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Breaking News  - Humans have TWICE as much Neanderthal DNA as first thought
 
08:18
Some modern humans have more Neanderthal DNA in their genetic make-up than first thought, a new study has found.Research shows that between 1.8 and 2.6 per cent of the genomes of modern, non-African human populations is made up of Neanderthal DNA.This is far higher than previous estimates of 1.5 to 2.1 per cent.These genes play roles in our cholesterol levels, eating disorders, arthritis and other diseases today, the researchers claim.The study follows separate research, published yesterday, which found that Neanderthal DNA can drive our smoking habits, mood swings, and skin tone.Neanderthals are the closest extinct relatives of humans, migrating to Europe from Africa thousands of years before our Homo Sapien ancestors.Early humans migrating from Africa interbred with Neanderthals in Europe roughly 100,000 years ago, and this DNA mixing still contributes to several modern traits.Researchers believe the genes from our extinct cousins could have helped our ancestors to thrive as they adapted to the European continent.In the new study, experts from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, analysed billions of DNA fragments sampled from the remains of a female Neanderthal.It is only the second genome of the species to be fully sequenced with a high level of quality.The ancient female lived 52,000 years ago, and her remains were found in Vindija Cave, Croatia in the 1980s.Previous work has shown that Neanderthals lived in the cave until late in their history, with the species predicted to have gone extinct roughly 45,000 years ago.Compared to other sequenced remains, the researchers found their Croatian Neanderthal - dubbed Vindija 33.19 - was more closely related to the Neanderthals who interbred with the ancestors of modern humans living outside Africa.This closer relation meant the team identified 10 to 20 per cent more Neanderthal DNA in modern humans than previously thought.These newly discovered gene variants contribute to human blood vitamin D levels, LDL cholesterol counts,  as well as body fat levels.The DNA also plays a role in arthritis, schizophrenia and responses to antipsychotic drugs, the study found.'This adds to mounting evidence that Neanderthal ancestry influences disease risk in present-day humans, particularly with respect to neurological, psychiatric, immunological, and dermatological phenotypes,' the authors wrote in their paper.But not all of the Neanderthal DNA is negative, the researchers claims.'Variants from Neanderthals are not necessarily bad for your health,' said study lead author Dr Kay Prüfer told Live Science.'We find one variant that is associated with LDL cholesterol, and the variant we got from Neanderthals is associated with lower LDL cholesterol.'The team compared the genomes of the Vindija Neanderthal with that of a specimen found in Russia's Altai mountains.They found that the two were surprisingly similar, suggesting that the European population of Neanderthals around 52,000 years ago was very small.'The two Neanderthals were separated by thousands of kilometers and probably lived tens of thousands of years separated in time as well,' Dr Prüfer said.'That is why it is so surprising to find them to be so similar.'The new research follows a separate Neanderthal DNA study published yesterday, also from the Max Planck Institute.Scientists studying British DNA found our Neanderthal inheritance affects our skin tone, hair colour, height, sleep patterns, mood, and even a 1
Views: 14191 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - China set for 2018 mission to the far side of the moon
 
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China is set to send a radical probe to the far side of the moon this year, it has been claimed.The mission is the latest in a string of space breakthrough for China.The new Chang'e 4 space mission will launch in June, when a Long March 4C rocket will carry a 425kg relay satellite and place it 60,000km behind the moon.According to the Chongqing Morning Post, a container filled with seeds and insect eggs will be attached to Chang'e 4, China's second lunar lander, and will be sent to the Moon in 2018.  The container, which is made from special aluminium alloy, will demonstrate the growing process of plants and animals on the Moon.  It will also provide valuable data and experience for the future establishment of eco-bases on other planets. 'The container will send potatoes, arabidopsis seeds and silkworm eggs to the surface of the Moon. The eggs will hatch into silkworms, which can produce carbon dioxide, while the potatoes and seeds emit oxygen through photosynthesis. Together, they can establish a simple ecosystem on the Moon,' Zhang Yuanxun, chief designer of the container, told the Chongqing Morning Post.A second launch later in the year will send a lander and rover to the far side of the moon, which will be guided to a safe landing by the satellite.It will be the first ever landing on the lunar far side, an unexplored region of the Moon called South Pole-Aitken Basin, a vast basin in the southern hemisphere of the far side which extends from the South Pole to Aitken crater.The rover will also contain a 'gardening kit' to pave the way for a human outpost by examining how plants grow on the lunar surface.'The Chinese are pushing back the frontier with such a technically challenging mission,' says Brian Harvey, space analyst and author of China in Space: The Great Leap Forward, told The Guardian.China also announced plans to launch a space probe to bring back samples from the moon, in what state media cast as competition to U.S. President Donald Trump's ambitions to revitalise U.S. space exploration.The Chang'e-5 lunar probe is undergoing a final round of tests and is expected to be on standby for launch from August, the official People's Daily said last year, citing the China National Space Administration.The launch will involve new challenges for China in sample collection, taking off from the moon and high-speed reentry to the Earth's atmosphere, making it 'one of China's most complicated and difficult space missions', Hu Hao, an official from China's Lunar Exploration Programme, told the paper.Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for China to become a global power in space exploration.'Not long ago, the United States' Trump Administration revealed an ambition to return to the moon.'Our country also announced a series of deep space exploration plans,' said the official Science and Technology Daily.'The moon is the first stop for humanity's march towards deep space,' the paper said.In February, the Trump administration asked the National Aer AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5226529/China-set-2018-mission-far-moon.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2855 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline
 
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A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline following the results of a groundbreaking new drug trial.For the first time, scientists have been able to correct the defect that is responsible for the devastating neurodegenerative disease.The results, hailed as the 'biggest breakthrough in 50 years', saw 46 patients of the incurable disease given an experimental drug.University College London researchers discovered the pill lowered their levels of toxic proteins in the brain.The drug, dubbed a 'tremendous step forward', was also found to be safe - despite fears it could lead to meningitis.Professor Sarah Tabrizi, lead researcher told the BBC: 'I've been seeing patients in clinic for nearly 20 years, I've seen many of my patients over that time die.'For the first time we have the potential, we have the hope, of a therapy that one day may slow or prevent Huntington's disease.'Professor Tabrizi, director of UCL's Huntington's Disease Centre, added: 'This is of groundbreaking importance for patients and families.'Huntington's disease is a genetic disorder that affects the central nervous system and leads to involuntary movements, difficulty talking and memory loss.The condition, which affects 8,500 adults in the UK and around 30,000 in the US, occurs as a result of a fault in the huntingtin gene.On average, patients live for between 10 and 20 years after their diagnosis.The huntingtin protein itself is vital for the development of the brain, but the genetic error leads to it instead killing brain cells.Huntington’s disease is an illness caused by a faulty gene in your DNA (the biological ‘instructions’ you inherit which tell your cells what to do).  If you have Huntington’s, it affects your body’s nervous system – the network of nerve tissues in the brain and spinal cord that co-ordinate your body’s activities. Huntington’s can cause changes with movement, learning, thinking and emotions.  Once symptoms begin, the disease gradually progresses, so living with it means having to adapt to change, taking one day at a time. Living with Huntington’s disease can be very challenging. Getting the right information and support is vital and we’re here to help. Huntington’s is not something you can catch; it is inherited. Every child conceived naturally to a parent who carries the Huntington’s gene has a 50% chance of inheriting it.The new drug works by silencing the faulty huntingtin gene - stopping the creation of damaged proteins in the brain, the BBC reports.Having proved successful on animals, the British researchers looked to investigate the drug's effects on human patients.For the trial, the patients were injected with the drug into their spinal fluid at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery.Alongside its benefits at reducing the amount of huntingtin, the volunteers were found to tolerate the drug well.However, the team remain adamant that more research is needed to prove that lowering levels of huntingtin could lead to a possible AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5167335/Could-cure-Huntingtons.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1674 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Seven-day 'Pioppi diet' plan that extends life by 10 years
 
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From starting each day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to eating eggs for breakfast, this seven-day Pioppi diet plan will extend your life by 10 years.Pioppi, in southern Italy, has been dubbed the 'world's healthiest village', with its residents frequently living 10 years longer than elsewhere to 100 years old.Despite bacon and chocolate being a staple of their diet, its inhabitants' love of vegetables, oily fish and nuts is thought to prevent them from developing heart disease or type 2 diabetes.To adapt the diet of Pioppi, which UNESCO has protected as the home of the Mediterranean diet, into that which suits the average western urban-dweller, cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra and former athlete Donal O’Neill have created the below seven-day meal plan.As well as consuming lots of olive oil for its heart-health benefits, the diet also involves starting each day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar, which is thought to aid acid reflux, lower blood pressure and boost weight loss.The diet also includes eggs most days, which are a good source of protein for keeping hunger pangs at bay. It also recommends intermittent fasting by limiting your 'eating window' to just eight-to-nine hours a day. Red wine is permitted providing it is good quality.In a piece for Get The Gloss, Dr Aseem and Donal feature an extract from their book 'The Pioppi Diet: A 21-day Lifestyle Plan'  that explains how to incorporate the life-extending plan into your everyday life.Afternoon snack: Tinned oysters; full-fat Greek yoghurt with berries; a handful of nuts and cinnamonDinner: Picanha steak (a superb Brazilian cut) served with creamed spinach and avocado side salad; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids); a cup of Earl Grey teaBrunch: Halloumi and fried tomato; vegetable soup made using chicken bone broth; a small portion of oily fish (anchovies, sardines, pilchards); coffee with coconut creamDinner: Grilled salmon fillet with vegetables and sauerkraut; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey teaBrunch: Full-fat Greek yoghurt mixed with coconut cream and berries with a handful of nuts, a sprinkle of cinnamon and a pinch of turmeric; coffee with coconut creamAfternoon snack: Bacon nut-butter sliders – crispy, grilled bacon strips, topped generously with almond butter and a sprinkle of raw cacaoDinner: Grilled lamb chops with lots of mixed vegetables and a side salad; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Two or three eggs any style, with smoked salmon and avocado; coffee with coconut creamBrunch: Smoothie with kefir and/or coconut milk, berries, a handful of nuts, some avocado; a tablespoon of coconut oil, a sprinkle of ground cinnamon, turmeric and fresh mintDinner: Chicken bone broth to start, with one tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil and salt to taste, followed by fresh pan-fried hake and vegetables; cacaonut bombs (raw cacao, cinnamon, coconut oil, cream and nuts heated, blended and frozen into bite-size pieces); a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Bacon and two or three eggs, any style, with avocado (optional); coffee with coconut creamDinner: Roast chicken with sweet potato and mixed vegetables; cacaonut bombs, a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Smoked salmon with three scrambled eggs on very high-quality sourdough (the only bread I eat, thanks to the fermentation process and taste), avocado and crème fraiche; coffee with coconut creamThis article was originally published by Get The Gloss and reproduced with their permission. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4962346/Seven-day-Pioppi-diet-plan-helps-people-reach-100.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1826 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - A weekly HIV pill may be on the way
 
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A new weekly HIV treatment was shown to work in animals in a new study, prompting its manufacturer to begin development of a pill for humans.HIV medications can now keep levels of the virus so low in people with the disease that they are undetectable and cannot be transmitted.But traditional therapies require taking many potent drugs, or getting frequent injections, so there has been a recent push in the medical community to develop therapies that need to be taken less frequently and from home.Massachusetts-based drug manufacturer Lyndra's most recent test of its treatment found that effective, oral doses of three HIV-fighting compounds could stay in the systems of animals for sustained periods of time, as proof of concept for the drug they are developing.Progress in medications for as well as social awareness and destigmatization of HIV have greatly improved quality of life for those living with it.In September of last year, that Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that those with undetectable viral loads - or levels of the infection - in their systems are now at 'effectively no risk' of transmitting the disease.The announcement was celebrated by the HIV positive community and put a sort of seal of approval on the efficacy of modern treatments.But, even as life spans continue to stretch for HIV positive people, the disease remains incurable, requiring a lifetime of treatment.Perhaps the biggest advancement in HIV treatment to come to market has been a single pill that combines the three key drug compounds used that combat the virus.The oral medication has to be taken every day, however, some studies have suggested that missing even two days of the pill can give the virus a window of opportunity to return to detectable levels.It is nearly impossible to accurately monitor how well HIV patients stick to their medication regimens, but a National Institutes of Health study done last year linked adherence to visits to care providers, and estimated that only about 57 percent of those who were diagnosed and connected with a provider kept with up with their appointments, suggesting they may not keep up with their medications either.'Because people with HIV require life-long antiretroviral therapy, a long-acting oral option that could be taken at home would make it easier for patients to adhere to their treatment regimen,' said Dr Andrew Bellinger, co-founder and chief scientific officer of Lyndra.He and his team hope that 'by fitting into a patient's regular routine, an ultra-long-acting therapy would be taken consistently, improving therapeutic success and helping avoid viral resistance.'In the proof of concept study, published in Nature Communications, the researchers simulated a variety of adherence levels in mice, meaning that they gave different groups of mice their single antiretroviral pill at varying degrees of frequency.They found that even the mice that were given just one pill a week maintained undetectable levels of the HIV v AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5250975/A-weekly-HIV-pill-way.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 843 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Israeli scholars decipher Dead Sea Scroll
 
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Israeli scholars have pieced together and deciphered one of two previously unread manuscripts of the Dead Sea Scrolls more than half a century since their discovery.The 60 or more tiny fragments of parchment bearing encrypted Hebrew writing had previously been thought to come from a variety of different scrolls.But now academics have found the pieces all fit together to make just one scroll.The document makes reference to a unique 364-day calendar and a festival that marks the changing of the seasons celebrated by an ancient, celibate Jewish sect.WHAT DOES IT SAY? The latest deciphered scroll contains references to the 364-day calendar used by the sect, as opposed to the lunar calendar used in Jewish religious practice today. The scroll identifies the name of a festival that celebrates the changing of the seasons.   The festivals included New Wheat, New Wine and New Oil, which are related to the Jewish festival Shavout and no longer observed in Judaism.  Researchers also identified a festival observed four times a year called Tekufah - which means 'period' in modern-day Hebrew and marks the transition between the seasons. Annotations in the margin from a scribe correcting the author's original work helped them decipher its meaning. Many experts believe the manuscripts of the Dead Sea were written by the celibate Essenes, a dissident Jewish sect that had retreated into the Judaean desert around Qumran and its caves.The Dead Sea Scrolls have fascinated scholars and historians since the ancient texts were found around 70 years ago scattered within a series of caves in the West Bank.Eshbal Ratson and Jonathan Ben-Dov from the University of Haifa's Bible studies department found the pieces all fit together after they started examining them just under a year ago.Some of the fragments they had to decipher were smaller than 1cm² (0.15 inch²).'They put it all together and said it was actually one scroll,' said Ilan Yavelberg a university spokesman.A Haifa University statement said that Ratson and Ben-Dov were now working on deciphering the last remaining scroll.Many experts believe the manuscripts of the Dead Sea were written by the celibate Essenes, a dissident Jewish sect that had retreated into the Judaean desert around Qumran and its caves.The theory says the group either wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls or were caretakers of the legal, philosophical and religious documents.The latest deciphered scroll contains references to the 364-day calendar used by the sect, as opposed to the lunar calendar used in Jewish religious practice today.The scroll also identifies the name of a festival that celebrates the changing of the seasons.The festivals included New Wheat, New Wine and New Oil, which are related to the Jewish festival Shavout and no longer observed in Judaism, writes BBC.Researchers also identified a festival observed four times a year called Tekufah - which means 'period' in modern-day Hebrew and marks the transition between the seasons.The parchment a AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5297167/Israeli-scholars-decipher-Dead-Sea-Scroll.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 4203 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Fisker patents battery that can charge a car in a minute
 
05:50
Electric car-maker Fisker has filed patents for flexible solid-state battery technology that could slash charging times and improve range.In an announcement this week, the firm claimed the new battery could charge a car in just one minute, and allow for a range of over 500 miles.The battery is expected to be ready for mass production by 2023, and will be displayed at the upcoming Consumer Electronics Show in January.The new technology attempts to overcome the challenges of solid-state batteries using a three-dimensional structure. This allows the electrodes to cover 25 times more surface area than flat thin-film designs. According to Fisker, the structure will allow for more versatile voltage and form factors.  They may be wound in cylindrical cells with higher voltage output, Fisker says. This could allow for usage of current tooling and machinery for battery packs, along with thermal management and safety requirements, to reduce costs.According to Fisker, the radical new battery would deliver 2.5 times the energy density of typical lithium ion batteries.Solid-state batteries are known to have a number of limitations, such as low power and low rate capability as a result of the layered electrode structure, and issues arising from cold temperatures, the firm explains.But, the new technology attempts to overcome the challenges using a three-dimensional solid-state structure.This allows the electrodes to cover 25 times more surface area than flat thin-film designs.'This breakthrough marks the beginning of a new era in solid-state materials and manufacturing technologies,' said Dr. Fabio Albano, VP of battery systems at Fisker Inc.'We are addressing all of the hurdles that solid-state batteries have encountered on the path to commercialization, such as performance in cold temperatures; the use of low cost and scalable manufacturing methods; and the ability to form bulk solid-state electrodes with significant thickness and high active material loadings.'We are excited to build on this foundation and move the needle in energy storage.'According to the firm, the battery could allow electric cars to drive more than 500 miles on a single charge.Fisker plans to show off the solid-state battery and fast-charging technology at CES.They'll also be launching the Fisker EMotion luxury electric vehicle, alongside a battery module equipped with advanced thermal management.And, they'll have on display fast-charging technology that will allow for a 127-mile range in just nine minutes.'Our aggressive vision for the entire EV and automotive industry, not just for Fisker Inc., revolves around making the impossible, possible – and this global solid-state battery breakthrough is reflective of our utmost seriousness in making that vision a reality,' said Henrik Fisker, chairman and CEO of Fisker Inc.'It used to be about the efficiency of the gasoline engine. Now, it's all about who breaks the code and smashes the barriers to future battery technologies that will enable mass market electrification.'Our scientists have been working tirelessly to deliver. We've done it, and this is just the beginning.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5083367/Fisker-patent-solid-state-battery-charges-MINUTE.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 14387 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Helium reserve in Tanzania is twice as big as thought
 
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You may think of it as the gas in party balloons, but helium is one of the most valuable gases on Earth, with uses ranging from rocket fuel to MRI scanners.A large underground reserve of the precious gas was discovered in East Africa in 2016.And now new estimates suggest that there is at least twice as much helium in the reserve than previously thought.Researchers hope to start pumping the precious gas from the reserve by 2020.Helium, the second lightest element in the universe, is created by the slow radioactive decay of rock below the Earth's surface. More than half the world's supply is stored in the US National Helium Reserve in Texas. But that supply is dwindling after the US passed a law in 1996 obliging it to sell off a certain volume of helium every year at a fixed price, in order to raise funds for the Government. in 2015, British Medical Association chair, Dr Mars Porter said it was 'a tragedy' to see the gas being sold off for party balloons. 'I'm not a party pooper but this has gone too far, it is such a scant resource.'The reserve was discovered in the Great Rift Valley in Tanzania last year, and initial samples suggested that deposits contained around 2.6 per cent helium, mixed with nitrogen.Based on that estimate, experts from the US Geological Survey predicted that the reserve contained around 54 billion cubic feet (1.5 billion cubic meters) of helium - an amount described as 'life-saving.'But new measurements by experts from Helium One, suggest that the deposits contain up to four times the concentrations of helium than previously predicted.Speaking to Live Science, Thomas Abraham-James, CEO of Helium One, explained that the firm now believes that the Tanzanian reserve contains about 98.6 billion cubic feet (2.8 billion cubic meters) of helium.He said: 'So it's pretty much doubled in size.'The researchers believe that the initial estimates were off because a small amount of air had diluted the samples in the laboratory.To come up with the new estimate, Helium One enlisted the help of researchers from the University of Oxford, who took measurements at the site, rather than collecting samples to study later in the laboratory.Dr Peter Barry, who worked on the project, said: 'We made probably 50 measurements out there in the field, and we saw up to four times as much helium in these samples.'So this was really exciting for us, because we were able to show quite convincingly that there's a lot more helium than we originally assessed.'Dr Abraham-James said: 'We are probably still somewhat understating what is present, but nevertheless, that gives us room to update and improve as we progress.'While helium is extremely valuable in a range of industries, the world faces a shortage of the non-renewable gas.The main source of helium for decades was from an underground reserve in Texas, but commercial supplies will be stopped from there in 2021, after the authority controlling it fell into debt.Another reserve in Qatar was also an important source of helium, but supplies ceased earlier this year after the closure of the country's border with Saudi Arabia.Dr Abraham-James said: 'The supply dynamics at the moment are very challenging, particularly with US output stopping in 2021, and Qatar, it's fair to say, has its share of problems.'The world needs a reliable source of helium, so that we don't see the fluctuations that we have in recent times.'Helium One plans to begin drilling at the Tanzania reserve by July 2018.Dr Abraham-James added: 'Probably by the end of 2020, people will start to be using Tanzanian helium.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4965540/Helium-reserve-Tanzania-TWICE-big-thought.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 248 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Two-thirds of baby food on the market contains arsenic
 
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Two-thirds of baby food in the United States tested positive for arsenic and other dangerous toxins, a study claims.Also, 80 percent of baby formula analyzed had levels of arsenic in the mixture.The Clean Label Project, a non-profit organization advocating for transparent product labels in Denver, tested more than 500 baby foods sold in United States stores.The researchers found that 65 percent tested positive for arsenic, including products from popular brands such as Gerber, Parent's Choice and Sprout.Arsenic is a metalloid and experts warn it can affect a child's motor skills, cognition and heart as they are growing.The Clean Label Product tested the baby food products on what contained arsenic, lead and other dangerous chemicals.Each product was then ranked from one to five stars based on the toxins and how nutritious the product was for a child.The study showed that not only did more than half the products have arsenic, but also 35 percent tested positive for lead and 58 percent for cadmium.These chemicals can pose potential risks for the infants when consumed such as neurological deficiencies and problems to the immune system.Rice-based products such as puffs are most likely to contain arsenic, according to the study.The US Food and Drug Administration has previously looked into the impact of arsenic on rice in food products such as rice-based baby cereals.In April 2016, the administration proposed a limit of 100 parts per billion of inorganic arsenic in rice cereal for infants.This was proposed to potentially eliminate risk that an infant could consume large amounts of the dangerous metalloid.The European Food and Safety Authority has already enforced limitations of inorganic arsenic in rice, but the US is still in the discussion phase of the possible regulation.The study also found that 60 percent of products that were labeled as 'BPA free' actually tested positive for bisphenol A, an industrial chemical used to make some plastics.This chemical can seep into food and cause an increased risk of a child developing high blood pressure and disrupt the hormones.Experts warn that some products that have this 'BPA free' label could still have traces that have seeped into the food.They recommend for people to pay attention to what products they are buying for their infants to prevent these toxins from being consumed.Daily Mail Online reached out to Gerber, and the company said the study is causing unnecessary alarm and all their food meets US government standards.They said in a statement: 'We regularly test our foods and formulas and work closely with our suppliers and farmers to find ways to do even better.'Daily Mail Online has contacted all the other companies for a comment. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5017827/Two-thirds-baby-food-market-contains-arsenic.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 795 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Former GKN boss stands to make £9m from takeover
 
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The former boss of GKN stands to make £9 million from a takeover of the car and plane parts manufacturer.Nigel Stein – who left the FTSE 100 company last month after more than five years in charge – could receive the windfall from his shares after turnaround specialist Melrose Industries made a £7 billion bid for the business.GKN’s shares jumped 26 per cent on Friday following the approach. They had previously been slowly recovering from a shock profit warning in October which Stein said had left him feeling ‘mugged’.GKN, which traces its roots back to 1759, rejected the bid which it described as ‘opportunistic’ because the terms ‘fundamentally undervalue’ the business.But Melrose, a London-listed firm with a reputation for turning around ailing industrial businesses, is expected to push ahead with a hostile bid.In response, GKN laid out plans to split its automotive business, which makes driveshafts for Ford and Volkswagen cars, and its aerospace arm, which makes parts for Boeing.Investors have long been calling for their separation.Melrose’s offer is partly in cash but mainly in shares. It means Stein would cash in £1.7 million from a sale at the amount offered and would be sitting on another £7 million in shares in the merged company.Liberal Democrat leader Sir Vince Cable said he would ask Business Secretary Greg Clark to intervene, arguing that the takeover would be a ‘massive blow to our industrial strategy’. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/news/article-5266231/Former-GKN-boss-stands-make-9m-takeover.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 777 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Royal Navy reveals its second Type 26 warship
 
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AutoNews- The Royal Navy has revealed the name of the second of eight new Type 26 warship – the HMS Belfast.The enormous warship will be used to protect the UK's nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers, and can travel at speeds of up to 26 knots (30mph).Both the HMS Belfast and the HMS Glasgow – which was revealed in July – will enter service in the mid 2020s.HMS Belfast is a Type 26 Global Combat Ship - a 21st Century warship that will replace the Type 23 frigate as the workhorse of the Royal Navy's Fleet. The ship will undertake three core roles - warfighting, maritime security and international engagement - on the world stage. On board the HMS Belfast is the 'Sea Ceptor' – a cutting-edge missile capable of intercepting multiple targets out to a range of 15.5 miles (25 kilometres), travelling at speeds of more than 2,000 miles/hour (3,218 kilometres/hour). The warship is also fitted with a small-calibre SA80 gun, as well as a general purpose machine gun and Mk44 miniguns. Unlike the majority of the ship's weapons systems, these guns are not radar and computer controlled, but aimed and fired by the upper deck weapon crews.Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon made the announcement as he visited Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, where the Navy's last HMS Belfast was built prior to World War Two.The ship will be one of eight new Type 26 frigates joining the Navy's fleet.'I'm hugely proud that the second name announced of our eight cutting-edge new Type 26 frigates will be HMS Belfast,' said Sir Michael.'She and her sister ships will form the backbone of our Navy well into the 2060s, keeping us safe by protecting the country's nuclear deterrent and new aircraft carriers.HMS Belfast is a Type 26 Global Combat Ship - a 21st Century warship that will replace the Type 23 frigate as the workhorse of the Royal Navy's Fleet.The ship will undertake three core roles - warfighting, maritime security and international engagement - on the world stage.On board the HMS Belfast is the 'Sea Ceptor' – a cutting-edge missile capable of intercepting multiple targets out to a range of 15.5 miles (25 kilometres), travelling at speeds of more than 2,000 miles/hour (3,218 kilometres/hour).The warship is also fitted with a small-calibre SA80 gun, as well as a general purpose machine gun and Mk44 miniguns.Unlike the majority of the ship's weapons systems, these guns are not radar and computer controlled, but aimed and fired by the upper deck weapon crews.The original HMS Belfast, which took part in the Arctic campaign and the Normandy landings, is now a floating museum permanently docked in London.It will now be renamed 'HMS Belfast 1938' to avoid confusion.Diane Lees, director general at Imperial War Museums, said: 'IWM is delighted that the name HMS Belfast will return again to the Royal Navy's front line as a major warship.'We welcome the opportunity this will bring for our internationally significant museum to have a close affiliation with the new Belfast, enabling a powerful link between the Royal Navy's past and present.'
Views: 2153 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Outbreak of EYE syphilis is not slowing down, CDC warns
 
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Eye syphilis is on the rise in the United States, health officials warn.More than 200 people across 20 states were diagnosed with the sexually-transmitted disease in their eyes between 2014 and 2016, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Ocular syphilis, which can cause blindness and blurry vision, develops out of a syphilis infection in the spinal cord, which spreads to the eye.While it was once rare but rates have been steadily climbing in America in recent years.According to the CDC, ocular syphilis can involve any part of the eye, but it typically causes inflammation of the middle layer of the eye.It can blur vision and ultimately lead to vision loss, and can even travel up into the brain.A chronic bacterial disease, syphilis can be contracted by other means but is typically a sexually-transmitted disease.In very rare cases, it can be spread through prolonged kissing, as well as the more common routes of transmission: vaginal, anal and oral sex.It comes from the bacteria Treponema pallidum.Syphilis is notoriously difficult to diagnose since its symptoms are similar to other conditions - a runny nose and soar throat. Sufferers develop sores, though these can often go ignored.However, rates are rocketing across the United States.While the rate of all sexually-transmitted diseases has gone up, the biggest increase was seen in cases of congenital syphilis, which went up 27.6 percent between 2015 and 2016.The rate of primary and secondary syphilis infections went up 17.6 percent since 2015.In the early stages, patients can receive an injection of Benzathine penicillin G. This will not undo the internal damage but will eliminate the infection.For those with latent syphilis - and are unsure how long they had it - doctors recommend having three doses of the penicillin injection, seven days apart from each other. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5048425/Outbreak-EYE-syphilis-not-slowing-CDC-warns.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 201 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Sony unveils AI robo-dog 'Aibo' that displays emotions
 
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More than a decade ago, Sony stunned the world with the release of Aibo, an artificially intelligent robot that behaved like a real dog.But the robo-dogs were discontinued in 2006 as part of a massive cost-cutting scheme from the Japanese technology giant.Now, Sony has revived Aibo, a robot that learns how to interact with its owner and is 'capable of building loving relationships', according to Sony CEO Kazuo Hirai.The new version of the 30-centimetre (one foot) hound will launch in Japan in January but will not come cheap, priced at around £1,300 ($1,750).Aibo is billed as a pet that behaves like a puppy using artificial intelligence (AI) to learn and interact with its owner and surroundings.Sony's new 'Aibo' is ivory-white and puppy-sized, with flapping black ears, a wagging tail and the ability to roll its eyes.It is now equipped with new sensing and movement technologies as well as far more advanced AI backed by cloud computing to develop the dog's personality.It comes with an array of sensors, cameras and microphones and boasts internet connectivity, allowing owners to play with the pet remotely via smartphone.It was announced yesterday at a Sony news briefing in Tokyo, with the firm saying it is considering sales beyond Japan in future.Sony rolled out the first-generation Aibo in 1999, with the initial batch of 3,000 selling out in just 20 minutes, despite a hefty price tag of nearly £1,650 ($2,200).Over the following years, more than 150,000 units were sold, with numerous models ranging from gleaming metallic-silver versions to round-faced cub-like models.But by 2006, Sony was in trouble, with a broken business model and fierce competition from rivals in all fields.The Aibo, an expensive and somewhat frivolous luxury, had to go.The company kept its 'Aibo clinic' open until March 2014, but then told dedicated owners they were on their own, prompting retired Sony engineers to offer repairs.'It was a difficult decision to stop the project in 2006, but we continued development in AI and robotics,' CEO Kazuo Hirai said.'I asked our engineers a year and a half ago to develop (new) AIBO because I strongly believe robots capable of building loving relationships with people help realise Sony's mission (to inspire).'The reborn Aibo features new actuator technology allowing it move more smoothly and naturally like a real dog.With sensing and AI technologies, Aibo can run toward its owner and detect smiles and words of praise, and can remember what actions please the owner.Its eyes are made of organic light emitting diode (OLED) displays making it capable of diverse expressions.Sony said it aims to sell at least as many new Aibo as the original, without giving a time frame. It also said it is considering overseas sales.Competitors of the new product include Toyota's Kirobo Mini, a robot which its makers say has 'emotional value', as well as a £300 ($400) price tag.It comes equipped with a camera, microphone and Bluetooth, and connects to a smartphone, which needs to be installed with a special software application.Kirobo turns its head toward a voice, although sometimes that function fails as its voice recognition is far from perfect.At just 10-centimeters (4-inch) tall, doll-like Kirobo Mini supposedly has the smarts of a 5-year-old.Its name comes from 'kibo', or 'hope', and 'robot'.Meanwhile, Japanese corporation SoftBank Robotics is behind Pepper, the expressive humanoid robot designed to identify and react to human emotions.Equipped with a camera and sensors, Pepper, which is 4ft tall and weighs 62lb, costs 198,000 yen ($1,600).Pepper can react to human emotions by offering comfort, or laughing if told a joke and the robot has the ability to learn. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5037783/Sony-revives-robot-pet-dog.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 663 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - The woman who can ONLY eat rice and vegetables!
 
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A 25-year-old woman has revealed how her life is blighted by an allergy to all food - except rice and vegetables.Sophie Willis has mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS) - which causes blood cells to inappropriately react with certain foods and fragrances.The rare condition, which strikes around one in 150,000 people, means she can go into life-threatening anaphylactic shock, break out in a rash or have swollen lips if she has a reaction.The wedding veil designer, from London, cannot consume yeast, meat, fish, diary and preservatives. She is also affected by sunlight and thunder.One doctor refused to believe her bizarre symptoms - and sent her for counselling, while another assumed her seizures were due to Lyme disease.Miss Willis, who now takes 60 pills a day to combat her condition, said: 'I cannot eat anything but vegetables and rice, if I eat any other food I collapse and go into anaphylactic shock.'Before I knew about my condition I would end up suffering an allergic reaction up to seven times a day.'Miss Willis used to lead an active lifestyle, running half marathons and regularly dining out with friends, before falling ill in 2014.She said: 'I started blacking out several times a day. My throat would close up and my face would swell up. It was terrifying.'Her condition baffled doctors and, over the next two years, she visited more than 30 hospitals across the country desperate for a diagnosis.Miss Willis said: 'I endured countless tests. Doctors thought I had Lyme disease because I kept having seizures.'They discovered I had two underlying conditions, a connective tissue disorder called EDS and a heart condition called POTTS, which are common in people who suffer from MCAS.'One doctor told me that it was all in my head and even sent me to counselling. It was frustrating.'Finally, in August 2016, doctors diagnosed her with MCAS.Mast cells, a type of blood cell, react to foreign bodies and injury by releasing a variety of chemical mediators, such as histamine, in order to fight infections.In a person with MCAS, the same chemicals are inappropriately triggered causing allergy-like symptoms.Miss Willis said: 'When I eat certain foods, the mast cells in my body react badly- this combined with my other two conditions causes me to pass out.'I am now essentially allergic to every food, other than vegetables and rice.'If I eat any other food my throat, eyes and lips swell up, and I can be in excruciating pain all over my body.'Once, before my diagnosis, I was out shopping on my own when I collapsed on the floor.'She added: 'I couldn't even shout out for help because one of the side affects of MCAS is brain fog, where I am unable to think or speak properly.'After that I avoided going out with friends in fear of having a reaction.'Thankfully, I quickly realised that foods were a trigger for my allergic reactions.'It's boring, but allows me to live my life with some normality, so I have stopped blacking out.'Miss Willis claims that sunlight and loud noi AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5581213/The-woman-eat-rice-vegetables.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 4385 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Isaac Newton 2018 50p set to be a rare collector's coin
 
05:29
Most eager numismatists know that the rarest 50p in circulation is the Kew Gardens one, minted in 2009, with a run of just 210,000.Featuring the pagoda, one can sell for a tidy sum online – up to £50, thanks to its rarity.However, this year could see an even rarer coin than that Kew Gardens one – making it worth a mint in the near future - and some are already selling online for more than £80, or 160 times face value.Last year, the Royal Mint launched a 50p coin featuring Sir Isaac Newton. It has confirmed that it will offer a 2018 version of the coin – but the only place collectors can get their mitts on one is via the Royal Mint Experience in Llantrisant, Wales.Importantly, no 2018 Sir Isaac Newton coins will be released into circulation, meaning the likelihood is that these will become rarer than the Kew Gardens coin.This is Money visited the Mint last year and struck our own 12-sided £1 coin ahead of its launch.Early birds appear to have also visited this year, as some 2018 dated 50ps are already selling on websites such as eBay for £80.That's profit of around £60 factoring in the cost to strike one and the Royal Mint Experience entry fee, a better short-term return than even cryptocurrencies which have seen a boom in the last six months.The Royal Mint adds that this only available for a 'limited time only and subject to availability'.According to the Royal Mint Experience website, striking your own coin experience is limited to one coin per person per tour, again, adding to the exclusivity. It costs £5 to do on top of the entry ticket of £13.The coin is of 'brilliant uncirculated' standard. This is described by the Mint as having a higher standard than circulating and bullion coins.An expert at blog Change Checker said: 'We're predicting that due to the short time frame and visitor numbers, there could well be substantially less than 210,000 of these coins struck, meaning the 2018 Sir Isaac Newton 50p coin could well have a lower mintage figure than even the Kew Gardens 50p.'Sir Isaac Newton enjoyed a long association with the Royal Mint – he is perhaps the most famous 'Master of the Mint.'Although the coins are only available in Wales, some may come into ownership and accidentally spend them in the future.So if you do get a coin featuring the astronomer and mathematician, check the date on the reverse.After the Kew Gardens 50p, the next lowest minted 50p coins in circulation are from the Olympic coin range, but even these have mintage figures of 1million or more.The Royal Mint recently revealed its mintage figures for 2017, which showed that the Sir Isaac Newton coin had a mintage of 1.8million, making it the second rarest 50p behind the Kew Gardens coin (excluding 2012 Olympic ones).It even has a lower mintage figure than the 2016 Jemima Puddle-Duck coin, part of the Beatrix Potter collection.This had a mintage of 2.1million and changes hands for tidy sums online as people look to complete the set of characters. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5247211/Isaac-Newton-2018-50p-set-rare-collectors-coin.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 5137 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Could cannabis be a CURE for psychosis?
 
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A cannabis compound could hold promise as a treatment for psychosis - despite the drug being a known cause, 'promising' research suggests.Cannabidiol, subject to an array of research in recent years, is widely considered to have therapeutic benefits for dozens of ailments, including multiple sclerosis.And a new medical trial, led by Kings College London scientists, has now found it can ease symptoms of psychosis - such as hallucinations and hearing voices.The British study, which involved 88 patients, offers sufferers hope of a drug that doesn't trigger any serious side effects.However, the findings dispute the substantial body of evidence that links smoking cannabis to the mental health condition that drives some to suicide.Campaigners have long been concerned that super-strength skunk, flooding the illegal market at a worrying rate, is actually fuelling rates of psychosis.But these high potency strains, often purposely created by criminals, are abundant in tetrehydrocannabinol (THC) - responsible for marijuana's high.Researchers believe CBD, which doesn't cause a high, has quite the opposite effect - and has been touted as a cure for various conditions.How was the study carried out?Volunteers in the trial either received CBD or a placebo for six weeks on top of their traditional medication.Before and after treatment, researchers assessed how bad their symptoms were. A psychiatrist evaluated their overall mental state.Patients treated with CBD had lower levels of psychotic symptoms than those who received a placebo, the scientists concluded.They were also more likely to have been rated as 'improved' by their psychiatrist, according to the study in the American Journal of Psychiatry.Professor Philip McGuire, lead researcher, found that treatment with CBD was not associated with any significant side effects.He said this was important because 'patients may be reluctant to take anti-psychotic medication because of concerns about side effects'.'Although it is still unclear exactly how CBD works, it acts in a different way to anti-psychotic medication, and thus could represent a new class of treatment.'Anti-psychosis drugs have been used as a first-line treatment for 60 years - but are worryingly linked to heart attacks.Figures estimate that around one per cent of the population suffer from psychosis, which can cause delusions, such as hearing voices, and lead to severe distress.Ian Hamilton, a lecturer in mental health at York University, welcomed the findings, which he described as 'timely'.He told MailOnline: 'Traditional medicines are not tolerated well by patients as they have a range of side effects which can put people off taking them.'Mr Hamilton suggested that the medicines using CBD could be effective at treating the symptoms of the condition.Is there a risk of psychosis?He was behind research in April that found the risk of developing psychosis as a result of smoking cannabis is much lower than first thought.A review of existing studies pub AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5180317/Could-cannabis-CURE-psychosis.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 278 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Research sheds light on how HIV virus 'hides' from treatments
 
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A cure for HIV could be in the pipeline, scientists claim.Experiments have today revealed exactly how the killer virus hides away, preventing antiviral drugs from flushing it out.Researchers haven long been baffled as to why some infected cells can go dormant and evade detection for years.But the new findings, made by University of California, San Francisco researchers, finally offer the medical community an answer.They discovered the cells can spontaneously become 'latent' - or dormant - by refusing to make the virus like a normally infected cell.The experts behind the trial, derived from 18 HIV patients, claim they can 'now start developing drugs' to allow the body to kill the dormant cells.There are currently no treatments that exist that can kill latent cells or stop them from reactivating in the future.Typically, the virus infects CD4 T cells, a type of immune cell, and uses the cell's DNA to produce viral RNA - which transports genetic messages for making proteins.These new virus bodies then leave the cell to infect more.However, the latency phase, in which an HIV-infected cell stops making the virus for a long period of time, has remained a mystery.Because they are not reproducing the virus, they are difficult to target using current treatments. And they can be deadly when they become active.'We can't even separate out uninfected from infected cells, let alone latently infected cells,' said Dr Steven Yukl, from the University of California, San Francisco.'Latently-infected cells are extremely rare - one in one million CD4 T cells - and we don't know how to identify them.'Why they sometimes become active again is poorly understood. There are currently no treatments that can kill latent cells or stop them from reactivating.WHAT IS AN 'UNDETECTABLE VIRAL LOAD' OF HIV?  A person with HIV becomes 'undetectable' when treatment suppresses the virus to a level so low in their blood that it cannot be detected by measurements. If a person is undetectable and stays on treatment, they cannot pass HIV on to a partner. No study has ever shown HIV transmission from someone with an undetectable viral load. To date, an undetectable load is almost always achieved with daily doses of antiretroviral drugs. But a number of clinical trials - including PRO-140 by CytoDyn, which Charlie Sheen is involved in - hope to be developing treatments that could be administered on a weekly or fortnightly basis. Roughly 30 percent of America's 1.2 million people with HIV have reached an undetectable viral load which underscores the need for expanded access to testing, treatment, and care. For more information and resources, visit the Prevention Access Campaign website.To try and understand how they work better, the San Francisco team performed a series of tests on the latent HIV-infected cells.They discovered bits and pieces of viral RNA, showing the virus was attempting to reproduce unsuccessfully.'It's not that the cells aren't making viral RNA, but that the RNA isn't fin AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5464459/Research-sheds-light-HIV-virus-hides-treatments.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 382 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Women should not clean their vaginas with Vicks' VapoRub
 
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Experts are urging women not to clean their vaginas with Vicks' Vaporub after a bizarre internet trend has spurred many to experience tingling in their genitalia.Online forums and blogs claim the ointment, intended to soothe an irritating cough, can boost women's sex lives, clean the intimate area, cure thrush and even maintain a pleasant odour on the vagina.VapoRub, which gives users a tingling sensation when applied on the chest, apparently elicits the same gentle tickling feeling when put on intimate areas, leading blogs to suggest women smear it on their clitoris or men's penises.Some forums also claim the ointment could cure vaginal thrush, however, experts argue applying such products could introduce infections or make them worse by disrupting the intimate area's bacteria.The need to apply VapoRub as a fragrance to the vagina, which is self-cleaning, is also concerning, as genitalia should not have a strong odour.WHY YOU SHOULDN'T CLEAN VAGINAS WITH CUCUMBERS: TREND INCREASES RISK OF INFECTIONS  A doctor warned women earlier this month not to use a cucumber as a douche for the vagina in a bizarre and dangerous trend that is sweeping the web. Dubbed the 'vagina facial', the craze involves inserting the peeled salad staple into your intimate parts before twisting it around for approximately 20 minutes. Bloggers claim the fruit's high vitamin content sanitises genitals and gives vagina's a pleasant odour. Certain forums add cucumbers can even reduce a woman's chances of contracting sexually transmitted infections. Yet an expert has warned the practice could actually leave women at a greater risk of infections, like gonorrhoea and even HIV. Canadian gynaecologist Dr Jen Gunter says washing with a cucumber upsets the natural pH balance of intimate areas.The trend to apply VapoRub as a cleanser or fragrance could lead to women developing vaginal thrush or bacterial vaginosis, with experts arguing vaginas are self-cleansing via naturally-occurring discharge.The need to apply a fragrance to combat an odour is a sign something is wrong and should be checked by a doctor.Contrary to what some blogs suggest, VapoRub, which remains on the skin for hours, will also not cure an existing thrush infection and could even make it worse by further disrupting the vagina's bacteria.Dr Vanessa Mackay, a gynaecologist and spokeswomen for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, told The Sun: 'It [the vagina] contains good bacteria, which are there to protect it from infections.'Disturbing the natural flora through extensive cleaning can lead to infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or thrush, and inflammation.'Use plain, unperfumed soaps to wash the area around the vagina [the vulva], not inside it, gently every day.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5008585/Women-not-clean-vaginas-Vicks-VapoRub.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 724 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Russia unveils SKYF heavy lift drones
 
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A new drone designed by Russian researchers is the hulk of the quadcopter world - and can carry a 400-pound (181-kg) payload and fly for up to eight hours.The multi-rotor, autonomous drone, called SKYF, was designed with logistics and agribusinesses companies in mind to create a air freight platform to help business carry out tasks.The vertical take-off and landing drone has applications in areas such as the aerial application of pesticides and fertilizers, seed planting for forest restoration and emergency situations for food and medicine delivery.The drone, designed by Russian company ARDN technology, has a maximum flight speed of 70 kilometers per hour (43.5 miles per hour) and is 5.2 meters (17 feet) by 2.2 meters (7.2 feet).It can fly at a maximum height of 3,000 meters (9,843 feet) and has a positional accuracy of 30 centimeters (11.8 inches).According to ARDN, although it's fairly large in size, it can fold down and two can fit into a 20-foot (6-meter) cargo container.In addition, it required 10 minutes of setup before it can fly, ARDN says.Currently, prototypes of the drone are receiving encrypted instructions from a flight dispatch center.SKYF relies on gasoline-powered engines for lift and electric motors for stabilization to transport heavy loads up to 350 kilometers away (when carrying loads of 110 pounds, or 50 kg).Specifically, the drone uses the gasoline-powered engines for its two primary lift props, and uses all four sets of twin props with electric motors to help stabilize and steer it.According to ARDN, this dual-advantage separation of features is what allows the unmanned drone to to carry heavy loads.The patented, heavy-duty drone is also able to hover and move at low speeds, making it ideal for package delivery tasks.According to ARDN, it can operate under a wide range of weather conditions at any time of day.The drone's design is also modular, meaning versions can be modified for added fuel range and other features.SKYF it able to directly use the energy of its internal combustion engine without the need for an electrical hybrid system, enhancing its reliability and also driving down its price, maintenance costs and total weight, according to ARDN.ARDN says that the drone has applications in a wide range of fields, including delivering postal items to hard to reach places, delivering cargo to ships at sea and even weather management, for example extinguishing fires and preventing the accumulation of snow in fields.It's not yet clear how much the drone costs or when it will be released, but it could have a major impact on a wide range of industries. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5115609/Russia-unveils-SKYF-heavy-lift-drones.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 7950 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Boy with Prader-Willi syndrome means never feels full
 
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A mother has claimed she often finds her four-year-old son rooting through bins for food - because a rare genetic disorder means he can never feel full.Frankie Udall, from Billericay, Essex, suffers from Prader-Willi syndrome, an incurable disease that can make him scream and lash out due to his hunger.His mother Tayla has attempted to deal with his condition by limiting his calorie intake but said it has left her feeling like she is continually 'starving her own child' despite knowing it is best for him in the long term.Many sufferers are left obese as they eat up to six times their recommended amount.Miss Udall has even had to install a stair gate to prevent Frankie from accessing the kitchen alone, and also makes him eat in a separate room to his brother Albie so that he doesn't try to steal his brother's meal.The 21-year-old is now showing heartbreaking footage of Frankie screaming after his meals to raise awareness of the life-changing disease.Miss Udall said: 'It's the worst feeling in the whole entire world. I feel like I'm starving my own child.'He'll go from totally fine to completely upset and hurting himself when he can't have food.'The fact I have to tell him he can't have any more food breaks my heart. He does honestly think he's starving.'As a mum, when your child cries you want to feed them. This goes against your instinct.'Frankie will eat a meal then want to keep on eating. He'll wake up thinking he's starving, eat his breakfast then ask for more and I have to say no.'Since starting school, Miss Udall believes the routine and eating when other children eat has helped Frankie understand meal times and portions.She added: 'He's in a better routine now since he started school in September and he knows when each meal time is, but when he's not at school he will try to eat constantly all day and try to get into the kitchen.'I had to get a stair gate to stop him getting in there - it's really sad. I left it open by accident a few months ago and he was going into the bin looking for food because he felt that hungry.'He will have two snacks along with lunch during the school day but, Miss Udall has his dinner on the table for exactly 4pm to avoid a 'complete meltdown'.One of the main symptoms of Prader-Willi syndrome is obsessive pursuit of food, which can lead to stealing and hiding food.Miss Udall said: 'Frankie will have his snack at school, then lunch then he'll want another snack. When he gets home from school I'll need to have his dinner ready for 4pm.'If it isn't on the table by then, he will have a complete meltdown and often afterwards, he'll ask for more. When I say no, he'll get really upset.'I try to give him fruit to make him feel full up while helping him stay healthy.She added: 'After his dinner and pudding, he'll then ask for more food later in the evening. I have the challenge of trying not to make him feel like he's going without.'He constantly forgets he had dinner and will eat a meal then ask for food half an hour later. When we say no, he'll start screaming.'Sometimes I'll know he wants more but I can't do it. He doesn't understand that he's full up.'I have to let the boys eat dinner in separate rooms because Frankie will try to steal Albie's dinner.'He'll scream and cry because he thinks he's still hungry. Along with that, he'll become really aggressive towards me, his brother and often himself. It's horrific and really hard.'When Miss Udall knew something wasn't rightFrom when he was a baby, Miss Udall kn1
Views: 682 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - BT ‘to shut’ pension scheme with £14bn black hole
 
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Thousands of BT staff face having their retirement nest eggs cut as chief executive Gavin Patterson moves to rein in the firm’s pension scheme deficit.The 50-year-old is looking at options to reduce costs, including closing its final salary scheme and moving members to defined contribution schemes. Formal proposals are expected within weeks.BT yesterday said it could also give the pension scheme a ‘prior claim’ over its assets, including buildings such as BT Tower or its BT Centre headquarters in the City.At the last review the pension scheme deficit was nearly £10bn, but analysts now believe it could be closer to £14bn.Patterson insisted he had not yet ‘made a decision to close anything’, but added: ‘In the next few weeks we will be consulting members on a range of different proposals around benefits, both the defined benefit and the defined contribution schemes. We need to balance a number of things – affordability, fairness, making sure that there is not one group of employees that [is] being treated unfairly.’The shake-up could put him on a collision course with union chiefs.Last night, the Communication Workers Union warned against closure of the final salary scheme.It is in the middle of a bitter dispute with Royal Mail over similar changes. A union spokesman said: ‘We remain resolute in our opposition to closure of the BT pension scheme, and have made it clear to BT on repeated occasions that closure will result in an industrial dispute.’It is one of the issues Patterson is grappling with towards the end of a torrid year for the company.The company yesterday unveiled half-year results showing revenues fell 1 per cent, to £5.95bn, in the three months to September 30, when compared to last year. Profits fell 1 per cent to £666m in the same period. It added only 7,000 customers to its TV services – compared to 63,000 last year – after customers were told they would no longer be free with phone and internet services.It has spent billions on rights to broadcast Champions League and Premier League football matches and is again due to go up against Sky, in the next quarter, at auction.Meanwhile, problems at its Global Services division were cushioned by a strong performance from its mobile division – mainly EE – which added 279,000 customers.It comes after a £530m accounting scandal in BT’s Italian arm, a slowdown in public sector business and several bitter rows with watchdog Ofcom, have weighed on its share price.Patterson and Clive Selley, chief executive of BT’s network arm, Openreach, are also under mounting political pressure to invest more in Britain’s broadband network. Shares fell 2.7 per cent, or 6.9p, to 253.6p – the lowest since February 2013.Amid speculation about Patterson’s position, Jan du Plessis took over as chairman on Wednesday but backed him in meetings with shareholders. BT has shed 1,500 staff this year, with another 2,500 to go. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5044281/BT-shut-pension-scheme-14bn-black-hole.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 178 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Red wine could HELP you get pregnant
 
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If you’re trying to get pregnant the current NHS advice is to abstain completely from alcohol.But a moderate amount of red wine – no more than five glasses a month – could actually boost the chances of conceiving, research suggests.The study found a link between drinking red wine and healthy ovaries that produce more eggs.White wine, beer, spirits or more than five glasses of red a month did not have the same effect.Doctors have said alcohol should be avoided when trying for a baby to prevent harming development on conception.Researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine in the US set out to examine the effect of alcohol on fertility because previous findings were ‘conflicting’.They studied 135 women aged 18 to 44 and measured their ovarian reserve.This is the ovaries’ capacity to make healthy egg cells, which is measured by counting the antral follicles that produce them.Antral follicle count (AFC) is the standard way of assessing a woman’s fertility.The typical number for a woman in her 30s is around 12 or 13, but this decreases over time.Women who drank moderate amounts of red wine were found to have the highest ovarian reserve.The researchers, led by Dr Ashley Eskew, wrote: ‘The impact of lifestyle factors including dietary patterns and alcohol intake on ovarian reserve are conflicting.‘The objective of this study was to determine if alcohol intake is associated with ovarian reserve as determined by AFC.Red wine intake is associated with ovarian reserve as measured by AFC.’ They were unsure about how exactly red wine might boost ovary health, but said it could be that it contains the anti-inflammatory compound resveratrol.The findings will be presented at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine in San Antonio, Texas, next week. However, other experts urged caution, saying that a larger-scale study was needed before any conclusions could be drawn.Head of the British Fertility Society Adam Balen said: ‘This is an interesting study, albeit with a small sample size which means that it doesn’t reach statistical significance.It is an interesting idea that a small amount of red wine might be positively associated with ovarian reserve.‘However we have to remember that the exposure of the developing foetus to alcohol may cause irreversible developmental damage and so alcohol consumption should be less than six units per week for women wishing to conceive.’And Dr Channa Jayasena, a lecturer in reproductive endocrinology at Imperial College London, warned women not to ‘rush out’ and drink red wine.He said: ‘There is a lot of interest in whether anti-oxidants could improve fertility in men and women. It is tempting to tell women to rush out and drink red wine, which contains anti-oxidants, but this study does not support that.’Debate has long raged over whether pregnant women should abstain from alcohol once they are pregnant – as recommended by the NHS.But last month Bristol University researchers found there was ‘surprisingly limited’ evidence that drinking up to four units a week caused birth defects. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5025753/Red-wine-HELP-pregnant.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 388 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Highways England trials using sunflower oil on potholes
 
07:18
Sunflower oil is being used to prevent potholes by filling cracks in the road.Highways England is carrying out a trial, after sunflower oil capsules added to asphalt were found to make roads ‘self heal’.It costs more than £88million a year to fill in the potholes in England’s roads, making the cooking oil – at around £1.15 a litre in shops – a relatively cheap solution.It works by making bitumen, the sticky black substance used in road surfacing, less thick so that it pours more easily into cracks before they form the dangerous trenches.Engineers at the University of Nottingham, who sourced their sunflower oil from a local supermarket, found the capsules do not make road surfaces more slippery or less durable as feared.But they do allow asphalt to ‘self heal’, delaying the need to close roads and fill in holes.Highways England, which funded the research, will add 18.5 litres of sunflower oil to five tonnes of asphalt along a five-yard stretch to ensure that it works.Researchers say, if successful, it could be rolled out across the road network within five years.Senior author Dr Alvaro Garcia, from the faculty of engineering at the University of Nottingham, said: ‘You could use any oil and have the same effect, from motor oil to recycled cooking oil, although sunflower oil is very cheap.‘This solution allows roads to repair their own cracks of up to half a millimetre width in a matter of hours, which bitumen alone could not do.‘We are tremendously excited about these self-healing properties and can see a future free of potholes and road maintenance.’Potholes form after sunshine causes roads to swell, before night-time temperatures fall and they contract.The weight of the traffic as this happens causes cracks to form, which become larger when rainwater falls into them, freezes and expands.Bitumen, the viscous material taken from tar or petrol which helps make up asphalt, can fill these cracks, but takes two to three days to do so and only when a road is shut and has no traffic.Sunflower oil speeds this process up to four hours, by making the bitumen less thick and better able to flow. It is expected to do so even with traffic on the road.Dr Garcia was inspired by the Spanish version of the television show Masterchef, where he saw oil ‘spherified’ into small globes like caviar.He used the same technique to create capsules of sunflower oil measuring a tenth of an inch (2.9 millimetres), using an emulsifier and calcium to give them a hard shell.The capsules can remain in a road for many years, but break open only when the build-up of traffic pressure reaches the point which causes cracks.Researchers say the oil, which ‘sticks’ the asphalt back together, could increase a road’s lifespan by at least a third - from 12 to 16 years.When used on asphalt, the material recovered more than half of its initial strength, compared to 14 per cent without the capsules.The study is believed to be the first to successfully use sunflower oil to repair asphalt.Dr Garcia previously worked on using metal fibres to melt bitumen and fill in road cracks, but this requires a large and expensive induction heater.The Asphalt Industry Alliance, which puts the cost of filling England’s potholes at £88.3 million a year (SUBS – PLS KEEP), says more than 1.7million have been filled in Britain over the past year.However, covering the entire road network would require 82,000 tonnes of sunflower oil.Robin Griffiths, senior pavements adviser at Highways England, said: ‘We kno1
Views: 354 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - NSW five-year-old is going through the menopause
 
05:29
A five-year-old girl who grew breasts at just two years old and started her period at four is going through the menopause.Emily Dover, from New South Wales in Australia, was a toddler when she started to develop breasts, body odour and acne.She started menstruating at just four years old and, within the past 12 months, has grown pubic hair due to suffering from Addison's Disease.Now going through the menopause as a result of her aggressive treatment, Emily is experiencing the same debilitating symptoms that normally affect women in their 50s.Emily, who weighs seven stone, also endures bullying at playschool for her size, leaving her parents terrified she will always be seen as the 'different kid' at school.'She hasn't had a chance to be a little girl'Emily's mother Tam, 41, who works in a local hospital, told The Mirror: 'She hasn't even had a chance to be a little girl.'By two years of age, Emily had breast buds and body odour, and a rash on her skin since birth that was now being diagnosed as cystic acne.'Something was very wrong with our little girl.'When Emily first started her period, she thought she had soiled herself.Now older, she is learning how to use sanitary towels but still tells her parents her 'foo foo is bleeding'.The youngster wakes daily with swollen wrists and ankles; sore, itchy breasts and very painful bone growth issues.Emily's parents react calmly to the youngster's symptoms in an attempt to encourage her to do the same.Although Emily is aware her body is different to other girls her age, the youngster is clueless as to why.Size of a one-year-old at four monthsAlthough Emily at seven stone is larger than other children her age and extremely body conscious, she was born a healthy baby and was even the smallest of her siblings weighing 8lbs at birth.Yet at just one week old she started crying out in pain and struggling to sleep.By the time she reached four weeks old, she grew 4cm in just seven days.At four months old, she was the size of a one-year-old.The youngster endured years of doctors visits who dismissed her height as genetic and symptoms of vomiting and infections as being a result of being in daycare.Finally, Emily was diagnosed with Addison's Disease this year after blood tests revealed she had the hormone levels of a pregnant woman.She also has central precocious puberty - where puberty starts too early in children, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, autism, sensory processing disorder and anxiety.To treat her complex health issues, Emily is due to start a course of monthly injections that kick start her body into a very premature menopause, with all its side effects.Her parents will have to pay the equivalent of £1,105 per shot as the working couple are not entitled to healthcare.They have exhausted their paid leave caring for the youngster, who frequently becomes unwell.The couple are hoping to raise money to fund Emily's vital treatment. Donate here. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4963628/Five-year-old-going-menopause.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 10121 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Workhorse to test electric vans in California, Ohio
 
05:08
Electric delivery van maker Workhorse Group Inc said on Tuesday it will test its new lightweight N-Gen electric van in cities in Ohio and California as the race to develop mass-market electric delivery vehicles heats up.Workhorse's customers already include package delivery groups United Parcel Service Inc and FedEx Corp.Chief Executive Officer Steve Burns told Reuters the company has signed up a new customer but said he could not disclose the name.Workhorse will test two versions of the van, including one carrying a drone in the roof for remote deliveries, he added.The company is already testing van-based drone deliveries with UPS.Burns did not disclose the exact locations for the tests, but said they would take place in several cities in Ohio and California.Cincinnati-based Workhorse is also in the running for a contract to replace the delivery vans in the United States Postal Service's fleet, in partnership with a unit of Singapore Technologies Engineering Ltd.The N-Gen has a similar frame to the vehicle the USPS is evaluating.Workhorse said the tests will begin in the first quarter of 2018.The market for medium- and heavy-duty electric trucks is in its infancy and the distance they can travel before recharging is still limited.They tend to cost more than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles, but as battery costs come down they should become more competitive.Vehicle manufacturers such as Daimler AG and Navistar International Corp, as well as Tesla Inc and a host of other new entrants, are racing to overcome the challenges of substituting batteries for diesel engines as regulators crack down on carbon dioxide and soot pollution.Some manufacturers argue that with their short, largely predictable daily routes, delivery vehicles are a natural market for electrified versions.Cutting the high cost associated with last-mile delivery as ecommerce has grown has become a major priority for the likes of Amazon Inc, which runs its own delivery service in some cities and has leased cargo planes to reduce expenses.Daimler said in September that UPS will be the first U.S. commercial customer for its new battery-powered eCanter truck.U.S. truck leasing and rental company Ryder System Inc is a strategic service partner with Workhorse and last week also ordered 125 all-electric delivery vans from Chanje, a unit of FDG Electric Vehicles Ltd.Workhorse's Burns said the N-Gen van has a lightweight carbon frame, weighs 5,500 lbs (2,495 kg) when empty - 5,000 lbs lighter than comparable vehicles - and its load space measures 500 cubic feet (14 cubic meters).He said Workhorse vans cost more than conventional vehicles, but gas and fuel savings make up the difference in less than three years.'The premium that we charge is made back very quickly,' he said.'Fleets that look at total cost of ownership understand that and that's how we sell our vehicles.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5058411/Workhorse-test-electric-vans-new-customer-California-Ohio.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3530 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - How did Stephen Hawking live so long with ALS?
 
08:28
ALS has a life expectancy of about three to 10 years, but Stephen Hawking lived with the disease for more than five decades.Despite being confined to a wheelchair since his early 20s, that didn't hold back the esteemed theoretical physicist, who earned comparisons to Albert Einstein and Sir Isaac Newton for his research on the cosmos.He lost his capacity to speak in 1985, but a voice synthesizer allowed him to continue communicating - from conversations to interviews - until his death in the early hours of Wednesday morning at home in Cambridge.Hawking, who wrote 15 books and starred in the Simpsons and Star Trek, was the second very high profile ALS sufferer after Lou Gehrig, the baseball player who catapulted the rare disease into the public eye.And yet, scientists still cannot explain what causes the disease, nor how to treat it, slow it, prevent it or cure it.It means Hawking was something of a medical marvel, offering hope to ALS sufferers globally who have no idea at diagnosis whether they could hope to live as long as him.Here, we explain what we know about his longevity.ALS is an acronym for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.It is also referred to as motor neurone disease, or Lou Gehrig's Disease after the US baseball player when he was diagnosed in 1939 at just 36 years old.The disease is a rare condition that progressively damages parts of the nervous system.It occurs when specialist nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord called motor neurons stop working properly - known as neurodegeneration.WHAT IS THE LIFE EXPECTANCY?Life expectancy for about half of those with the condition is three years from the start of symptoms. Some people may live for up to 10 years, and in rarer circumstances even longer.Progressing as slowly as Hawking, however, occurs in just one percent of cases.WHAT DID HAWKING TEACH SCIENTISTS ABOUT ALS?Hawking's case offered clear evidence to researchers that ALS is more variable than many realize.There are multiple forms of the disease, generally broken down into four categories:All of those forms have the potential to kill the patient by affecting the respiratory system (diaphragm) and muscles to swallow (which causes malnutrition and dehydration).However, Hawking's diaphragm and swallowing muscles remained intact until the end of his life.It showed scientists that, if that is the case, the patient could live a much longer life than expected, even if they lose their capacity to move and talk.His case also showed that ALS sufferers can escape damage to essential parts of the brain.While scientists remain somewhat baffled by his long life, many posit that it could have something to do with him being diagnosed at such a young age.The condition can affect adults of all ages, including teenagers, although this is extremely rare.It's usually diagnosed in people (mainly men) over 40, but most people with the condition first develop symptoms in their 60s.Juvenile ALS, however, progresses at a much, much slower rate than later-i AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5500815/How-did-Stephen-Hawking-live-long-ALS.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2622 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Beatles legend John Lennon's Monkey Bike is up for auction
 
05:39
A Honda Monkey Bike formerly owned by Beatles legend John Lennon is set to go under the hammer in March and has been earmarked to sell for a staggering £30,000.The 1969 Honda Z50A was used by the singer song-writer to get around his Tittenhurst Park estate in Berkshire between 1969 to 1971 before being sold for just £250.Versions of Honda's miniature trials bike of a similar age have recently sold at auction for more than £5,000. If Beatles and bike collectors want this one, they'll need to stump up at least six times that figure to get a Ticket to Ride to buy it.The Monkey Bike will be available at H&H Classics' National Motorcycle Museum Motorcycle Auction in Solihull in the West Midlands on 4 March.Pictures supplied with the sale of registration number XUC 91H show Lennon riding the Monkey Bike at the Sunningdale premises near Ascot with son Julian on the back in February 1970.This was just before the Beatles legend flogged it to Henry Graham, the owner of bike shop Motor Cycle City in Farnborough in 1971, before moving to the US.Later in the same year, current owner John Harington - a yachtsman from Weymouth, Dorset - purchased the dinky Honda for £250 and, not believing it was actually owned by the Beatles star, took the diminutive motorcycle on his boats and used it regularly to get around foreign ports.However, after seeing images of the iconic music star riding the bike, Harington conducted his own research and had the authenticity of the Honda approved in 2011, confirming it was first owned by Lennon.At the time of receiving this approval, Mr Harington was quoted by The Times as rejecting an offer of £90,000 for the little Honda, because 'like a fine wine it becomes more valuable with time'.Having kept the bike for 47 years, the last six of which have been spent displaying it at events and shows, the bike is now being offered for sale, though with no official reserve price.H&H Classics describes the machine as unrestored with largely original parts, and as being in running order.Mark Bryan, head of sales in the auction houses motorcycle department, said: 'Naturally we are thrilled to be entrusted with the marketing and sale of this bike, given its extraordinary provenance.'A similar model, previously used by fellow Beatles band mate Ringo Starr and also reported to have been owned by Lennon, sold in 2008 for £36,000 in a Bonhams sale in Knightbridge, London.The bike, a Honda 160Z Monkey Bike, was said to have been owned by the Imagine and Happy Xmas (War is Over) singer and was showcased alongside the same image of Lennon and his son from 1970 when it went under the hammer a decade ago.According to the former keeper, it was inherited by Ringo Starr when Lennon and Yoko Ono moved from the country estate to New York.The drummer later gifted the bike to Richard Anderson, a landscape gardener, who had helped Starr move from the Tittenhurst Park premises.A comparable 1969 Honda Z50A Mini-Trial Monkey Bike signed by the late Formula 1 and Moto AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/cars/article-5234919/Beatles-legend-John-Lennons-Monkey-Bike-auction.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 295 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Stunning video footage shows how vitamin B1 cured the tremors of two patients
 
04:36
Super-strength doses of vitamin B1 could cure the shakes, scientists claim.The 'remarkable' treatment worked on two patients in their 70s - and stopped their tremors from playing havoc on their lives.Stunning video footage showed how thiamine, or vitamin B1, changed the lives of the patients, who were both plagued by the shakes.The life-changing injections – which provide 100 times more of the vitamin than recommended - gave one man the ability to drink a cup of tea again.Italian researchers at a nursing home, who tested the high doses of thiamine, believe it could offer hope of a new way of combating essential tremors.Medics, led by Dr Antonio Constantini, published the results of the ongoing three-year long trial in the prestigious BMJ Case Reports.He wrote: 'High-dose thiamine has led to a rapid, remarkable and persistent improvement of the symptoms in two patients with essential tremor.'This result suggests the possibility that high doses of intramuscular thiamine may be an affordable alternative.' He added it was 'highly effective'.No side effects have been noted so far – unlike that of the current drugs given to patients with essential tremor to combat tremors, or the shakes.The neurological disease, which can greatly affect life quality, strikes between four and 10 per cent of the population, according to estimates.Dr Costantini, of the Villa Immacolata in Viterbo, added: 'We deem necessary a lifelong use of high-dose thiamine in affected subjects.'The man, who was 70 when he started treatment four years ago in 2014, suffered from the shakes for five years before seeking help.It initially affected his handwriting but it eventually robbed him of his ability to use a spoon, pour items and even carry trays.Doctors in Viterbo – 50 miles (80km) north of Rome – gave him two doses of 100mg of thiamine weekly. Adults are advised to have 1mg each day.He scored 17 on a points scale designed to measure symptoms of essential tremor before treatment. This dropped to just 6.5 three months after.The woman, who also suffered from essential tremor, realised that she had a slight shake while decorating objects with her tools.She sought help at the same clinic and in November 2014 was started on 100mg injections of thiamine twice a week.Before the treatment she scored 21 points on the ADLS tremor score. This dropped to seven after three months of the injections. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5573807/Stunning-video-footage-shows-vitamin-B1-cured-tremors-two-patients.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 133 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Mysterious molten rock discovered under New Hampshire
 
06:07
An enormous mass of molten rock hundreds of miles across is rising beneath an idyllic area of the US, a new study has found.Using advanced geophysical instruments, experts looked at seismic waves - vibrations that pass through our planet following earthquakes - to make the finding.The bulbous upswelling, compared by researchers to a hot air balloon, could one day lead to a volcanic eruption - although this isn't likely for millions of years.Researchers were interested in what happens at the interface between tectonic plates, the thick, solid layers of minerals that cover our planet, and material in the upper mantle beneath the plates. This will let them see how North America is gliding over the deeper parts of our planet.  It is a very large and relatively stable region, but they found an irregular pattern with rather abrupt changes in it. They think the upwelling pattern detected is largely beneath central Vermont and western New Hampshire, but it's also under western Massachusetts.  It may be present elsewhere, but the study's findings were based on available seismic observations.In the largest geological study of its kind, researchers used a network of thousands of seismic measurement devices to detect the strange blob.The study focused on New England, where scientists had previously documented an area of warmth, hundreds of degrees Celsius hotter than neighbouring regions, in the Earth's upper mantle.The lithosphere, Earth's solid outer shell, consists of the upper mantle and the crust that includes the surface.Seismic waves provide a window into the Earth's interior by revealing the shapes of objects, changes in the state of materials and clues about their texture.Thousands of seismic measurement devices, which were 46.6 miles (75 km) apart, covered the continental United States for two years taking measurements.They uncovered evidence for the blob, thought to have been growing over tens of millions of years, buried among this data.Lead author Vadim Levin, a geophysicist and professor at Rutgers department of Earth and planetary sciences, said: 'The upwelling we detected is like a hot air balloon, and we infer that something is rising up through the deeper part of our planet under New England.'It is not Yellowstone-like, but it's a distant relative in the sense that something relatively small – no more than a couple hundred miles across – is happening.'Our study challenges the established notion of how the continents on which we live behave.'It challenges the textbook concepts taught in introductory geology classes.'Researchers were interested in what happens at the interface between tectonic plates, the thick, solid layers of minerals that cover our planet, and material in the upper mantle beneath the plates.This will let them see how North America is gliding over the deeper parts of our planet.It is a very large and relatively stable region, but they found an irregular pattern with rather abrupt changes in it.They think the upwelling patte AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5191047/Mysterious-molten-rock-discovered-New-Hampshire.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 254 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Consumer goods giant Reckitt Benckiser plans to buy rivals
 
06:08
Consumer goods giant Reckitt Benckiser is set to spend billions on takeovers as it separates its health and hygiene home divisions.The Durex and Cillit Bang owner said it has ‘not ruled out’ acquisitions, fuelling speculation it wants to pile on debt to buy Pfizer’s non-prescription drugs business.The revelation came as it unveiled a major shake-up in its business structure, which will be split into two units, RB Health and RB Hygiene.The health division, which includes brands like Nurofen and Gaviscon, will be headed by chief executive Rakesh Kapoor while the hygiene home division, which includes brands like Cillit Bang and Veet, will run by Rob de Groot, who heads Reckitt’s European and Russian businesses.Kapoor will maintain control of the whole business, with de Groot reporting to him. It came as Reckitt cut forecasts for the second time this year, warning sales would stay flat.Like-for-like sales fell 1 per cent year over year in the third quarter to £3.2bn, a small improvement on its 2 per cent second-quarter decline.Including a boost from currency exchange rates and its June acquisition of baby formula firm Mead Johnson, sales rose 30 per cent.Despite the small improvement Reckitt, which had already cut its growth target from 3 per cent to 2 per cent, said it now expected underlying revenues for the year to come in flat – its worst result since 1999.Reckitt said that the fallout from a cyber-attack, a failed product launch and a boycott over a safety scandal in South Korea had affected its business. The firm was among a number of consumer good companies to be hit by the global cyber-attack in June, which started in Ukraine and crippled software systems.It was further hit by its flop Scholl Wet and Dry foot product and a boycott of its products in South Korea after its steriliser product Oxy Sacsac, which was put inside humidifiers, was linked to a spate of fatal lung problems between 2001 and 2011.Like consumer goods rivals Unilever and Procter & Gamble, Reckitt has been seeking to boost performance across its divisions.It completed the sale of its French’s mustard food business to US group McCormick in August, which had long been viewed as a non-core part of the company’s business.Kapoor added that the firm wanted to be a global leader in consumer health and it had ‘not really realised [its] full opportunity there’. The comments have fuelled speculation in the City that the restructuring is a prelude to a full spin-off of the home hygiene division, which could finance a takeover of Pfizer’s consumer health business.Last week, Pfizer said that it was looking to sell its consumer healthcare business, which includes drugs like painkiller Ibuprofen and Centrum multivitamins, in a move that could fetch up to £11bn.The business has long been seen as a target for Reckitt.The firm, however, is already saddled with debt following its £13.2bn takeover of American formula maker Mead Johnson, which makes Enfamil products.Sales at Mead Johnson rose 1 per cent in the third quarter, boosted by growth in China – but rival Danone reported a 50 per centjump in Chinese baby food sales in the quarter on Tuesday.Bernstein analyst Andrew Wood said he expects Reckitt’s net debt to be roughly 3.1 times its full year’s earnings.He estimated this would increase to almost six times if it bought the Pfizer unit.But Adrian Hennah, chief financial officer, has not ruled out acquisitions and is prepared to see its credit rating fall a notch to triple-B ‘if something spectacular came along’. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-4993938/Consumer-goods-giant-Reckitt-Benckiser-plans-buy-rivals.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 672 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Samsung's Galaxy S9 revealed
 
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A ‘leaked’ photo has revealed what could be the first official 'hands on' look at Samsung’s Galaxy S9 and S9+ handset.However, the designs show a pretty much unaltered design - except for a new rear mounted fingerprint sensor.The image was recently shared to the Chinese social network Weibo and spotted by androidandme.com - although it warns 'it looks genuine enough, but you should take it with a grain of salt for now.'The image does appear confirm previous rumours about the largely unchanged handset.It shows that the Galaxy S9, which is on the left, will have only one camera on the back of the phone while the Galaxy S9+ will boast a dual rear camera.Previous images posted on Weibo, the look like official Galaxy S9 press renders - although Samsung has not commented on their validity.Samsung is expected to unveil the Galaxy S9 and S9+ officially at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas next week.If the photos are to be believed, the upcoming device will have a rear-mounted fingerprint scanner just beneath the dual lens camera, correcting an issue in the current line-up that has frustrated many users.These renders also suggest that the Galaxy S9 will keep in place the 3.5mm headphone jackWhile the photo posted to Slashleaks doesn’t reveal much about the front of the device, there could be some important changes in the back.The ‘off center’ placement of the fingerprint sensor beside the camera in Galaxy S8 has proved awkward for some users.But, the latest renderings show the firm may amend this with the Galaxy S9, instead placing the sensor right under the camera.Some industry experts suspect Samsung is set to reveal its Galaxy S9 handsets in January at the CES show.The firm hopes the move, four month earlier than its usual March launches, will help it boost sales against Apple - which usually waits until September to reveal its new handsets.There are also rumours the firm will use the event to reveal it's first folding phone.'Samsung is planning to show off its next-generation Galaxy S handsets a bit earlier than usual, according to someone briefed on the company’s plans,' said VentureBeat's Evan Blass last month.He claims the two phones are said to be nearly identical in appearance to their predecessors.It's been seven months since Samsung unveiled its Galaxy S8 smartphone, and rumours of its next device continue to build.Chinese leaker, Ice Universe, as mysteriously tweeted that the 'back of the Galaxy S9 will change a lot.'While the leaker doesn't go into detail about how, Ice Universe has a strong track record for predicting features on Samsung devices.Ice Universe has posted a series of tweets about the Samsung Galaxy S9 this week.The first tweet read: '100 per cent sure, Galaxy S9 no screen fingerprint recognition,' while the second continued: 'The back of the Galaxy S9 will change a lot.'While Ice Universe didn't reveal details about what the change to the back could be, rumours suggest Samsung may introduce a dual-lens camera to the Ga AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5229711/Samsungs-Galaxy-S9-revealed.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 75 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Shelley the AI horror writer that pens hair-raising tales
 
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You’ve likely heard the horror stories about artificially intelligent beings – but now, you can read the tales penned by one.A team of MIT researchers has unveiled an AI horror writer, Shelley, named for the famed Frankenstein author.After training on scary stories collected from Reddit, Shelley can now generate her own nightmare-inducing creations, and even collaborate with humans in effort to write the world’s first AI-human horror anthology.HOW TO WRITE WITH THE SHELLEY AI To add to one of Shelley's stories, you can reply to the tweet with up to 3 of your tweets for a given story, according to the creators. If your reply contains more than 1 tweet, the team recommends threading the tweets according to Twitter's guidelines.   Your tweet should end with #yourturn, so Shelley or other Twitter users can continue the story. If your contribution is intended to conclude the story, you can write #theend. The rules are explained in full on Shelley's website.The AI-horror writer is the creation of researchers at MIT’s Media Lab, who previously unveiled the ‘Nightmare Machine’ – an AI that can generate gruesome horror imagery.To train Shelley, the researchers fed the AI stories from the horror subreddit, r/nosleep.Then, working on just the ‘seed’ of an idea, the AI can spin her own tales and work with humans to further develop the story.‘Now as an adult, and not unlike Mary Shelley – her Victorian idol – she takes a bit of inspiration in the form of a random seed, or a short snippet of text, and starts creating stories emanating from her creepy creative mind,’ the creators explain.‘But what Shelley truly enjoys is to work collaboratively with humans, learning from their nightmarish ideas, creating the best scary tales ever.’The team revealed the AI this week, and as of Monday, Shelley has been tweeting a new story every hour.Anyone can then join in on the writing process by replying to her tweet with the next bit of the story, and concluding with #yourturn.The AI-human collaboration has already produced a slew of short stories, many of which ring the familiar bells of a classic horror tale.‘What could I do? I was a monster,’ one story begins. ‘I was seeing things. I was the victim. The lives of my thirst.'But I was never actually dead. I was still in my own body.’The AI draws inspiration from the long history of horror, touching on numerous common themes, from monsters and ghosts to violence and the unsettling feeling of being watched.‘I stood there staring down the hill, and I saw the man in the black cloak standing there, holding a knife,’ Shelley wrote in one thread.‘He stood in silence, his head motionless but was staring at me. "I’m sorry. I found you. I want you to enjoy this curse. I love you, I’m so sorry."'In another spine-tingling thread, Shelley wrote: ‘I remember his face in a look of horror, and it was agony and malice.'I was trapped. I was trapped in this hospital bed. ’The AI, however, is not perfect just yet.In the midst of Shelley’s hair-raising stories, there are also several bizarre snippets that don’t seem to make any sense.In one comical example shared by the team, the AI wrote, ‘”You…your wife is your father,” the voice said perfectly.’ AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5014213/Shelley-AI-horror-writer-pens-hair-raising-tales.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 418 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Million-pound London homes having asking prices slashed
 
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AutoNews- Hundreds of thousands of pounds are being knocked off the asking prices of properties valued around the million pound mark as the top end of the housing market cools, it has been revealed.The trend is particularly pronounced in London, where values tend to be higher and £1million often doesn't extend to much more than a two or three-bedroom flat in some areas. Discounts of up to 50 per cent can be found, according to estate agents.Experts claim the decreases in the capital are having a so-called 'ripple effect' on the traditional commuter belt of the South East, where values are also slowing.The latest house price data from Nationwide Building Society revealed that house prices in London have fallen for the first time in eight years.It said values dropped 0.6 per cent during the past year to £471,761, compared to an average value of £210,116 for the country as a whole.Nationwide's chief economist Robert Gardner explained how house prices across the UK have converged in recent quarters, saying: 'Annual growth rates in the south of England have moderated towards those prevailing in the rest of the country. London has seen a particularly marked slowdown.'Housing market commentators suggested the falls presented an opportunity for buyers to find a bargain, especially if they're are looking for a discount on a luxury home.Lee James Pendleton, of estate agents James Pendleton, said: 'London has been the torchbearer of quite unbelievable growth in recent years but it has been an overvalued market for at least the last three. This shows sellers and agents are becoming more realistic.He added: 'The most surprising thing of all is how the capital managed to keep up its march skyward for so long. There have been so many headwinds but an era of cheap borrowing has seen buyers refuse to be intimidated.'That period of bravado now seems to have come to an end as the capital's fortunes diverge from those of every other region.'Nicholas Finn, of Garrington Property Finders, agreed, saying: 'The London market's shift from blistering price growth to stagnation and now gentle decline has been gradual, but it's no less remarkable for that.'Of course the capital's gravity-defying, double-digit rates of annual price growth were always going to be unsustainable.'The softening of prices was initially led by the capital's prime market, which was knocked sideways both by Brexit and in the wake of the introduction of higher rates of stamp duty for high-value homes.'The number of homes for sale above £1million that have dropped their asking prices has nearly doubled this year, according to estate agents Savills.It also blamed the shift on concerns from buyers about the effect Brexit negotiations could have on the economy and the impact of the overhaul of stamp duty.The changes to the tax in 2014 means those with homes costing more than £937,000 pay more in stamp duty than under the previous system.Areas in the North, where values tend to be lower, have been less affected.Brian Murphy, of Mortgage Advice Bureau, said: 'Regionally, house price growth is levelling, with London prices seeing their first decrease annually in eight years, which has had a 'ripple effect' on prices in the traditional commuter belt of the South East, where we can also see growth becoming muted.'However other areas of the country, such as the South West, East Anglia and particularly the East Midlands are seeing prices and demand continue on a strong market trajectory, signally continued consumer confidence.''With growth in most of the UK still in positive territory, a continued lack of stock in many areas and a lot of motivated buyers still looking for property to purchase, the market is in good shape overall and, all things taken into account, may well continue on its current course over the remaining months of the year,' he said.Henry Pryor, who acts to find and negotiate deals for buyers, said: 'There's no cost when setting a guide price, you can ask whatever you want but unlike the market of 18 months ago this is now very definitely a buyers' market.'I'm seeing deals in London agreed not just 10 or 15 per cent below the original asking price but 25 to 30 per cent - and not just in the centre of town where the prices were highest.'I can't recall a market full of such opportunities and I expect this winter that many buyers will lay down the foundations of their future property fortunes,' he concluded.
Views: 94 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - South West Water paid more to its owner than on upgrading
 
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A water firm has been slammed for handing more money to its owners than it spent on upgrading equipment.South West Water paid a £213.1million dividend to its parent group Pennon last year, while investing £190million in drinking and wastewater operations.Research group Corporate Watch said that over past ten years, it has paid £1.7billion to its owner and banks, and invested £1.4billion on upgrades.Last December the firm was fined £1.7million by the regulator Ofwat for missing pollution targets.Its minor spills increased from 222 to 252 during 2016, according to is latest annual report. The firm says 82m litres of water leak a day, within its target of 84m litres.Corporate Watch said: 'A huge amount of money that could have been spent on plugging leaks and stopping sewage spills has been paid out to shareholders and other corporate investors ... there is no obligation to pay such huge sums in dividends.'South West's parent, the Pennon Group, is a listed company whose major shareholders include Lazard and Pictet.Ofwat is trying to make the water companies deliver better service and lower bills, wanting bills to fall until 2025.South West Water said Corporate Watch's report was 'selective and unbalanced'.It said it managed finances within regulatory guidance and had spent more than £7bn improving water and sewage services since 1989.It added: 'The average household bill now is less than it was ten years ago, and we have pledged to keep average household bill rises below inflation to the end of the decade.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5086339/South-West-Water-paid-owner-upgrading.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 12 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Twitter users explode over photo of mother-of-five with young-onset dementia cuddli
 
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When mother-of-five Phyllis Feener started fumbling on simple tasks at work in 2012, she put it down to side effects from menopause.At 52, she was used to unexpected symptoms like hot flashes and forgetfulness, so just tried to work through it.But this time, it wasn't coming and going in phases, it was just getting worse, and she was let go from her job in Mount Juliet, Tennessee.Panicked, she went to her doctor for help.After a few tests, in early 2013, Phyllis received a verdict she had never expected: she had young-onset dementia.Five years later, Phyllis is in the final stages of the disease, which is incurable and terminal.But her family has remained strong, inspiring thousands of people online after her daughter Kelli posted a photo of Phyllis and husband of 34 years Stan cuddling on an armchair.'She doesn't always remember his name but she knows she is safe with him. If that's not true love, I don't know what is,' Kelli wrote.The tweet, posted on April 25, exploded: within a week it was shared 120,000 times, with 622,000 likes and more than 5,000 responses.Phyllis was diagnosed with a subtype of dementia that particularly affects speech.Logopenic Variant PPA makes it particularly difficult to find words, meaning sufferers speak slowly and often hesitate.They usually maintain their memory of what words mean, but it affects their fluency.It means that, as time goes on, it can make it harder for sufferers to understand sentence structures and fluid speech.There is no cure for any form of PPA, and while there are some treatments that are thought to slow the progression in certain types of dementia, this is not one of them.Nonetheless, some patients have seen progress working with speech therapists, so Phyllis's family got her straight into a program.'We have no way of knowing how much time we will have with Phyllis,' the family wrote last week on the GoFundMe page.'It just depends on how quickly her disease progresses. It could be two years, it could be twenty years. Either way, this will be an ongoing journey and we will need help in the years to come.'According to her speech therapist, there may be a few years left but she urged the family to start looking into care facilities.'I don't know how the next few months and years will be for Phyllis but I'm hopeful that she can maintain where she is for a while,' the therapist said on the GoFundMe page.'I do worry about her future safety because I know some progressions of dementia involve loss of muscle movement. She does a lot of things from muscle memory like feeding herself and walking but I don't know how long that will last.'I'm hoping she has many more years but I think it is important for [the family] to prepare [themselves] for that. I remember [Stan] saying that [he was] looking into long term care facilities and I think that will be so important for the future.'I'm greatly impressed at [Stan's] ability to care for her. I know 24-7 can't be easy but [he is] doing an excellent job!'Now, t AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5683423/Twitter-users-explode-photo-mother-five-young-onset-dementia-cuddling-husband.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1063 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - The Sex Robots Are Coming shows married man's sex robot
 
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A man enjoying a relationship with his sex doll girlfriend as well as his wife of 36 years has confessed he wouldn't know what to do if he had to choose between them.James, 58, from Atlanta, Georgia, bought 5ft blonde robot April - who he now has sex with four times a week - for £2,000 when his wife Tine began caring for her sick mother.He explains in an upcoming Channel 4 documentary, The Sex Robots are Coming, how he shares a bed with April and takes her out on dinner dates, and claims people often don't even notice she isn't a living, breathing woman.And the engineer's sexual relationship with the doll has his wife's blessing, according to the Daily Star.Although Tine has admitted she found it difficult at first to come to terms with her husband's sex doll obsession, she has adapted, and said she was glad he hadn't cheated with another real woman.'I was uneasy about it, but it got better as time went on.'If he really wanted to he could have gone out and found someone else, but he didn't do that, he was true to me,' Tine said.James and April’s relationship features in the new Channel 4 show, which follows a manufacturer's attempt to create one of the world's first fully functioning sex robots - a doll that looks, moves and talks in a more lifelike fashion than any that has gone before.And James already has his eye on an £8,000 robot named Harmony.The robot, which is due to arrive on the market in the next few months, has been developed by engineer Matt McMullen of The Real Doll Company in California.As well as plans to make the doll artificially intelligent Matt wants to add realistic sexual responses to the body like internal heating, self-lubrication and a constricting sensation to simulate an orgasm.'It's like having sex with a real woman'Of his existing companion, James explains in the programme that he 'feels deeply' for April, and insists she is 'more than just a sex toy'.He believes that the pleasure of their relationship lies in taking care of the doll - being able to dress it, put on make up and interact with it - but also bending it into whatever position he desires.'It's amazingly like having sex with a real woman,' he explained.'The biggest difference is whatever position you want them in you have to put them in, as they will not get there on their own.'Doggy style is not a problem, because their backs flex, you put it in whatever position you want. Every guy knows what it is like to slap a woman on the butt and this is not unlike the real thing.'Standing in front of his wife and preening April, James said in the documentary: 'Every guy has in his head the perfect girl and this is what I see when I look in the mirror and see this look.'Female technology expert says sex dolls are not replacing womenThere is only one woman on the robotics team at The Real Doll Company, Susan, who has worked on the Harmony project for the last three years.She wants to add electronics to the vaginal inserts so that if a man went deeper or faster the dol AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5110439/Meet-man-robot-girlfriend-WIFE.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 895 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - PornHub users targeted with advertising malware attack
 
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PornHub users may be looking over their shoulders for another reason, after news emerged that cybercriminals have been targeting the website.Millions of visitors to the site may have been exposed to the Kotver malware, which generates revenue by clicking on ads in the background, with users left oblivious.Know as a 'malvertising' attack, it could have easily delivered more malicious ransomware or information gathering software instead.Kovter is a Trojan horse that is used to perform click-fraud operations on the computers it infects. This is in order to generate revenue for its creators. The threat is also memory resident, which means the original file it infected can be deleted and it can still reinfect a system, once run. It uses a device's registry, a database that stores low-level settings, as a persistence mechanism to ensure it is loaded into memory each time the infected computer starts up.Computer security experts from Sunnyvale-based Proofpoint first raised the alarm about the hack attack.Countries most heavily hit over the more than year-long campaign include the US, UK, Canada, and Australia.Users install what they believe is an update to popular browser related software like Chrome, Firefox and Adobe's Flash player.Instead, their systems are infected by the virus.Following notification from Proofpoint, PornHub and the Traffic Junky advertising network worked to remove the infected content and keep visitors safe.Kevin Epstein, vice president of threat operations at Proofpoint: 'This campaign uses clever social engineering to trick users into installing fake updates that appear as soon as they visited a page containing a malicious ad.'Once users clicked on what they thought was an update file, they may not have even noticed a change in their systems as the malware opened an invisible web browser process, clicked on ads, and generated potential revenue for cybercriminals.'We encourage consumers to run anti-malware security solutions to ensure systems are clear and organisations to update web gateways to detect related traffic.'This is not the first time that visitors to porn sites have been warned about the potential dangers of their online activities.In September, researchers discovered that watching mobile porn on your smartphone puts you at much higher risk of having your data leaked than watching it on your PC.Experts from Wandera, a London-based mobile phone consultancy, looked at the websites that are most likely to contain malware, and found that the adult apps were also the most likely to have malicious bugs.They examined content viewed on 10,000 mobile devices across the US and UK.They discovered that 34 out of every 10,000 devices are accessing inappropriate content on a daily basis.A further analysis of the results showed that inappropriate mobile activity was highest on Fridays, followed by Thursdays, while Monday was the least popular day for inappropriate mobile activity.In terms of time of day, inappropriate usage was found to increase from 8pm, peaking at around 2-3am, and remaining low throughout the working day.Gambling, cam, adult and ad networks were found to be by far the biggest risks for mobile users.FIVE STEPS TO MORE SECURE ONLINE OPERATIONS  Even using this checklist can't guarantee stopping every attack or preventing every breach. But following these steps will make it significantly harder for hackers to succeed.  1) Enable two-factor authentication (2FA). Most major online services, from Amazon to Ap1
Views: 6007 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - What do people say before they die?
 
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Nurses who care for the terminally ill have revealed the heart-wrenching last words of terminally ill patients before they die, including their biggest regrets, fears and witnessing glimpses of heaven.Macmillan palliative care nurses at Royal Stoke University Hospital in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, say patients often wish to see their beloved pet one last time, while others simply request a cup of tea.One nurse described how an unwell couple asked for their beds to be pushed together before dying within 10 days of each other.Many patients' last words include them complaining life is too short and regretting they spent their hard-earned retirement in ill health.Previous research from the University of North Carolina found the terminally ill and those on death row are more positive than might be expected, with many calling on family and religion to ease the anxiety of their passing.In a BBC documentary 'What do people say before they die?', the nurses add it is possible to have a 'good death' and explain why people should not be afraid of passing on.WHEN YOU DIE YOU KNOW YOU'RE DEAD: THE MIND STILL WORKS AFTER THE BODY PASSES, SCIENTISTS DISCOVER A person's consciousness continues to work after the body has stopped showing signs of life – making them aware of their own death, scientists from the New York University Langone School of Medicine discovered last month. There is even evidence to suggest someone who has died may hear their own death being announced by doctors, according to the researchers. Although death is defined as the heart stopping beating, brain cells can continue to function for up to several hours, they add. Performing CPR in a bid to revive the patient can increase their awareness after passing as it boosts the brain's blood supply, allowing cells to survive for longer, the researchers said.'Life is too short, do the things that make you happy'As well as some requesting a cup of tea, nurse Dani Jervis said: 'We do get people that would like their favourite tipple,' the BBC reported.Nurse Angela Beeson described how an unwell couple simply wanted their beds pushed together so they could lay side-by-side, holding hands, singing 'Slow Boat to China' together.In terms of feeling regret, Ms Jervis said: ‘One person said life is too short, do the things that you want, do the things that make you happy.'Ms Beeson added: ‘People will have worked really hard and found their retirement was spent in ill health, not doing the things they’d hoped to.’Past research from the University of North Carolina reveals the blog posts of terminally ill patients are surprisingly uplifting, with the number of positive words increasing as they approach death.Many also mention family and religion, suggesting these ease their anxiety.Lead author Kurt Gray said: 'When we imagine our emotions as we approach death, we think mostly of sadness and terror.'But it turns out, dying is less sad and terrifying - and happier - than you think.'In our imagination, dying is lonely and meaningless, but the final blog posts of terminally ill patients and the last words of death row inmates are filled with love, social connection and meaning.'The Macmillan nurses urge people not to be afraid of death, with some patients reporting they see glimpses of heaven and describe it as 'wonderfulMs Beeson even said her aunt was 'talking' to her deceased grandmother moments before she died.The team add it is possible to have a 'good death', saying communication is key, as well as being pain-free and surrounded by family.People should openly discuss death and prepare in advance for the end of their lives, they add. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5076725/What-people-say-die.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1900 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - 'Disfigured' grandmother has bra TATTOO after mastectomy
 
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A grandmother who said she felt 'disfigured' following a double mastectomy, now shows her breasts to everyone – after having a bra tattooed across them.Despite having reconstructive surgery, Judy Lawrence, 53 – who had aggressive stage three breast cancer – was too self-conscious to let anyone see her topless.But now, the accountant says the lacy design, which took eight hours, has covered her scars and she is now constantly showing people her breasts.Judy, from Hoquiam, Washington State, US, said: 'The tattoo has transformed how I feel.'If talking about it and showing it off can help one breast cancer sufferer to feel empowered to take back control, then it will be worth it.''I was determined it wouldn't define me'Judy, mother to twins Peggy and Mathew, 31, was diagnosed with the disease in April 2013, after finding a lump in her right breast in the shower.'It was devastating. I had a grandmother who had breast cancer, so I knew it was in my family,' she said.'I was checked for the BRCA1 gene – the inherited gene mutation – but luckily it came back clear.'But I was told I'd need a lumpectomy, where the tumour and some surrounding tissue is removed, which I had in that May.'But, a month later, Judy was told the surgeon had not managed to remove all the cancer.She continued: 'The doctor said some lymph nodes were affected, too, so the question then became whether I wanted them to take my breasts off as a precautionary measure.'With my family history and everything I'd been through already, I didn't want the possibility of cancer happening to me again. I have kids and grandchildren – Taylor Arriola, seven, and Alex, five - and I really wanted a chance.'I was devastated at the thought of losing both breasts, but I was determined it wouldn't define me. Really, I just wanted the cancer out of me.'So, Judy went under the knife for a four-hour double mastectomy later that month, before spending two days in hospital, recovering. She then had a gruelling three months of chemotherapy.'Luckily, I didn't get really sick, but I lost some of my hair, so my granddaughter Taylor shaved the rest off,' she recalled.Judy then had radiotherapy, for five days a week, over six weeks.Ten months later she had her 36B breasts reconstructed, in a two-hour procedure at St Peter Hospital.Judy, who still hated her scarred breasts, said: 'Even just getting changed to go swimming, I would hide my chest. And the saddest part was I wouldn't even let my granddaughter see them.'I felt disfigured and, If she came in the room while I was getting changed, I'd hide away.'I was left so badly scarred, it really bothered me to have someone see my breasts. I felt like they could see into my soul.'So, in May this year, Judy found a unique way to get her confidence back – by turning her scars into art.'My daughter had been trying to persuade me to get a tattoo for years and I always said, "No way, it's not me," she said.'Then I started talking to my family doctor earlier this year and he mentioned mastectomy tattoos.'I researched them online and saw that they were really beautiful, especially the bra tattoos.'With the backing of her salesman husband, John, 53, Judy visited Eternity Ink Tattoo, in Shelton, Washington, where tattoo artist, Cori Bella, designed a stunning lacy bra, which she inked across her breasts.'I wanted a beautiful design that would cover my scars up and make me feel fantastic,' said Judy.After two sessions, lasting almost eight hours and costing nearly £600 ($1
Views: 172 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Oxford scientists create microchip that mimics human brain
 
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AutoNews- It has been described as the 'holy grail' of computing, and now scientists have made a crucial step towards creating a computer that mimics the human brain.Researchers have developed a microchip that uses light rather than electricity to imitate the way the brain operates.The development could lead to a supercomputer that can store vast amounts of information simultaneously, while using minimal power.To develop the chip, the researchers combined phase-change materials - substances that absorb and release energy during the process of melting and freezing – with specially designed light circuits that deliver a response similar to the neurons in the brain. The resulting chip can operate at speeds 1,000 times faster than those of the human brain. The researchers believe that the microchip could pave the way for a new age of computing, where machines work and think in a similar way to the human brain, while at the same time exploiting the speed and power efficiency of photonic systems.An international team of researchers, led by the University of Oxford have developed the photonic computer chip that uses light rather than electricity.Professor Harish Bhaskaran, who led the study, said: 'The development of computers that work more like the human brain has been a holy grail of scientists for decades.'Via a network of neurons and synapses the brain can process and store vast amounts of information simultaneously, using only a few tens of Watts of power.'Conventional computers can't come close to this sort of performance.'To develop the chip, the researchers combined phase-change materials - substances that absorb and release energy during the process of melting and freezing – with specially designed light circuits that deliver a response similar to the synapses in the brain.The resulting chip can operate at speeds 1,000 times faster than those of the human brain.Professor C David Wright, co-author of the study from the University of Exeter, explained: 'Electronic computers are relatively slow, and the faster we make them the more power they consume.'Conventional computers are also pretty "dumb", with none of the in-built learning and parallel processing capabilities of the human brain.'We tackle both of these issues here - not only by developing new brain-like computer architectures, but also by working in the optical domain to leverage the huge speed and power advantages of the upcoming silicon photonics revolution.'The researchers believe that the microchip could pave the way for a new age of computing, where machines work and think in a similar way to the human brain, while at the same time exploiting the speed and power efficiency of photonic systems.Professor Wolfram Pernice, a co-author of the study, added: 'Since synapses outnumber neurons in the brain by around 10,000 to 1, any brain-like computer needs to be able to replicate some form of synaptic mimic.'That is what we have done here.'
Views: 66 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Why this urine sample is green
 
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Experts tell us the colour of healthy urine is pale straw — so the green hue of the urine in this patient’s catheter bag is certainly different.Indeed, this image provoked much discussion when posted on Figure 1, a website where doctors around the world share medical images and canvass their colleagues’ opinions.But there are a host of reasons why urine might be green; some benign, others more worrying.For instance, asparagus may have this effect in some people who lack the genes to break down the pigments which give the vegetable its colour, says Richard Viney, a consultant urological surgeon at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and The Bladder Clinic. ‘Other explanations include consumption of food dyes or the use of drugs containing chemical compounds called phenols.’These medicines include cimetidine, often used to treat reflux; the antidepressant amitriptyline; and an antihistamine called promethazine.Phenols are broken down into a green compound that is excreted into urine.Another explanation could be a urinary tract infection caused by Pseudomonas bacteria.However, the urine in this picture is in a catheter bag, which suggests other, more serious causes. Catheter bags are typically used in intensive care or after surgery to help monitor the output of urine.‘There is a dye called methylene blue, which may be used during surgery to make certain body fluids and tissues easier to see,’ says Mr Viney. This dye can also be used as an intravenous drug in seriously ill cardiac patients — as was the case here.‘In this situation, the patient would be in shock following surgery, which means their blood pressure is too low and their organs start to fail,’ says Mr Viney.‘This is often caused by over-dilation of blood vessels in response to infection.‘Initially, doctors use adrenaline-like substances to constrict the blood vessels and raise blood pressure. But if these don’t work, another option is methylene blue, as this can also cause dilated blood vessels to constrict.’Indeed, the registered nurse who posted this image explained that the patient had been given methylene blue.Due to its blue colour — and urine being yellow — the result was green urine. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5212071/Why-urine-sample-GREEN.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 313 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Singapore billionaire makes third bid for hotel chain
 
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The Singapore billionaire vying to take over Millennium & Copthorne Hotels has made a third bid for the chain.Kwek Leng Beng, the chairman of M&C, which owns about 65 per cent of the group, is trying to buy the remaining share.His first offer, in August, worth 510p per share in cash, was rejected by shareholders outright, while a revised proposal, made in September, was also rebuffed.His third offer, earlier this month, for 545p per share, values the firm at £1.8billion but that has faced criticism by investors, who believe it undervalues the company.International Value Advisers and MSD Partners say the latest offer fails to reflect the underlying value of its assets, which give the firm a book value of 820p per share.They also criticised directors for considering the offer without talking to independent shareholders.Two other City investors, Aberdeen Standard Investments and Fidelity International, also oppose the offer. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/marketdata/article-4998446/Singapore-billionaire-makes-bid-hotel-chain.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 111 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Video shows a baby's parasitic twin being removed
 
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Shocking video footage reveals the moment a baby boy, born with his twin attached to his stomach, successfully undergoes separation surgery.In 2016, Hemlata Singh, from Jodphur, India, gave birth to a healthy baby named Sonni, but attached to his stomach was his partially formed, parasitic twin, putting the infant's life at risk.At just nine days old, Sonni was separated from his parasitic twin via the liver they shared before disconnecting the artery that carried blood from Sonni's heart to his twin's deformed one.As expected, the twin died shortly after surgery, with Sonni going home 12 days later.Ms Singh said: 'I am happy to see that my child's condition is improving and he will get better.'Parasitic twins occur when a baby is born with the attached tissue of an undeveloped twin who died in the womb. The parasitic twin's tissues are dependent upon the 'host'.  It is unclear why this occurs, but may be due to a restricted blood supply during pregnancy, which leads to the death and partial absorption of one of the twins. The condition occurs in around one in a million live births.'The risk of mortality is 80 per cent'Parasitic twins occur when an embryo develops inside the mother's womb but the pair do not separate, resulting in just one embryo developing fully.Unlike conjoined twins, a parasitic twin is not completely formed and is dependent on the bodily functions of the healthier baby.Sonni's twin's brain was underdeveloped, with the infant having no intestine or stomach, meaning the baby had no way of surviving on its own and was putting his brother's life at risk.Dr Anurag Singh from Saroj Hospital in Delhi, said: 'When we saw this baby one of the children was just like any other normal child, the only abnormality was that from his whole abdomen there was another small baby sitting on it.'The two had a common skin and they were joined together. So it was as if one small child was sitting on another child.'The is the first case I've seen and the literature has reported one in one million live births.'The risk of mortality is 80 per cent, so this is a very high risk surgery.''He will get better'Ms Singh said: 'When I first saw my kids, I felt anxious and awful.'They told me that they will be operated on then we can give you one child but we can't save the other.'I am happy to see that my child's condition is improving and he will get better.Body Bizarre is on Thursdays at 10pm on TLC UK. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5088537/Video-shows-baby-s-parasitic-twin-removed.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 266 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Researchers claim we are NOT living in a simulation
 
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AutoNews- It’s a question that has persisted in science fiction and philosophical discussion alike: are we living in a computer simulation?Scientists have long argued both sides of the theory, with some even suggesting if we did live in a simulated reality, we’d never know the truth.But now, a new study could finally put the debate to rest.Theoretical physicists have discovered that it is impossible, by principle, to simulate a quantum phenomenon that occurs in metals – and, ultimately, something as complex as the entire universe.In a new study published to the journal Science Advances, the team from the University of Oxford and the Hebrew University used a technique known as Monte Carlo simulation to investigate a phenomenon said to be a gravitational anomaly.The effect, called thermal Hall conductance, can be seen in systems with high magnetic fields and low temperatures.But in their work, the researchers found that the simulation is unable to capture a system with gravitational anomalies, such as the quantum Hall effect.As the number of particles required for the simulation increased, the researchers found the simulation itself became far more complex.If the particles increased in a linear way, the number of computational resources to simulate the system would have to as well; for a system twice as large, for example, the number of required resources, including processors and memory, would have to double.But, if the system grew exponentially, this effect would be far more extreme.To store the information of a few hundred electrons on a computer, the simulation would require memory built from more atoms than exist in the entire universe, the researchers note.‘Our work provides an intriguing link between two seemingly unrelated topics: gravitational anomalies and computational complexity,’ said co-author Zohar Ringel, a professor at Hebrew University.Last summer, when asked at the Code Conference in southern California if the answer to the question of whether we are in a simulated computer game was 'yes', Elon Musk said the answer is 'probably'. Musk believes that computer game technology, particularly virtual reality, is already approaching a point that it is indistinguishable from reality. But, according to Sabine Hossenfelder, a theoretical physicist at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, the simulation scenario ignores the laws of nature. Such a universe that would either have to ‘overthrow quantum mechanics’ or rely on qubits, which have yet to tie in with general relativity. Elon Musk is one of many who have suggested reality may not be as we think. Last summer, when if the answer to the question of whether we are in a simulated computer game was 'yes', Elon Musk said the answer is 'probably' Essentially, the researcher argues, ‘our presently best theories are the standard model and general relativity, and whatever other explanation you have for our observations must first be able to reproduce these theories’ achievements.’ So far, no one has been able to do this.   Hossenfelder considers a scenario in which the universe is composed of bits, like a computer, relying on ordered time-series encoded by an algorithm.  Such a thing could not be done using classical bits, as there would be no quantum effects. But, even if you were to attempt to build the universe from quantum bits (qubits), there ‘are good reasons to believe it’s not possible,' the physicist argues, as no one has yet succeeded in recovering general relativity and the standard model of particle physics from qubits.‘It also shows that the thermal Hall conductance is a genuine quantum effect: one for which no local classical analogue exists.’According to the researchers, the study shows that systems with gravitational anomalies will bring about a ‘sign problem’ within the Monte-Carlo approach.If the problem could be solved, large-scale quantum simulations could be possible, they say – but the work provides proof that it cannot be solved for some systems.While the computer simulation theory continues to gnaw at the minds of many, with people such as Elon Musk backing the idea, the new study suggests it would be impossible to generate the illusion of reality in this way.
Views: 706 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Tchenguiz ends £2.2bn lawsuit over botched dawn raid
 
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Vincent Tchenguiz has settled a £2.2billion lawsuit with a collapsed Icelandic bank linked to a botched raid by the Serious Fraud Office.The property magnate sued Kaupthing bank and accountants Grant Thornton claiming they provided misleading information to the SFO.Kaupthing has agreed to make unspecified payments to the Tchenguiz Family Trust, while Tchenguiz has dropped his claim against Grant Thornton and individual defendants.The SFO has already paid him and his brother £4.5million and apologised in 2014 after it dropped the case.But a £1billion claim by Robert is still being fought. Grant Thornton denies the claims.The brothers were arrested in March 2011 following raids by the SFO, which was investigating why funds flooded out of Kaupthing in the days before it failed in 2008.Tchenguiz had borrowed £100million shortly before its collapse.Grant Thornton said it welcomed the withdrawal of 'baseless claims'.Johannes Runar Johannsson, who was on Kaupthing's winding-up panel, welcomed the case against him being withdrawn. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/news/article-5037377/Tchenguiz-ends-2-2bn-lawsuit-botched-dawn-raid.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 614 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Where the trend for rose gold began
 
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AutoNews- Rose gold may be very on-trend now, but ancient Colombians also valued the colour.Researchers have found Colombia's Nahuange people, who lived during the first millennium AD, were capable of making impure gold appear more valuable.And they often intentionally over polished their gold products to reveal pink and orange tones underneath - creating fashionable a rose gold jewellery.Rose gold, also known as pink gold and red gold, gets its colour from mixing gold with copper. Although the names are used interchangeably, they specifically refer to the ratio of copper content. The pink hued metal was particularly popular in Russia in the late 19th century. Jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé used it to create his priceless ornamental Easter eggs for the country's royal family. This association became so strong rose gold became known as Russian gold, although this term has since fallen out of favour. Similarly, trends have seen the metal itself go in and out of fashion. Some may view it as tacky or of a low quality, while others prize it for its unique appearance. In recent years it has regained much of its popularity, being used to build everything from wedding rings to the casing of the recently released iPhone 8.Researchers from the Museum of Gold in Bogotá, Colombia, studied 44 pinkish metal artefacts from the Nahuange culture.Very little is known about the society of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range, near Colombia's Caribbean coast, which flourished between 100 and 1,000 AD.But, based on artefacts they have uncovered, experts believe they were skilled metalworkers.The Museum of Gold team examined nose pendants, necklaces, earrings, belts, bracelets and other finds to learn more.There, they found evidence of a process of refinement and then burnishing which resulted in a rose gold appearance.Speaking to Live Science Marcos Martinón-Torres, an archaeologist at University College London and co-author of the study, said: 'What's peculiar about finding it here in Colombia is that the whole Andean region is renowned historically for mastering the technology of gilding.'That is, making metals more golden than they should be based on their composition.'[This finding] defies our expectations that the more golden the better.'For the Nahuange, things are not quite so simple.'Rose gold, also known as pink gold and red gold, gets its colour from mixing gold with copper.This makes it cheaper to produce than the purer forms of gold.Andean goldsmiths created a process called depletion gilding that allowed them, through a combination of oxidation and polishing, to bring the gold to the surface.This would make the object appear more pure than it actually was.Andean goldsmiths created a process called depletion gilding that allowed them, through a combination of oxidation and polishing, to bring the gold to the surface.In the case of the rose gold jewellery, the craftsmen intentionally polished past this golden layer to reveal the copper content beneath.Why this should be the case remains somewhat of a mystery.The authors suggest two potential theories that the objects may have held some ritualistic significance.The first suggests that they may have been involved in funerary rights.The second links them to gifts to girls going through puberty as studies from the region have connected red and orange with femininity.The full results were published in the journal Antiquity.
Views: 14 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Impotence drug Viagra to go on sale over the counter
 
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Men seeking Viagra will no longer need a prescription from their GP after health officials reclassified the drug.For the first time, they will instead be able to buy it over the counter at chemists, as long as a pharmacist approves the little blue pills as safe for them to use.The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) announced that it is reclassifying Viagra Connect tablets following a public consultation.Manufacturer Pfizer plans to get stocks of the medication into UK pharmacies by spring 2018.Experts say making the tablets more widely available will help sufferers of erectile dysfunction (ED) who might not feel able to visit their GP.Pharmacists will be able to determine whether treatment is appropriate for the patient and can give advice on ED, usage of the medicine, potential side effects and assess if further consultation with a GP is required.But some men, including those with severe heart problems, those at high risk of heart problems, liver failure, kidney failure or those taking certain 'interacting medicines', will still need to be prescribed the drug under the supervision of a doctor.Officials hope the move will also help steer people away from buying drugs websites operating illegally.The MHRA said that ED medicines are a 'popular target' for criminals selling unlicensed and counterfeit medicines.Over the past five years the agency has seized more than £50 million of unlicensed and counterfeit impotency medicines.'This decision is good news for men's health,' said Mick Foy, MHRA's group manager in vigilance and risk management of medicines.'The move to make Viagra Connect more widely accessible will encourage men to seek help within the healthcare system and increase awareness of erectile dysfunction.'Erectile dysfunction can be a debilitating condition, so it's important men feel they have fast access to quality and legitimate care, and do not feel they need to turn to counterfeit online supplies which could have potentially serious side effects.'Manufacturer Pfizer said Viagra Connect – which contains the ingredient sildenafil at 50mg – said the move should protect men by limiting the likelihood of them turning to dodgy websites.UK medical director Dr Berkeley Phillips said: 'The availability of Viagra Connect in pharmacies from next year will offer men who are eligible for the product a new and convenient way to access sildenafil, a commonly prescribed treatment for erectile dysfunction.'We understand some men may avoid seeking support and treatment for this condition, so we believe giving them the option to talk to a pharmacist and buy Viagra Connect could be a real step forward in encouraging more men into the healthcare system.'As erectile dysfunction may be a sign of an underlying condition such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease, there could also be a wider benefit to public health in the long term.'We hope that this forthcoming new opportunity to purchase a genuine treatment via pharmacy will also reduce the likelihood of men turning to potentially ineffective and dangerous counterfeits from illicit sources.'GENERIC VERSION OF 'WEEKEND' ED DRUG CIALIS COULD BE AVAILABLE ON NHS The cost of an erectile dysfunction pill that lasts up to eight times longer than Viagra has been slashed by half – and could soon be available on prescription on the NHS. A generic version of Cialis has launched in the UK after the brand's patent ran out, opening up the market for cheaper versions. Tadal1
Views: 769 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Lab-grown ovaries could replace drugs for menopausal women
 
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Menopausal women could get lab-grown ovaries instead of hormone drugs to treat the debilitating symptoms without raising their risk of deadly diseases.New research in rats found bioengineering artificial ovaries could provide a safer and more natural hormone replacement therapy for women.The hormone replacement therapy that most women take to offset the loss of estrogen in their late 40s and 50s is not advised long-term, since it increases the risk of heart disease and breast cancer.Now, a team from Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine in North Carolina has found that the engineered ovaries were more effective than hormone therapy drugs at improving bone and uterine health and body composition.'The treatment is designed to secrete hormones in a natural way based on the body's needs, rather than the patient taking a specific dose of drugs each day,' said senior author Dr Emmanuel C Opara, a professor of regenerative medicine at the institute.The cell-based system of hormone replacement is an attractive alternative to drugs.It can match the dose with the body's needs and it is consistent with current guidelines in the US and Europe recommending the lowest possible doses of hormone replacement therapy.To engineer the bioartificial ovary, the research team isolated the two types of cells found in ovaries (theca and granulosa) from rats.They used a thin membrane as a capsule for the cells, which was then implanted in rats that had their ovaries removed.These rats were compared with animals with normal ovarian function, untreated rats and rats who received either a low- or high-dose of traditional hormone replacement drugs.The study looked at three areas commonly affected by the loss of ovarian function: body composition, bone health and uterine health.It is well known that loss of ovarian function leads to body fat accumulation and weight gain.The study found that the cell-based constructs led to a substantially lower percentage of body fat levels than low-dose drug therapy and had the same results as animals with intact ovaries.Estrogen deficiency can also lead to osteoporosis and related fractures. In the rat study, the cell treatment led to better bone outcomes than the traditional hormone replacement drugs.The loss of ovarian function is also known to have adverse effects on the genital and urinary system, including sexual dysfunction and urinary incontinence.The researchers evaluated uterine tissue in study animals and found that uterine health in the cell-treated animals was similar to the animals with intact ovaries.'Safe hormone replacement will likely become increasingly important as the population of aging women grows,' said Dr Opara.'Whether the loss of ovarian function is due to surgical removal, chemotherapy or menopause, the effects can range from hot flashes and vaginal dryness to infertility and increased risk of osteoporosis and heart disease.'This study highlights the potential utility of cell-based hormone therapy for the AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5148023/Lab-grown-ovaries-replace-drugs-menopausal-women.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 37 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Dubai announces plans to build a £100m simulation of Mars
 
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AutoNews- In the hopes of simulating life on the red planet, Dubai has announced that it is building a £100 million (AED 500 million/$135 million) 'Mars Science City.'The city will cover 1.9 million square feet, making it the largest space simulation city ever built.The project will be home to a team of researchers who will live there for a year, carrying out experiments to look at the food, water and energy needs to sustain life on Mars.The project is part of Dubai's Mars 2117 Strategy, which seeks to build the first settlement on Mars in the next 100 years.The Mars Science City project was unveiled at the annual meeting for the UAE government in Abu Dhabi this week.The city will contain advanced laboratories that simulate Mars' terrain and harsh environment.There, scientists will carry out experiments to look at the food, water and energy needs to sustain a human settlement on Mars.It will also have a museum that will display some of the world's greatest space achievements.The walls of the museum will be 3D printed using sand from the Emirati desert.As well as the laboratories and museum, the project will also be home to a team living in the simulated red planet city for a year.The designers hope that this experience will form an important reference model for future innovation around sustaining life in a hostile environment.The city will consist of several domes, built using 'innovative construction techniques.'Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, ruler of Dubai, said: 'The UAE is a great country with vision and understanding of the challenges we face and the rapid changes our world is experiencing.'We believe in the potential of space exploration, and in collaborating with global partners and leaders in order to harness the findings of this research and movement that seeks to meet people's needs and improve quality of life on Earth.'The project is part of Dubai's Mars 2117 Strategy which seeks to build the first settlement on Mars in the next 100 years.Sheikh Mohammed added: 'The landing of people on other planets has been a longtime dream for humans.'Our aim is that the UAE will spearhead international efforts to make this dream a reality.'It is unclear when Dubai plans to start building work on Mars Science City.
Views: 99 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Morocco TGV begins tests between Casablanca and Tangier
 
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Engineers in Morocco are preparing to test Africa's first high-speed railway this week with trains reaching 320kilometres (200 miles) per hour, the country's rail office said Monday.One train reached 275kph (170 mph) on Monday along a stretch of track between the northern cities of Kenitra and Tangier, the ONCF said.'This is already the fastest train on the African continent,' said French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, who was in Morocco to sign a loan deal between the ONCF and the French Development Agency.He said the railway was 'emblematic of the Franco-Moroccan bilateral relationship'.The link between Casablanca and Tangier via the capital Rabat will slash journey times between the North African country's economic hubs by almost two thirds, from five hours and 45 minutes to just over two hours.Morocco's TGV, which gets its name from the French abbreviation for high-speed trains, is set to enter service in summer 2018.The total cost of the project, 50 per cent financed by France through various loans, is around $2.4billion (two billion euros).It is set to go around 15 per cent over budget, according to figures released on Monday.But ONCF head Rabii Lakhlii said the project had cost 'less than nine million euros per kilometre, compared to a European standard of 20 million euros per kilometre'.The route, made more complex by hilly terrain and strong winds, required the building of several viaducts including one some 3.5 kilometres long.The ONCF is targeting six million travellers a year after three years of operations.Lakhlii said tickets would cost about 30 per cent more than those for the current rail link.Moroccan leaders have heralded the project as a key step in modernising the country's infrastructure.But opponents have criticised it, saying the money could have been better spent in a country where many live in poverty.They also argue that it unfairly favoured French companies. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-4963908/Morocco-prepares-test-fastest-train-Africa.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2592 US Sciencetech