise of 1850. Once more slavery is a crucial issue. Something is going to have to be done about slavery, I think. Maybe it will come to a head next week. Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. America’s Westward expansion was fueled by both Manifest Destiny and a desire to grow the nation and its resources — though at a cost: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/manifest-destiny
Views: 1862442 CrashCourse
Thomas Jefferson and the Burden of Slavery with Annette Gordon-Reed - Conversations with History
 
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(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv) Conversations host Harry Kreisler welcomes Harvard Professor Annette Gordon-Reed for a discussion of her work as a lawyer/historian focusing on the contradictions in the life of Thomas Jefferson. Topics covered in the conversation include how her training as a lawyer empowered her to overturn the conventional historical view of the relationship between Jefferson and Sally Hemings. Professor Gordon-Reed highlights the racism embedded in Jeffersonian historiography; ignoring, for example, factual evidence, which confirmed that Jefferson was the father of Sally Heming’s children. In examining the evolution of Jefferson’s ideas on slavery, Professor Gordon-Reed emphasizes how Jefferson’s theory of slavery evolved as he adapted to the reality of American social and political life. She concludes with an the implications of her work for understanding the present turmoil over black/ white relations in the U.S. today. Recorded on 9/29/2016. Series: "Conversations with History" [11/2016] [Humanities] [Show ID: 31519]
The Emancipation Proclamation and the End of Slavery
 
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Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in America at the time it was written, it fundamentally changed the character of the Civil War. Overnight, a war to preserve the Union became a war for human liberation. A distinguished panel discusses the Emancipation Proclamation and its symbol of hope for the nearly 4 million enslaved people who were held in bondage. Moderated by David Blight, professor of history at Yale University, panelists include Edna Greene Medford, professor of history at Howard University, and others.
Views: 1298 US National Archives
Landform Lesson Plans- Worldlandforms.com
 
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World Landforms is a leading portal that provides information about different types of landforms. The portal has been created with an aim to provide people with authentic information about landforms. The portal also has its social media pages on various social media channels. The main motto of the portal is helping people discover the landforms of the world. To know more, please visit- http://www.worldlandforms.com
Views: 47 John David
Vermont Women in the Abolitionist Movement
 
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Jane Williamson, Director of the Rokeby Museum, gives a talk on what is known about the role of Vermont women in the movement toward emancipation of the slaves in the 19th century. Women were an important force, but left very little trace of their activity in the state. The record of the female anti-slavery society in Norwich turned up recently and Williamson discusses what those documents can teach us. She also brings artifacts from the Rokeby collection. Quakers Rowland Robinson and his wife Rachel Gilpin Robinson lived at Rokeby in Ferrisburgh; it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1997 for its exceptional underground railroad history. To watch more videos produced in Vermont, including documentaries, local events, and more, visit any of the following RETN sites: http://www.retn.org http://www.youtube.com/retnvt http://www.youtube.com/pknbtv http://www.youtube.com/vtschools
Views: 10 RETN
History of the Slave South—Course Introduction
 
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History of the Slave South is a free, open course taught by Stephanie McCurry of the University of Pennsylvania. This course explores the relationship between slavery and democracy at the heart of American history. It is about the rise and fall of the slave South from the beginning of the seventeenth century to the end of the American Civil War. The course is available at https://www.coursera.org/course/slavesouth.
Views: 4898 PennLPS
The Civil War, Part I: Crash Course US History #20
 
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In which John Green ACTUALLY teaches about the Civil War. In part one of our two part look at the US Civil War, John looks into the causes of the war, and the motivations of the individuals who went to war. The overarching causes and the individual motivations were not always the same, you see. John also looks into why the North won, and whether that outcome was inevitable. The North's industrial and population advantages are examined, as are the problems of the Confederacy, including its need to build a nation at the same time it was fighting a war. As usual, John doesn't get much into the actual battle by battle breakdown. He does talk a little about the overarching strategy that won the war, and Grant's plan to just overwhelm the South with numbers. Grant took a lot of losses in the latter days of the war, but in the end, it did lead to the surrender of the South. If you want to learn more about the Civil War, we recommend these books: Battle Cry of Freedom by James McPherson The Civil War by Shelby Foote Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. There were many causes of the American Civil War and events that led to disunion: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/causes-of-the-american-civil-war Once the war started, its outcome was determined by the different abilities and resources of the divided North and South: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/a-nation-divided-north-vs-south follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @br8ybrunch Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2678664 CrashCourse
9 Feet Long and 7 Wide
 
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Harriet Jacobs was a remarkable woman who was born into slavery in 1813 in Edenton, North Carolina, and died free in Washington, D.C., at the age of eighty-four. In her writing, she put an individual face on major social and political events of her era, particularly one of the most inhumane aspects of enslaved womanhood, sexual abuse and molestation by white men. After escaping from her master, she spent seven long years enduring great discomfort in the space she called “my dismal little hole,” a 9’ x 7’ x 3’ crawlspace above the porch of her grandmother, emerging only occasionally late at night to try to walk. The accompanying EDSITEment lesson plan is here: http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/harriet-jacobs-and-elizabeth-keckly-material-and-emotional-realities-childhood-slavery Brief biography http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/edsitement.neh.gov/files/worksheets/brief-biography-jacobs.pdf
Views: 3505 NEHgov
The British, slavery, and the Confederacy
 
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Slavery of "the Negro" was sustained throughout the world by the British by making people economically dependant on the British. See video: The British sustained the African slave trade "Truth is strange but a truth it is" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEFuBPPC0fo Perry Noble http://books.google.com/books?id=vdxBAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA184#v=onepage&q=&f=false "Napoleon, enslaver of the Negro even more than of other men" "Free Trade, The Confederacy, and the Political Economy of Slavery" by Frederic W. Henderson Printed in the American Almanac, November 11, 1991 http://american_almanac.tripod.com/fwhfree2.htm "The South, Slavery and Free Trade That precisely this had occurred in the better part of the South, was obvious to those "American System" Whigs, allied with Carey, who fought for an alternative policy during the 1840's and 50's. The southern economy had become almost exclusively a slave based, cash crop agricultural one, totally dependant on British markets, and totally indebted to British or British allied finance. As a result, close to between 80 to 90% of all land in the slave states was owned by the approximately 2 to 3% of the population who were slaveholders; three hundred and fifty thousand slaveholders in a population of 11 million. Of these no more than one hundred thousand owed two-thirds of all the land and 90% of all the enslaved black population of 4 million. The bulk of the remaining white population were either landless or struggled to etch out an existence on small farms generally located in the regions poorest agricultural area's. What little industry that existed was rudimentary and primitive in character. The southern economy was totally dependant on outside markets for the sale of its two major export commodities, raw, unfinished cotton and to a lesser degree rice; it was similarly totally dependant on outside markets for the bulk of its foodstuffs, almost all consumer goods, and virtually all capital goods. Almost no other of the extensive mineral and natural resources in these southern states were developed or harnessed. As Thaddeus Stevens, a close ally of Henry Carey, would argue in 1850, comparing Virginia, as an example of the all the southern states, the disparities between north and south were striking.... Along with the development of an industrial economy, agriculture in the northern states had become significantly more productive. The reasons can be seen in the fact that investments in both agricultural and manufacturing were vastly greater in the northern free states than in the slave labor economy of the south; both the value of farm machinery and implements per acre and per farm laborer in the south were approximately one half that in the north. A more telling figure is the percentage of capital invested in manufacturing; in 1860 over 84% of the U.S. total was invested in the north, with a mere 16% in the south; the per capita dollar figure in the north was four times that in the south despite the North's greater population. As this brutally primitive style of agriculture depleted the soil, for southern capital was tied up in land and slaves, and therefore barred any investment in improvements in cultivation, diversification, or new technologies, the surge for yet new and untapped land in the deep south, the so-called "black belt" states of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, along with the demand for even greater numbers of slave laborers, turned the older planter states like Virginia into slave breeders. By the mid 1850's slaves were Virginia's primary export, and the supply of such slave laborers for deep south plantations became the major economic activity of the old south. While cotton, and rice were still produced in the states of the old south, they generated such low yields, that they no longer were economically viable without massive increases in labor intensity. With little or no investment in any other form of economic activity, by 1860 these areas of the old south were themselves enslaved to a slave based economy, with their productive capacity at feudal levels, and the indebtedness to British "factors" reaching astronomical proportions. Virginia, for example, was so exhausted economically, that while the rest of the south renewed the call for reopening the African slave trade, Virginia consistently opposed such a measure, for an alternative supply of cheap slave labor to the rest of the south would have bankrupted her. In South Carolina, the oldest of the cotton states, agricultural yields per laborer had dropped to levels that were staggering, producing a black slave population that was 125,000 or 20% greater than that of whites; and this despite the export of slave laborers to the deep south."
Views: 3010 markellion